ABSTRACT ART• CUBISM- Cubism, an abstract movement in art, developed in the early 1900s It is based on the theory that objects should be captured by showing multiple points of view simultaneously. Forms are simplified and broken apart into planes, then reassembled in an abstract form emphasizing geometric shapes. The planes are sometimes tilted by means of shading. This was the first time collage become important in modern art.
Picasso’sPeriodsBlues CubismPeriod Period Garçon à la pipe Rose Period Dora Maar The Old Guitarist
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): Country- Spain Movements- Cubism (after his blue period and rose period) Media- Drawing, painting, sculpture, ceramics, mosaics, stage design and graphic arts Major Style & Contribution to Art • With Braque he developed cubism, collage and “found art” • Influences- Early work influenced by Post Impressionists. However, Cezanne and African sculpture inspired his cubist works. Interesting Fact- Picasso created more than 20,000 works of art in his lifetime. In 1913, at The Armory Show in NY he introduced the new style of cubism and caused a sensationPicassos "Girl with aMandolin"
Picasso-Les Demoiselles DAvignon,1907, oil on canvas, 234 cm W x 244 cm H, Museum of Modern Art, New York. • Considered the first cubist artwork, • The painting depicts five naked prostitutes in a brothel • their figures are composed of flat, splintered planes rather than rounded volumes, their eyes are lopsided or staring or asymmetrical, and the two women at the right have threatening masks for heads. • The space, too, which should recede, comes forward in jagged shards, like broken glass. In the still life at the bottom, a piece of melon slices the air like a scythe.
Guernica 1937, oil on canvas, 7.77 m W x 3.5 m H, Prado Museum, Madrid.• symbolic painting of the horrors of war• On April 27th, 1937, unprecedented atrocities are perpetrated on behalf of Franco against the civilian population of a little Basque village in northern Spain. Chosen for bombing practice by Hitlers burgeoning war machine, the hamlet is pounded with high-explosives and bombs for over three hours. Townspeople are cut down as they run from the crumbling buildings. Sixteen hundred civilians are killed or wounded.
Characteristics ofCubism:AbstractBroken Mirror EffectRearrangedGeometricMore than one viewSimplified Shapes
Abstract: does not look like real life Self Portrait
Broken Mirror Effect: Three MusiciansBraque:Houses at La Estaque 1909 Ambroise Vollard by Braque