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Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability

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Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone, Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza
Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability

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Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability

  1. 1. Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone, Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza School of Engineering, University of Basilicata beniamino.murgante@unibas.it http://oldwww.unibas.it/utenti/murgante/Benny.html https://unibas-it.academia.edu/BeniaminoMurgante https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Beniamino_Murgante Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability “Featuring Territorial Intelligence of Small and Medium-sized Cities and Insular Communities in the Mediterranean Scenery – Building Bridges between Local Endeavors and Global Developments” 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus
  2. 2. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Contemporary city gives centrality to cars: Design of urban spaces, squares and streets is based on private mobility needs The possibility of walking is often denied culturally and materially
  3. 3. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  4. 4. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Ph Michele Guyot Bourg
  5. 5. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  6. 6. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  7. 7. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  8. 8. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  9. 9. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Walkability must be conceived as the possibility of citizens to move on foot. It is fundamental for people to have a modal choice in moving. Walkability could be an alternative to vehicles.
  10. 10. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Means of transport used by population for going to workplace ISPRA elaboration on ISTAT data
  11. 11. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Means of transport used by population for going to school. ISPRA elaboration on ISTAT data
  12. 12. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  13. 13. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability The walkability level can be improved combining quantitative analyses and participatory processes in order to improve the urban quality of life. A participatory process has been held in Potenza.
  14. 14. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  15. 15. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  16. 16. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  17. 17. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Space Syntax analysis is characterized by the central role given to urban space in relation to settlement phenomena. Space Syntax main properties: • to interpret and understand the internal geography of a settlement aggregate; • to suggest land uses and destinations congruent with potentiality offered by urban space articulation; • to simulate the effects of design transformations on system variables providing a valuable tool in supporting planning activities Space Syntax analysis is based on three assumptions: • urban space structure influences phenomena that take place on it; • perceptual appreciation of space influences behavioural choices on it; • the grid of urban paths is considered as a constitutive structure of urban space.
  18. 18. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  19. 19. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Space Syntax analysis The axial map is the graphical representation of the set of segments (axial lines) that represent the viewsheds Connectivity index expresses the number of lines directly connected to a given line. (Degree centrality) Integration index measures how integrated (or central) a street is to network (closeness centrality) Choice index measures how a street is important as a through-road for the network (Betweenness centrality) (Javadi et al. 2017)
  20. 20. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Connectivity index STATISTIC VALUE Number of features 212 Mean 5.301886792 Standard deviation 3.571823199 Variance 12.757920968 Minimum 1.0 Maximum 19.0 Coeff. Gini 0.3641
  21. 21. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Integration index STATISTIC VALUE (r=n) VALUE (r=3) Number of features 212 212 Mean 7.97540909 2.251835136 Standard deviation 1.487712601 0.189675195 Variance 2.213288785 0.035976679 Minimum 0.43 0.33 Maximum 1,12966825 3.7 Coeff. Gini 0.1002 0.0477 Radius-3 integration presents a localised picture of integration (local integration), while Radius-n integration presents a picture of integration at the largest scale (global integration) (Hillier 1996).
  22. 22. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Choice index STATISTIC VALUE (r=n) VALUE (r=3) Number of features 212 212 Mean 0.066432468 0.091310333 Standard deviation 0.090546658 0.09713634 Variance 0.008198697 0.009435468 Minimum 0.0 0.0 Maximum 0.45199728 0.53571427 Coeff. Gini 0.6437 0.5325
  23. 23. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Intelligibility index is “a measure of the relationship between the overall urban space and local features” (Szalapaj, 2001) Intelligibility index R=n
  24. 24. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Intelligibility index is “a measure of the relationship between the overall urban space and local features” (Szalapaj, 2001) Intelligibility index R=3
  25. 25. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Synergy index is “correlation between global (radius n) integration and local integration radius 3 (Hillier 1996)
