In ancient times, art teachers
told their students that “finishing is better than starting.” Today, you are going to learn about the greatest artist of the 20th century and, perhaps, the greatest finisher of all-time: Pablo Picasso. “Finishing is better than starting.”
Picasso’s F T His Son
ather aught • Jose Ruiz taught brush technique. He was known for painting doves. • When he notices his son loves to draw, the lessons begin.
“The Back, The T and
The Ear” ail, While cutting out paper animals with his sister, she challenges him to start in different places. Years later, Picasso said he believed his talent was magical because he could start anywhere. Source: John Richardson, A Life of Picasso: Volume 1, 2012.
F Oil Painting of Picasso
irst • Picasso finished his first oil painting at 9 years of age. • Upon seeing it, his father said he no longer wanted to paint. Picasso’s Le Picador (1890)
Huge Desire T Build a
Personal Brand o • Pablo Picasso’s birth name: Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz • Mother’s maiden name: Maria Picasso y Lopez Picasso’s Dona Maria (1923)
The Name is The Brand
“Can you imagine me being called Ruiz? Pablo Ruiz? Diego-Jose Ruiz? Have you ever noticed the double “s” is very rare in Spanish? There’s a double “s” in Matisse, Rousseau, and Picasso.” Different signatures: Pablo Ruiz P. Ruiz P. Ruiz Picasso P. R. Picasso Pablo Picasso Paul Picasso Picasso Source: John Richardson, A Life of Picasso: Volume 1, 2012.
Barcelona School of F Arts
ine Picasso finishes a one-month entrance exam in one week. He’s immediately accepted, but often daydreams in classes.
Often Sent to Detention "For
being a bad student, I was sent to detention. I liked it there, because I took along a sketch pad and drew incessantly. I could have stayed there drawing forever."
T rauma F His Passion
for Art ueled • When he was 13, his sister was dying from diphtheria. Picasso makes a vow to God: “Save my sister and I will give up my art.” • She dies at Christmas and Picasso paints like the Devil. First Communion (1896)
Passion Points of Picasso 1.
Find your passion (drawing for Picasso). 2. Family support for focus and education. 3. Find a mentor, early on (Picasso’s father). 4. Get an education (for the sake of learning). 5. Know life events will fuel your passion.
Purpose-Driven Design Is Productive “Good
artists copy. Great artists steal.” 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Seek new experiences. Defy the status quo. Take risks. Do not copy. Plunder from the past. Look beyond your own design discipline.
Stealing is Making Something Yours
“Copying is doing exactly like someone else does. Stealing is when you take something, change it so much, the innovation is so disguised, so changed, that it looks like it belongs to you.” Source: Dr. Enrique Mallen, Forbes 2013.
“Shameless About Stealing Great Ideas”
“I learned about serif and san serif typefaces at Reed College. Ten year later, we designed the Mac to be the first computer with beautiful typography.” 30th anniversary of the Macintosh. Source: Steve Jobs, Huffington Post, 2011.
Picasso Greatly Influenced Steve Jobs
“Steve Jobs admired Picasso because he could have taken a conventional approach and done it well for the rest of his life, but Picasso (like Jobs) tried to change things.” Source: Dr. Enrique Mallen, Forbes 2013.
Purpose Points of Picasso 1.
Have an open mind to new experiences. 2. Be original. Challenge the status quo. 3. Look beyond your own design discipline. 4. Steal great ideas, but make them your own. 5. Take risks. Do not copy other people. 6. Great artists ship!
Mastering T and T ools
echniques “I am doing that which I cannot do, in order to learn how to do it.” 1. Get an education. 2. Find a creative space. 3. Research, research, research. 4. Practice, practice, practice. 5. Network, network, network.
Early F Education in School
ormal • Taught brush technique by his father, Jose Ruiz. • Attended the Barcelona School of Fine Arts Barcelona School of Fine Arts Picasso’s Le Picador (1890)
At 14 Years Old, Father
Rents a Studio • He prefers to work in solitude and silence. • Dogs, cats, and a monkey can go into the studio. • Maids could not clean (or dust) his studio.
Shared a Studio, Set the
Schedule When Picasso shares a studio, he sets the schedule for everyone’s time to paint, eat, and sleep. He prefers to work alone at night.
Skip Classes to Visit Local
Museums When he got bored, Picasso skipped school to visit museums. He loves the works of El Greco and Goya. He did his own research.
