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Linux getting started_methodologies and practices-hustcalm


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A unified linux getting started guide which addresses the methodologies(how to get to know Linux and the recommended books and approaches) and practices( it is the best way for improving your linux skills).

Also some technical parts on Shell and Makefile.

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Linux getting started_methodologies and practices-hustcalm

  1. 1. Linux Getting Started Methodologies and Practices @hustcalm
  2. 2. Outline ● What is Linux ● How to play with Linux ● What's inside the Books ● Methodologies ● Practice and Practice ● Shell and Makefile ● Revisited
  3. 3. What is Linux ● ● ● ● Actually just an OS Kernel Always refered as GNU/Linux(See Open Source Unix? (Not accurate, cause Unix is a brand now and has its own specification called Single Unix Specification, see more reference/LSB 简介 .pdf) An OS who has boosted the Server Macket(LAMP for example) ● Has lots of distros(See ● For Linux Detailed Intro, see: reference/linux/linux 趣话 .pdf
  4. 4. How to play with Linux ● ● ● ● Install one distro(Debian, Centos, SUSE, Ubuntu, Mint, Arch, Gentoo, etc) Get familiar with the terminal, the shell and the desktop Environment(KDE, GNOME, etc) Use Linux for your daily job and as your development platform Write your own Linux applications and share it to others freely ● Look into the kernel and do something really cool:-) ● `man` will be your best friend ever! ● See another slide for warming up: reference/linux/linuxgettingstarted-slideshare.pdf
  5. 5. What's inside the Books Beginner ● Linux Pocket Guide(2nd Edition) ● Linux in a Nutshell(6th Edition) ● Running Linux(5th Edition) ● The Linux Command Line(aka TLCL)
  6. 6. What's inside the Books Developer ● Advanced Linux Programming ● The Art of UNIX Programming ● Advanced Programming in the Unix Environment
  7. 7. What's inside the Books Next ● LFS (Linux From Scratch) ● Linux Device Drivers ● Understanding the Linux Kernel ● Professional Linux Kernel Architecture ● Linux Kernel Development
  8. 8. Methodologies ● Use it before getting to know it ● Get a quick overview of your Linux Distro ● Solve problems using Linux ● Look inside what is really happening ● Figure out How it works ● Help others to get started just as you did!
  9. 9. Middle Break Questions???
  10. 10. Practice and Practice ● ● ● Why? Practice makes perfect things and a good Linux user. Practice what? Basic Linux Commands, using the powerful utilities(find, grep, diff, sed, awk, make, etc), Boost your terminal and shell, try to develop an application, make your best to get a better kernel or write a good driver if you can... How to? Never leave your eyes off your screen and your fingers off your keyboard:-)
  11. 11. Shell ● ● Interface Between Users and OS(Kernel) An Interpreter which is actually a normal application ● A powerful script language ● Many choices(Bash, Csh, Ksh, Zsh, etc) ● See: reference/shell/bash-columbia_university.ppt reference/shell/bash-pgming.ppt reference/shell/Bash Shell 编程 .pdf
  12. 12. Makefile ● ● Makefile is just a shell script that will be interpreted by make Make is a tool aiming to automatically build and manage your projects ● Lab Time: Makefiles by example ● Beyond make: Autotools(autoconf, automake) ● See: reference/makefile/ 跟我一起写 Makefile.pdf reference/autotools/Autotools_ a practitioner's guide to Autoconf, Automake and Libtool
  13. 13. Revisited ● ● ● ● Linux overview(History, commands and books) Shell Scripting(Use Bash specifically) Makefiles howto and Autotools getting started Linux is just there, go get it if you like!
  14. 14. The End Thank You!