  26. 26. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Movement interface index analyses the correlation between integration and choice. It indicates how much a space accessibility as destination from different origins is index about the possibility of this space to fall within the minimum paths from all points to all the others.
  27. 27. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Movement interface index analyses the correlation between integration and choice. It indicates how much a space accessibility as destination from different origins is index about the possibility of this space to fall within the minimum paths from all points to all the others.
  28. 28. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Connectivity index STATISTIC VALUE (r=n) Number of features 1291 Mean 5.056545313 Standard deviation 1.398481026 Variance 1.95574918 Minimum 1.0 Maximum 8.0 Coeff. Gini 0.1308
  29. 29. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Choice index STATISTIC VALUE (r=n) Number of features 1291 Mean 17068.697134 Standard deviation 30930.4138762 Variance 956690502.552 Minimum 1290.0 Maximum 232519.0 Coeff. Gini 0.7296
  30. 30. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Choice index STATISTIC VALUE (r=250) VALUE (r=500) VALUE (r=1000) VALUE (r=1500) Number of features 1291 1291 1291 1291 Mean 688.043377226 2637.36250968 10062.5739737 20715.9349342 Standard deviation 1064.26444838 4990.07583664 19260.9336687 41964.9092219 Variance 1132658.81609 24900856.8554 370983565.789 1761053606.0 Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Maximum 7791.0 48771.0 164956.0 355372.0 Coeff. Gini 0.6869 0.7254 0.7541 0.7819
  31. 31. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Choice index STATISTIC VALUE (r=2000) VALUE (r=3000) VALUE (r=4000) VALUE (r=5000) Number of features 1291 1291 1291 1291 Mean 28243.3439194 30761.2215337 30795.5228505 30795.5228505 Standard deviation 59103.0221523 67474.1092751 67580.801364 67580.801364 Variance 3493167227.54 4552755422.46 4567164713.0 4567164713.0 Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Maximum 474171.0 433543.0 434519.0 434519.0 Coeff. Gini 0.7958 0.8045 0.8046 0.8046
  32. 32. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Integration index STATISTIC VALUE (r=250) VALUE (r=500) VALUE (r=1000) VALUE (r=1500) Number of features 1291 1291 1291 1291 Mean 120.613 198.691 278.388 325.028 Standard deviation 94.624 131.298 114.225 87.633 Variance 8953.685 17239.157 13047.348 7679.534 Minimum 5.3175 10.255 25.214 113.188 Maximum 431.040 494.237 479.121 476.109 Coeff. Gini 0.430 0.373 0.236 0.155 STATISTIC VALUE (r=2000) VALUE (r=3000) VALUE (r=4000) VALUE (r=5000) Number of features 1291 1291 1291 1291 Mean 351.189 358.094 358.160 358.160 Standard deviation 78.140 77.486 77.426 77.426 Variance 6105.895 6004.072 5994.864 5994.864 Minimum 134.718 155.215 155.240 155.240 Maximum 487.958 494.477 494.477 494.477 Coeff. Gini 0.127 0.124 0.124 0.124
  33. 33. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Workshop activities have been developed with 2 approaches: ü traditional: work of a small group of people (experts, neighbourhood representatives, organizations, and associations); ü Innovative: use of new information technologies and social networks to expand participation.
  34. 34. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  35. 35. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  36. 36. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Viale Verrastro: example of an architectural barrier near the sidewalks. Via Adriatico: example of a path without sidewalk. Via Anzio: example of coincidence between driveway and pedestrian traffic.
  37. 37. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability Viale Tammone: trees and benches reduce the width of the sidewalk. Via Anzio: example of dangerous pedestrian crossing.
  38. 38. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  39. 39. Results of online questionnaires and social media Moving on foot in the district is not considered safe and comfortable: vehicular traffic, the slope of roads, the presence of stray and domestic dogs, the poor path maintenance are elements that discourage cycle and pedestrian mobility. Access to the area with public transport is also negatively assessed.
  40. 40. 3rd conference and exhibition “Smart and Blue City” 2018 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability
  41. 41. More particularly, in the workshop the following interventions have been identified: ü The improvement of the characteristics and maintenance status of the sidewalks (especially in the G area). ü The construction of secure pedestrian crossings. ü The construction of a protected pedestrian path able to connect the most populated areas. ü The functional reorganization of some streets in order to create pedestrian spaces.
  42. 42. The use of social networks, and more generally of electronic participation tools, represents a fast and solid approach through which to define a shared knowledge framework with citizens. Improving pedestrian mobility means creating the conditions for a reappropriation of spaces. Creating a valid alternative to the use of the private vehicle can lead to an improvement in the quality of life.
  43. 43. Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone, Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza School of Engineering, University of Basilicata beniamino.murgante@unibas.it http://oldwww.unibas.it/utenti/murgante/Benny.html https://unibas-it.academia.edu/BeniaminoMurgante https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Beniamino_Murgante Thank you for your attention “Featuring Territorial Intelligence of Small and Medium-sized Cities and Insular Communities in the Mediterranean Scenery – Building Bridges between Local Endeavors and Global Developments” 5-6 October 2018, The Sun Hall Hotel, Larnaca-Cyprus

Beniamino Murgante, Raffaella Carbone, Lucia Saganeiti, Francesco Scorza Involving Citizens in a Participation Process for Increasing Walkability

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