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Week 5 -- The Bible Fast Forward

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Week 5 of Greg Koukl's The Bible Fast Forward Series

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Week 5 -- The Bible Fast Forward

  1. 1. THE BIBLE FAST FORWARD Putting the Pieces of the Bible Together Week 5
  2. 2. OUR PURPOSE To give a practical, historical overview of the Old Testament emphasizing the unfolding plan of salvation as God reveals it through His covenants with the nation of Israel, and the fulfillment of those covenants in the person of Jesus of Nazareth.
  3. 3. 12 MAJOR EVENTS 1. The Call of Abraham 2. The Birth of Isaac 3. Joseph in Egypt 4. The Exodus 5. Moses Gets the Law 6. Joshua Conquers the land 7. The three kings of the United Kingdom (Saul, David & Solomon) 8. The Kingdom Splits: Israel & Judah 9. The Assyrian Dispersion 
 (of Israel) 11. The Return to the Land 12. The Coming of Messiah 10. The Babylonian Captivity
 (of Judah)
  4. 4. THE CALL of Abraham
  5. 5. THE BIRTH of Isaac
  6. 6. JOSEPH in Egypt
  7. 7. JOSEPH, GOD’S WILLand the Sovereignty of God God’s Moral Will God’s Sovereign Will What God would prefer (this can be thwarted) (no way, buster) What God will accomplish
  8. 8. and the Sovereignty of God God’s Moral Will God’s Sovereign Will “As for you, you meant evil against me” (God used it to accomplish His rulership and sovereignty) God did not thwart their evil desires against Joseph but God meant it for good in order to bring about this present result, to save many people alive. JOSEPH, GOD’S WILL
  9. 9. THE EXODUS
  10. 10. SUPERNATURAL PROTECTION The Exodus is God’s faithfulness to His covenant by way of
  11. 11. MOSES gets the Law
  12. 12. THE MOSAIC COVENANT Is the outworking of the Abrahamic Covenant Abrahamic Covenant The Mosaic Covenant A man A nation A blessing to the world Moral Conduct Ceremonial Religious Activities Civil order and Government
  13. 13. THE BLESSINGS of the two different covenants Abrahamic Covenant The Mosaic Covenant Unconditional (binding on God alone) Based on Grace Conferred on individuals, Israel and also for other nations, dependent on faith Conditional (binding on Israel alone) Based on Works Meant the nation of Israel as a whole, dependent on obedience
  14. 14. 3 WAYS TO KNOW Whether a Law was Local or is Universal? Are we still obligated to keep it under the New Covenant? Does it seem transcendent or just cultural? How is this law treated in the Old Testament?
  15. 15. WANDERINGS AND IDOLS God’s people begin to forget
  16. 16. COME APART things begin to THE EXODUS Shortly after
  17. 17. AFTER THE EXODUS things begin to come apart Moses and Joshua go up to Mt Sinai for 40 days and the people get impatient. The people ask Aaron to make a golden idol that they can worship. God’s anger burns toward them and Moses intercedes for them. EXODUS 32
  18. 18. NUMBERS: 40 YEARS of wandering as judgment for their rebellion NUMBERS Numbers records the census (“numbers”) and tribes of Israel immediately after departing Mt Sinai. It also describes their wanderings in the wilderness for 40 years before they were allowed to enter the promised land of Caanan.
  19. 19. DEUTERONOMY “The second giving of the Law” The transition from the wilderness wanderings in Numbers to the conquest recorded in Joshua. NUMBERS 13-14
  20. 20. DEUTERONOMY “The second giving of the Law” It includes the final words of Moses and the giving of the law again, to a new generation. DEUTERONOMY It was given in preparation for them to enter the land God had promised them and marks a significant shift in leadership from Moses to Joshua
  21. 21. JOSHUA conquers the land
  22. 22. JOSHUA’S CONQUEST in the land of Caanan Joshua launches a southern campaign against a number of Canaanite cities. JOSHUA 10 Joshua launches a northern campaign through a surprise attack. JOSHUA 11 JOSHUA 13-24 Joshua partitions the land amongst the 12 tribes of Israel.
