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Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery is most often used on caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockings, and golf shirts.

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  1. 1. BAHIR DAR UNIVERSITY ETHIOPIAN INSTIUTE OF TEXTILE AND FASHION TECHNOLOGY(EITEX) DEPARTEMENT OF GARMENT ENGENEERING PREPAERD BY peer group 8 section a 1.Fitsumbelay 2.Kibromg/her 3.Andebet zewdu 4.Danielsolomon 5.Edengetachew 6 daniel hagos SUBMITED TO BERHIUN DATE
  2. 2. Introduction Surface decoration • What is Surface decoration? A surface decoration for product is when you add something to what you are making in order to make it more interesting or to add an extra bit of colour to it. It comes in all different ways and is great if you want to make something that extra bit special Thereare the most common forms of apparel decoration technology in use today  Embroidery  Appliqué  3D Foam  Sequins Screen printing Direct To Garment Printing (Digital Printi ng)  Laser Etching  Rhinestones Transfers
  3. 3. Embroidery • Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery is most often used on caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockings, and golf shirts.
  4. 4. Historical background of Embroidery • Embroidery has been dated to the Warring States period in China (5th- 3rd century BC).The process used to tailor, patch, mend and reinforce cloth fostered the development of sewing techniques, and the decorative possibilities of sewing led to the art of embroidery. • In a garment from Migration period Sweden, roughly 300–700 CE, the edges of bands of trimming are reinforced with running stitch, back stitch, stem stitch, tailor's buttonhole stitch, and whip stitching, but it is uncertain whether this work simply reinforced the seams or should be interpreted as decorative embroidery.
  5. 5. • Embroidery was a very important art in the Medieval Islamic world. One of the most interesting accounts of embroidery were given by the 17th century Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi, who called it the "craft of the two hands". Because embroidery was a sign of high social status in Muslim societies, it became a hugely popular art. • Elaborately embroidered clothing, religious objects, and household items have been a mark of wealth and status in many cultures including ancient Persia, India, China, Japan, Byzantium, and medieval and Baroque Europe. Traditional folk techniques are passed from generation Cont.
  6. 6. Classification of Embroidery •Embroidery can be classified according to what degree the design takes into account the nature of the base material and by the relationship of stitch placement to the fabric In free or surface embroidery, designs are applied without regard to the weave of the underlying fabric. Examples include crewel and traditional Chinese and Japanese embroidery. Counted-thread embroidery patterns are created by making stitches over a predetermined number of threads in the foundation fabric. needlepoint threads are stitched through a fabric mesh to create a dense pattern that completely covers the foundation fabric
  7. 7. Classification of Embroidery Hand Embroidery Embroidery Machine
  8. 8. Embroidery Machine • Machine embroidery is an embroidery process whereby a sewing machine or embroidery machine is used to create patterns on textiles fabric Free- motion machine embroidery In free-motion machine embroidery, embroidered designs are created by using a basic zigzag sewing machine. As it is used primarily for tailoring, this type of machine lacks the automated features of a specialized machine. Computerized machine embroidery Most modern embroidery machines are computer controlled and specifically engineered for embroidery. embroidery machines have a hooping or framing system that holds the framed area of fabric taut under the sewing needle and moves it automatically to create a design from a pre-programmed digital embroidery pattern.
  9. 9. Working principle of embroidery machine Attach a stabilizer material for embroidery to the prevent poor quality embroidery designs. Setting the fabric in the embroidery frame The fabric is stretched in the embroidery frame. If the fabric is loose, the quality of the embroidery pattern may be poor. Put the fabric in the frame without slack 1 3 4 5 62
  10. 10. Take your embroidery machine and plastic embroidery frame for the machine. Select your design on the touch screen. embroidery machine. embroidery arm. touch screen Prepared BY Ambika How to use the embroidery machine
  11. 11. Separate the frame top and bottom and thread the machine and the bobbin in the colours you would like the embroidery to be in. Prepared BY Ambika
  12. 12. Place your backing fabric into the frame. This helps to keep the fabric firm and avoids the design from stretching.
  13. 13. Place your fabric into the frame, checking it’s not folded anywhere especially on the underneath. The fabric needed to be tight in the frame for the embroidery machine to work properly.
  14. 14. Slide the frame into the arm of the embroidery machine. Check that the frame is in correctly and that the fabric is not folded underneath anywhere. Check your embroidery is correctly placed and to the right size (on the touch screen) embroidery arm. Touch screen.
  15. 15. Press the green embroider button and let the machine do all the work. It will then begin sewing your design. If you have any problems like a needle breaks or broken thread press the green button to stop the machine. The machine will indicate to you any problems. Green button.
  16. 16. Tools and material used Aida cloth (sometimes called Java canvas) is an open weave, even-weave fabric traditionally used for cross- stitch embroidery. Embroidery hoops and frames are tools used to keep fabric taut while working embroidery or other forms of needlework.