Networks With Artists • Tertulia
is an informal gathering of artists and musicians. • The Four Cats was his first network. • They talk about art, music, current events, literature and more. Sketch of The Four Cats
Joins F Avant-Garde (Vanguard) rench
• • • • • • • • Henri Matisse Guillaume Apollinaire Salvador Dali Frank Lloyd Wright Paul Gauguin Georgia O’Keefe Jackson Pollock Henry Moore • • • • • • • • Gertrude Stein Miles Davis Duke Ellington Samuel Beckett Henry Miller Isadora Duncan Virginia Woolf Andy Warhol
Proficiency Points of Picasso 1.
Move beyond just pushing pixels. 2. Get an education and learn on your own. 3. Research, research, research. 4. Practice , practice, practice. 5. Network, network, network.
Persistence Keeps You Productive “It
took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child.” 1. 2. 3. 4. Establish a routine. Develop a process. Learn from setbacks. Master different design disciplines. 5. Seek longevity. Take a long view.
Set a Routine and Stick
to It • • • • • • • • 10am: 11am: 12pm: 4pm: 8pm: 9pm: 11pm: 2am: Wake Up Eat & Exercise Start Work Siesta (or nap) End Work Eat Dinner Night Work Sleep Picasso’s Ceramic Clock
Day After Liberation Day “Paris
is liberated, but Picasso is besieged.” Picasso has so many visitors—artists, reporters, GIs, resistance fighters, art dealers. His schedule is thrown off. Picasso is forced to open up his studio every Thursday.
Developed Good Work Habits 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Produces rough sketches. Explores alternatives. Iterate his sketches. Reduces alternatives. Begins his project. Picks workable designs. Took photos in later years. Finishes his work. Documents in a journal.
Persistent with His Projects Picasso
would occasionally get stuck. The Portrait of Gertrude Stein is an example. She sat 90 times for this portrait. And, Picasso still could not get it right. He is so stressed out that he takes a short vacation to Spain. While working with clay, he figures it out. He paints her head from memory and finishes the portrait.
Mastered Different Disciplines Picasso worked
in different mediums— paintings, lithographs, etching, wood, steel, ceramics, illustrations. He would take elements from different mediums and apply it to whatever he was working on. Prints Ceramics Stage Designs Costumes Sculptures Paintings
Career Persistence: Paris or Bust
• • • • 1st visit was a failure. 2nd visit almost dies. 3rd visit was a failure. 4th visit some success. Picasso’s Self-Portrait (1900)
Persistence Points of Picasso 1.
Your creative process beats creative blocks. 2. Develop a schedule and good work habits. 3. See your setbacks as learning experiences. 4. Master new disciplines to solve problems. 5. Empty yourself, fill up with new challenges. 6. Do not have the fear to begin, again.
Early Mentor: F (Jose Ruiz)
ather • Taught him brush technique. • Stretched Picasso’s canvases. “Every time I draw a man, I instantly think of my father.” Source: O’Brien, Patrick. (1994) Picasso: A Biography
Later Mentor: Guillaume Apollinaire •
Both loved poetry, African art, & detective novels. • First critic to positively review Cubism. • Coined the term “Surrealism” to describe Picasso’s stage designs for a ballet called “Parade”.
Drew Inspiration from His T
ertulia Gertrude Stein • • • • • • • • • Gertrude Stein (Writer) Isadora Duncan (Dancer) Leo Stein (Journalist) Max Jacobs (Poet) Ernest Hemingway (Writer) Fernande Olivier (Model) Joan Miró (Sculptor, Painter) Dora Marr (Photographer) John Richardson (Biographer)
Historic Rivalry with Matisse “No
one has ever looked at Matisse’s paintings more carefully than I; and no one has looked at mine more carefully than Matisse.” Picasso (self-portrait) Matisse (self-portrait)
Their F riends Loved This
Rivalry Henri Rosseau Leo Stein Gertrude Stein • Their friends encouraged the rivalry. • Gertrude loved Picasso, Leo loved Matisse.
F riends Could Be Childish
Max Jacobs Apollinaire Matisse’s Portrait • Matisse gave Picasso a portrait of his daughter. • Picasso’s friend threw felt darts at the painting.
Matisse’s The Joy of Life
This is Matisse’s Joy of Life, which is a colorful pastoral painting. It is set in a meadow where groups of people dance, sing, talk, and make love. Picasso loathed everything about it—the colors, the nudity, the shapes, the setting, and everything. It was too artificial. The viewer is seeing things from far away.
Picasso Responds T Matisse’s Work
o One year later, Picasso produces the Young Ladies of Avignon. This painting is a complete rejection of Matisse’s Joy of Life. Instead of a pastoral setting, it is set in a brothel. The viewer is not passively looking into a meadow; the viewer must actively choose between five different prostitutes in several poses. And, some of the figures wear African masks. This painting appears in more art books than any other piece of art in the 20th century. It is an early form of Cubism. And, it is a complete rejection of Matisse.