  23. 23. TRIBES OF ISRAEL
  24. 24. NOW WHAT? Israel’s cycle after the death of Joshua 1) Israel is expected to cleanse the land of the Canaanites because of their wicked influence over the Hebrews.
  25. 25. NOW WHAT? Israel’s cycle after the death of Joshua 2) The Hebrews do not drive the Canaanites out as they were commanded to do, but enslaved them instead.
  26. 26. ISRAEL’S CYCLE in the book of Judges 1) Sin — Israel falls into idol worship and forgets the Lord JUDGES 3:7-9 2) Subjugation — God allows an oppresor to come against Israel. 3) Prayer — God’s people cry out to Him for help. 4) Deliverance — God’s raises up a judge to rescue them. 5) Rest — A period of quiet before sin returns.
  27. 27. AND THUS BEGINS and the period of the Judges, THEOCRACY Thus ends the the reign of Kings.
  28. 28. THE AGE OF KINGS The Rise and Fall of Israel’s Kingdom
  29. 29. THE THREE KINGS of the United Kingdom:
 Saul, David & Solomon
  30. 30. ISRAEL REJECTS GOD and seeks out a king like the other nations Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel. 1 SAMUEL 8:1,3 But his sons did not walk in his ways; they turned aside after dishonest gain, took bribes, and perverted justice.
  31. 31. ISRAEL REJECTS GOD and seeks out a king like the other nations Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” 1 SAMUEL 8:4-5
  32. 32. ISRAEL REJECTS GOD and seeks out a king like the other nations But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” So Samuel prayed to the LORD. And the LORD said to Samuel, “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. 1 SAMUEL 8:6-7
  33. 33. ISRAEL REJECTS GOD and seeks out a king like the other nations According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also. Now therefore, heed their voice. However, you shall solemnly forewarn them, and show them the behavior of the king who will reign over them.” 1 SAMUEL 8:8-9
  34. 34. KING 1: SAUL A man after the flesh Saul is everything they want in a king (on the outside). He is a tall, good-looking leader. But Saul is a man-pleaser, not a God-pleaser. He is an example of life in the flesh. Saul disobey’s God’s command to wipe out the Ammalakites and keeps them alive.
  35. 35. KING 1: SAUL The primary enemy during the life of Saul are the Philistines, whose leader is… A man after the flesh
  36. 36. KING 1: SAUL The primary enemy during the life of Saul are the Philistines, whose leader is Goliath. Goliath and the Philistines torment Israel and Samuel is gone, so Saul calls a medium. To his surprise, God obliges and Samuel (from the other side) predicts Saul’s death. A man after the flesh
  37. 37. As a young boy, Samuel anoints David to take Saul’s place as Israel’s king. 1 SAMUEL 16 David kills Goliath with a rock and earns national fame. 1 SAMUEL 17 Saul repeatedly tries to kill David out of jealousy, but Jonathan protects him. KING 2: DAVID A man after God’s own heart 1 SAMUEL18-31
  38. 38. After Saul, David takes the throne and is a God-fearing military leader 2 SAMUEL1-9 David’s commits adultery and then murder of his leading commander. 2 SAMUEL 10-11 God sends the prophet Nathan to call out David’s sin and hypocrisy. KING 2: DAVID A man after God’s own heart 2 SAMUEL12
  39. 39. David’s later years are filled with rebellion, civil war and unrest. 2 SAMUEL 12 David is restored to God, but feels the result of his sins for years 2 SAMUEL 13-26 Unlike Saul, David repents before God, and owns up to his sinful mistakes. KING 2: DAVID A man after God’s own heart 2 SAMUEL 13-26
  40. 40. THE GOODNESS OF GOD Because David repented, God restored him. Yet didn’t remove the consequences of his sins. God is still faithful to the Abrahamic Covenant during the reign of the kings. God makes one final covenant in the Old Testament with David, and it’s called… in the life of David
  41. 41. WAIT
 FOR
 IT…
  42. 42. THE 
 DAVIDIC COVENANT
  43. 43. THE DAVIDIC COVENANT “a kingdom that will have no end” “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 2 SAMUEL 7:12-13
  44. 44. THE DAVIDIC COVENANT “a kingdom that will have no end” I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. 2 SAMUEL 7:14-15
  45. 45. THE DAVIDIC COVENANT “a kingdom that will have no end” And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.” 2 SAMUEL 7:16
  46. 46. THE DAVIDIC COVENANT “a kingdom that will have no end” This covenant, of course refers to Solomon, David’s son who would come after David and build the temple. It also is a prophecy about how the messiah would come from the line of David and fulfill the Davidic covenant.