  17. 17. Plastic canvas is a craft material of lightweight plastic with regularly spaced holes in imitation of embroidery canvas. It is also commonly known as vinyl weave. Plastic canvas is typically used as a foundation for needlepoint or other canvas work embroidery, usually in acrylic or wool knitting yarn •Perforated paper is a craft material of lightweight card with regularly spaced holes in imitation of embroidery canvas. It is also sometimes referred to as punched paper
  18. 18. Different Types of Embroidery Threads: Different types of Embroidery threads in use are Rayon Threads, Polyester Threads, Nylon threads, Cotton Threads, Cotton-wrapped polyester, Metallic Threads, Laminate or Flat Threads and Silk Threads:
  19. 19. Embroider Stitches • The stitches are grouped into four types, each offering different effects and uses for embroidery: 1) Outline – Used for outlining the elements of your design 2) Border – Used to secure edges and to add textural dimension to your design 3) Detached – Used to create decorative details or in mass to fill in open areas of the design 4) Filling – Used to create shading or to solidly fill in a design area
  20. 20. Running Stitch Uses: outlining, straight and curved lines.  Work from right to left.  Bring thread up at 1 then down at 2, up at 3 and down at 4 and continue. The spaces between the stitches can be the same length as the stitches or shorter for a different look. Back Stitch Uses: outlining, straight and curved lines  Work from right to left. Bring needle up at 1 and back down at 2.  Move left and bring needle up at 3, then back down at 1. Continue stitching.
  21. 21. Split Stitch : Outlining, straight and curved lines, filling a shape by working rows closely together. Work from left to right.  Bring needle up at 1 and down at 2.  Bring needle back up at 3, splitting the center of the previous stitch.  Take needle down at 4 and then back up at 2. Continue stitching Chain Stitch Uses: Outlining, straight and curved lines, filling if rows are stitched closely together. Work from top to bottom. Bring needle up at 1 and then reinsert needle in same hole, forming a loop. Bring needle up at 2 and pull thread to tighten loop until desired shape is achieved. Repeat multiple stitches to create a chain. To end the row make a small stitch over the last loop to hold it in place to secure thread on backside.
  22. 22. Couching Uses: Outlining shapes, straight and curvy lines, spirals, bold dimensional accents, decorative borders. Blanket Stitch Uses: Straight and gently curved lines, borders and finishing edges. Work from left to right. Bring needle up at 1, down at 2 and up at 3, keeping the thread looped under the needle. Pull thread through and shape stitch as desired. Repeat multiple stitches until complete.
  23. 23. Whip Stitch Uses: is used for seaming fabrics, either right or wrong sides together. The stitches should be about 1/16" apart, and only as deep as necessary to create a firm seam. Laced Running Stitch Uses: Borders, decorative outlining. Stitch a line of Running Stitches. Bring the lacing thread up at 1 and lace it under the next running stitch. Coral Stitch Uses: Decorative borders, foliage, plant stems Working from right to left, hold the working thread to the left of the starting point (or the last stitch). Insert the needle into the fabric above the working thread and bring the tip of the needle out just under the thread. Wrap the thread around the needle from left to right and pull the needle through the resulting loop.
  24. 24. Cross Stitch Uses: Borders and filling if worked in adjacent rows. To stitch a line: Stitching from left to right, bring needle up at 1, down at 2, then up at 3 and down at 4. Continue stitching across to end of line. Start back stitching from right to left, make crosses by bringing the needle up at 5 and down at 6. Continue until all crosses have been stitched. Upright Cross Stitch Uses: Borders, fillings, decorative. Work left to right. Create a horizontal stitch by bringing needle up at 1 and down at 2. Create a vertical stitch by bringing your needle up at 3 and down at 4. To create the next upright cross stitch bring your needle up at 5 and down at 6. Bring your needle back up at 7 and down at 8.
  25. 25. Herringbone Stitch Uses: Border, edging, can be stitched over a ribbon or braid to hold it down. Work from left to right. Bring needle up at 1, and down at 2. Bring needle up at 3 and down at 4 to create an elongated cross stitch. Bring needle up at 5 and continue. Mark two parallel lines with Water Soluble Pens to keep stitch height uniform Chevron Stitch Uses: Border, edging, can be stitched over a ribbon or braid to hold it down. Work from left to right. Bring needle up at 1, down at 2. Bring the tip of the needle back through the fabric halfway between 1 and 2 at point 3. Bring the needle up to 4 and make a backstitch by bringing your needle up from 5 down at 6. Bring the tip of your needle back through the fabric halfway between 5 and 6 at point 7. Bring your needle down at 8 and repeat the stitching
  26. 26. Different Types of Hand Embroidery 1 Cross-stitch Embroidery It is one of the more popular types of hand embroidery. Today, its popularity is still increasing as compared to the other types. Images or designs are simply created in cross- stitch by forming X-shaped stitches on a colored fabric. 2 Canvas work Embroidery it is another type of hand embroidery is which stitches would be done on a canvas. Canvas work is done on two types of canvas, either mono canvas or Penelope canvas
  27. 27. 3 Ribbon embroidery It is Not a modern method as it has been around for many years. Ribbon, perle cotton, and embroidery floss are used in ribbon embroidery to form a stitch pattern or design that can be quite outstanding. The results are more of a romantic appeal. 4. Bargello embroidery Distinctive patterns are built up from rows of straight stitches, arranged in a zigzag line, and repeated in varying shades or colors.. It is usually done for carpets, pillows, and upholstery.
  28. 28. Brazilian embroidery It is a type of surface embroidery that uses rayon thread instead of cotton or wool. It is called "Brazilian" embroidery because the use of high-sheen rayon thread in embroidery was first popularized in Brazil, where rayon was widely manufactured. Brazilian embroidery patterns usually include flowers formed using both knotted and cast on stitches. Black work embroidery It is another well-known method. Black thread stitched is formed on a white fabric in this type of work. The craft made using this method looks thicker and appealing because of its even weave with the threads being twisted.
  29. 29. Reference • file:///C:/Users/Kbrom%20Gere/Downloads/embroidary/Machine%2 0embroidery%20-%20Wikipedia%20d.htm • • www.brotherembroidary • Sewing machine accessories •