Similar Subjects, Different Contexts It
is a similar subject (the joy of life), but they have completely different contexts. Picasso steals Matisse’s subject. Great artists steal. Matisse’s Joy of Life (1905) Picasso’s Young Ladies of Avignon (1906)
At Times, Very Competitive Rivalry
• June 16, 1931: Matisse retrospective is largest in Paris ever. • June 16, 1932: A year later, Picasso shows in the same salon: - 225 paintings - 7 statues - 6 illustrated books
Only Picasso Could Insult Matisse
When the other guests insult Matisse, Picasso is furious. He says: “I refuse to let you insult Matisse. He is our greatest painter.” When the other guests insult Matisse, Picasso is furious. He says, “I refuse to let you insult Matisse. He is our greatest painter.” You should always respect your rival.
Cubist Collaborator: Georges Braque “
The things that Picasso and I said to one another during those years will never be said again, and even if they were, no one would understand them anymore. It was like being roped together on a mountain.” —Georges Braque Source: Berger, John. 1972. The Look of Things: Selected Essays and Articles.
Partnership Points of Picasso 1.
Partnerships affect your productivity. 2. Your family sets you up for success. 3. Mentors educate and advise you. 4. Your network will inspire you. 5. Rivals push you in different ways. 6. Collaborators expand your boundaries.
26 April 1937: Guernica, Spain
It is the Spanish Civil War. On April 26, 1937, in Guernica, Spain, it is Market Day. General Franco is trying to overthrow the Spanish government. Spain is being torn apart.
F Airstrikes in Three Hours
ive In his ongoing attempt to overthrow the Spanish government, General Francisco Franco asks Adolf Hitler to bomb Guernica. Source: Russell Martin, Picasso’s War, 2012.
Hitler’s F Use of a
Blitzkrieg irst 50 aircraft with 120 airmen carrying 1,000s of pounds of bombs. They refueled, making 5 bombing runs. There is no military target. Source: Russell Martin, Picasso’s War, 2012.
The City is Completely Destroyed
Up to 80% of the town is destroyed, including a church having a wedding. The Bride survives; the Groom does not. Source: Russell Martin, Picasso’s War, 2012.
More Than 3,000 Casualties Two
days later, reporters see a Priest giving funeral rites over a mass grave. Source: Russell Martin, Picasso’s War, 2012.
Art Before Propaganda “The stand
of Picasso was quite clear. A work of art, in order to be really effective in political terms, has to work first of all as a work of art.“ --Tomas Llorens Political Imagery Artistic Merit
Elements F His Major Periods
rom • Blue Period: Uses monochrome colors to created universal images. • Rose Period: Hidden harlequins show the inhumanity of war. • Cubist Period: Overlapping images and texture added.
F Iteration of Guernica ourth
Moves the horse’s head up. Hides other images. The horse is not dead, but in incredible agony. The bull is confused.
F Design of Guernica inal
“Sun” is now a light bulb, which is called “bombia” in Spanish. Artificial light reminiscent of a prison. Everyone is trapped.
Partnership of Dora Maar •
• • • • Finds Picasso a studio. Photographs his progress. Puts finishing touches on it. Only artist to co-create. “Weeping Woman” model.
Initially Rejected, Later Revered •
Clement Greenberg: “Guernica is jerky and too compact.” (1937) • Pablo Picasso: “I stand for Peace against War.” (1953) • Nelson Rockefeller: “A brilliant, anti-war masterpiece.” (1954)
5 P’s of Productivity You
can produce like Picasso. It takes passion, purpose, proficiency, persistence, and partnerships. We do not want you toget away without talking about the unspoken P, which is…..price.
Accused of Theft by Diego
Rivera “I've never believed in God, but I believe in Picasso.” “Picasso paces around (the Louvre) like a dog in search of game.“ When Diego Rivera accuses Picasso of plagiarism, Pablo calls it … collaboration. Maynard Dixon’s Portrait of Diego Rivera
T the Mother of T
of His Kids o wo “Women are either goddesses or doormats.” She tells Picasso that she is neither one. She takes their children and leaves. Picasso pays little, if any, child support.
After Publication of “Life with
Picasso” • She writes a tell-all book. • Picasso refuses to see their children: - Claude is 14 - Paloma is 12 • They are turned away at his funeral. • Claude is the executor of the estate today.
Who Do You See in
the Mirror? You can produce like Picasso but you don’t have to pay the same price. We all go through the 5 P’s of productivity. To what extreme is totally up to you! • What price are you willing to pay? Picasso’s Girl Before a Mirror