  47. 47. MATTHEW 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham: THE DAVIDIC COVENANT “a kingdom that will have no end”
  48. 48. MATTHEW 1:17 So all the generations from 
 Abraham to David are = 14 generations So all the generations from 
 David until the captivity in Babylon are = 14 generations and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are = 14 generations
  49. 49. Solomon is the first king to take the throne by ancestry. (God’s faithfulness to the Davidic Covenant). 1 KINGS 1-11 Solomon is a great builder (the temple) and a great writer (author of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon) KING 3: SOLOMON A man after women and construction
  50. 50. Holy of Holies
  51. 51. God warned Solomon about the dangers of idolatry
 (1 Kings 9:4-8) along with a plea to live godly. 1 KINGS 11:1-8 However, he takes foreign wives and builds temples for their foreign gods, which turns his heart away from the Lord God and turns him towards idolatry. KING 3: SOLOMON A man after women and construction
  52. 52. 1 KINGS 11:2-3 Now King Solomon loved many foreign women along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, from the nations concerning which the Lord had said to the sons of Israel, “You shall not associate with them, neither shall they associate with you, for they will surely turn your heart away after their gods.” Solomon held fast to these in love. KING 3: SOLOMON A man after women and construction
  53. 53. God judges Solomon (as promised) and within one generation, the kingdom is torn from Solomon’s line. This marks another significant shift in the history of Israel and God’s people. KING 3: SOLOMON A man after women and construction
  54. 54. THE KINGDOM SPLITS Israel and Judah
  55. 55. THE KINGDOM SPLITS into Israel and Judah. After Solomon, his son Rehoboam takes the throne 1 KINGS 12:3-15 He disregards the counsel of the elders who tell him to ease the tax burden on the people. 
 He listens instead to the young men he grew up with, increasing taxation on his subjects
  56. 56. THE KINGDOM SPLITS into Israel and Judah. Jeroboam (the son of Solomon’s servant) leads a revolt against Rehoboam (Solomon’s son) for his poor leadership and excess taxation, and becomes king of Israel (North). 1 KINGS 11:29-38 The nation splits into Israel (the North) led by Jeroboam, and Judah (the South) led by Rehoboam.
  57. 57. SAUL’S
 KINGDOM DAVID & SOLOMON
  58. 58. DAVID & SOLOMON DIVIDED KINGDOM
  59. 59. THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel Jeroboam sets up altars of golden bulls at the extremes of his kingdom at Dan and Bethel so his subjects won’t worship in Jerusalem and be tempted to turn back to Rehoboam. 1 KINGS 12:25-33922-721 B.C.
  60. 60. This “sin of Jeroboam” plagued Israel for over 200 years. During this time 19 kings reigned in Israel. All of them were… 1 KINGS 13 THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel 922-721 B.C.
  61. 61. 1 KINGS 16-22 THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel Ahab and his wife Jezebel introduced Baal worship The Israelites worshipped Baal on “high places” including child sacrifice and prostitution as part of the worship ceremony. 922-721 B.C.
  62. 62. 1 KINGS 18 THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel This is where Elijah challenges the prophets of Baal to a duel. God waits patiently for the people to repent, but they do not, so God uses the Assyrians to invade and disperse Israel. 922-721 B.C.
