Guides and Why
Learners Need Them
Basic Design Principles
Content for Your
Platforms for Creating
Future Directions for
Subject Guides: Helping Learners
Navigate Worlds of Information
Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton
A set of resources designed to help patrons
fully research and explore a topic
May include traditional and emerging
forms of authoritative information sources
Dynamic and organic
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/dukeyearlook/2108418237/sizes/o/
Sinkinson, C., Alexander, S., Hicks, A., & Kahn, M. (2012). Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental Models of Research Guides. Portal: Libraries & The
Academy, 12(1), 63-84.
Image used with permission under a Creative Common License from
Laura B. Cohen
Web Support Librarian (Retired), University at Albany, SUNY
what is authority?
who decides what
who are the
Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/202872717/sizes/l/in/photostream/
a focus on knowing how and
when a particular
is the right fit
for an information seeking
Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
Associate Dean for Learning and Outreach, Virginia Tech
Source: “The-3-Click-Dilemma: Are library databases nearing the tipping point of obsolescence?” August 20, 2013 http://bit.ly/14YCadM
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/orangeacid/420493902/sizes/l/
Dr. Henry Jenkins
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/waynel78/4421809468/sizes/l/
1.2.2 Demonstrate confidence and self-direction
by making independent choices in the selection of
resources and information.
3.1 Participate and collaborate as members of a
social and intellectual network of learners.
3.1.4 Use technology and other information tools
to organize and display knowledge and
understanding in ways that others can view, use,
4.1.6 Organize personal knowledge in a way that
can be called upon easily.
4.1.7 Use social networks and information tools to
gather and share information.
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2. Have you observed
your patrons (students,
utilizing any of these
resources in their
1. Do you incorporate
social media networks
and information streams
(emerging forms of
authority) into your
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Mathews, Brian. "CHANGE NEEDS A BRAND: Don't Fear Labels, Leverage Them." Web log post. The Ubiquitous Librarian. The Chronicle of
Higher Education, 25 Apr. 2013. Web. 02 May 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/04/25/change-needs-abrand-dont-fear-labels-leverage-them/>.
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/stephaniekac/3550747547/sizes/l/
Library website created with traditional web
Subscription or open source subject guide
Social Bookmarking Services
Free Sources: Netvibes, Live Binders, Symbaloo,
Free vs. Paid
In-House Expertise Needed to
Support the Platform
Ease of Replicating Content
Types of Embed Code Supported
for multiple users to manipulate
the guides and/or tools for creating the
Is content sharable within a community?
Does the platform generate a mobile
version or have an app?
Is the guide searchable?
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/sushicam/4776634231/in/faves10557450@N04/
• Mental Models Research
• User Experience
• Responsive Design
Technologies for CoCreated Content
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/sushicam/4776634231/in/faves-10557450@N04/; see research
Sinkinson, C., Alexander, S., Hicks, A., & Kahn, M. (2012). Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental Models of Research
Guides. Portal: Libraries & The Academy, 12(1), 63-84.
Drexler, Wendy. "The Networked Student Model for Construction of Personal Learning Environments: Balancing Teacher Control
and Student Autonomy." Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 26.3 (2010): 369-85. AJET 26(3) Drexler (2010) - The
Networked Student Model for Construction of Personal Learning Environments: Balancing Teacher Control and Student
Autonomy. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet26/drexler.html>.
Drexler, Wendy. "Personal Learning Environments: Student Processes and Decisions." Web log post. N.p., 12 Jan. 2010. Web. 28
Oct. 2013. <http://teachweb2.blogspot.com/2010/01/personal-learning-environments-student.html>.
Greenhow, C. (2009). Social Scholarship: Applying Social Networking Technologies to Research Practices. Knowledge Quest, 37(4),
Jenkins, Henry. "Learning in a Participatory Culture: A Conversation About New Media and Education (Part Three)." Web log post.
N.p., 12 Feb. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://henryjenkins.org/2010/02/learning_in_a_participatory_cu.html>.
Mathews, Brian. "CHANGE NEEDS A BRAND: Don't Fear Labels, Leverage Them." Web log post. N.p., 25 Apr. 2013. Web. 28 Oct.
Mathews, Brian. "Curating Learning Experiences: A Future Role For Librarians?" Web log post. N.p., 5 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Oct.
Mathews, Brian. "Database vs. Database vs. Web-Scale Discovery Service: Further Thoughts on Search Failure (or: More
Clicks than Necessary?) (or: Info-pushers vs. Pedagogical Partners)." Web log post. N.p., 21 Aug. 2013. Web. 28
Oct. 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/08/21/database-vs-database-vsweb-scale-discovery-service-further-thoughts-on-search-failure-or-more-clicks-than-necessary/>.
Mathews, Brian. "The-3-Click-Dilemma: Are Library Databases Nearing the Tipping Point of Obsolescence?" Web log
post. N.p., 20 Aug. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
Mitchell, Amy, Jocelyn Kiley, Jeffrey Gottfried, and Emily Guskin. "The Role of News on Facebook." Pew Research Centers
Journalism Project RSS. N.p., 24 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.journalism.org/2013/10/24/the-role-of-news-onfacebook/>.
Sinkinson, C., Alexander, S., Hicks, A., & Kahn, M. (2012). Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental
Models of Research Guides. Portal: Libraries & The Academy, 12(1), 63-84.