  63. 63. THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel Which is where we come to…
  64. 64. THE ASSYRIAN DISPERSION of Israel
  65. 65. 1 KINGS 16-22 THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel This is called the“diaspora” 
 (dispersion) of the Jews. According to the tradition of Assyrian conquest, the people are scattered over the eastern Mediterranean region 922-721 B.C.
  66. 66. 1 KINGS 16-22 THE NORTHERN Kingdom of Israel During this time, the Assyrians populate the land of Israel and as they do, a new people group develops: the Samaritans. 922-721 B.C.
  67. 67. 1 KINGS 16-22 20 kings reign in Judah over a period of 350 years. 
 
 150 years longer than Israel. 922-587 B.C. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah
  68. 68. 1 KINGS 16-22 922-587 B.C. Judah’s decline is more gradual than Israel’s, but disobedience and idolatry permeate the kingdom. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah
  69. 69. 1 KINGS 16-22 Some of the kings of Judah are righteous, but most are not. 922-587 B.C. Godliness was measured by how they treated the “high places” where idolatry was being practiced. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah
  70. 70. 1 KINGS 18, 23 The best kings (Hezekiah, Josiah) tore down the high places of idol worship and restored worship to Yahweh in those places. 922-587 B.C. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah
  71. 71. 1 KINGS 15, 22 922-587 B.C. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah The spiritually compromised kings (Asah, Jehoshaphat) are faithful to Yahweh, but leave the high places in tact and do not stop the people from worshipping there.
  72. 72. 1 KINGS 8, 25-27 922-587 B.C. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah The worst of the kings (Jehoram, Ahaziah) actively participate in and lead the people in idol worship.
  73. 73. 1 KINGS 8, 25-27 922-587 B.C. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah Eventually God’s patience runs out and Judah comes under judgment.
  74. 74. 1 KINGS 8, 25-27 922-587 B.C. THE SOUTHERN Kingdom of Judah The Babylonians, led by king Nebuchadnezzar himself, lay 
 siege to Jerusalem and 
 eventually overthrow it.
  75. 75. THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY of Judah
  76. 76. THE THREE WAVES of the deportation of the people of Judah King Jehoichin is deposed, the temple is plundered. 10,000 leading citizens are taken along with the prophet Ezekiel and Daniel (and his friends). WAVE #1:597BC WAVE #2:587BC WAVE #3:582BC
  77. 77. THE THREE WAVES of the deportation of the people of Judah This wave is initiated when Zedekiah, the last king of Judah, foolishly rebels against Babylon, counting on Egypt to come to his aid (587-586 BC). WAVE #1:597BC WAVE #2:587BC WAVE #3:582BC
  78. 78. THE THREE WAVES of the deportation of the people of Judah Zedekiah is captured, watches as his own sons are executed, is then blinded and carried off to Babylon. WAVE #1:597BC WAVE #2:587BC WAVE #3:582BC
  79. 79. THE THREE WAVES of the deportation of the people of Judah The temple and palace are razed and the general population is deported. WAVE #1:597BC WAVE #2:587BC WAVE #3:582BC 2 KINGS 25:8-21
  80. 80. THE THREE WAVES of the deportation of the people of Judah WAVE #1:597BC WAVE #2:587BC WAVE #3:582BC The third wave deported everyone else except the poorest of the poor, who were left behind as vinedressers and plowmen to keep the land from growing wild. 2 KINGS 25:8-21
  81. 81. THE GLORY is extinguished Israel is dispersed, Judah is captive, the temple is in ruins, Jerusalem is destroyed and pillaged. Judah will not return from Babylon for 70 years.
  82. 82. THE GLORY is extinguished Both the Assyrian dispersion and the Babylonian captivity are vivid statements of Israel’s unwillingness to live under God’s rulership. Yet, in the midst of darkness, God is preparing to shine a great light…
  83. 83. IN 2 WEEKS:
  84. 84. THE RETURN to the Land
  85. 85. THE COMING of Messiah
  86. 86. SEE YOU THEN!

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