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Rehabilitation situation in vietnam

Rehabilitation situation in vietnam

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Rehabilitation situation in vietnam

  1. 1. REHABILITATION SITUATIONREHABILITATION SITUATION IN VIETNAMIN VIETNAM Cam Ba Thuc. MDCam Ba Thuc. MD
  2. 2. ContentsContents • Vietnam in brief • Overview of history of healthcare in Vietnam • Overview of rehabilitation medicine in Vietnam • Law and policy related to disable person in Vietnam • Rehabilitation Medicine: Network and Achievement • Orientation in the future
  3. 3. ThankfulnessThankfulness • First of all, I would like to give special thank to Rector of Mahidol University, Dean and Deputy Dean of Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, give me a special chance to see a beautiful country Kingdom of Thailand and also a special occasion to study, improve my knowledge and exchange challenge with Prof, Dr, PT and OT in Siriraj Hospital. • I also give special thank to Prof. Chirayu Auewarakul, Associate.Prof. Witsanu Kumthornthip had helped me so much when I was preparing documents to leave for Thailand. • Thanks every body in here to give me a gold time to give talk. I hope that I will become familiar with every people in here soon;
  4. 4. hot dispute region with China Thanh Hoa province (my hospital) Middle region South region Equatorial line South East Asia Region North region Hanoi capital
  5. 5. Vietnam in brieVietnam in brieff • Region: South East Asia • Area: 331.698 km², divided into 63 provinces. • Population: about 90.000.000 (Statistic 2002) • Ethnic: 54 race, in those Vietnamese occupied 85% (73.594.427 people) and 53 race are minority ethnic occupied 15%; • Economic: developing country, orientation market economic, open to every countries world wide. • Dr. Cam Ba Thuc is Thai minority ethnic; with population of 1.550.423 people (1.8%) (Statistic 2009).
  6. 6. History of Healthcare in VietnamHistory of Healthcare in Vietnam
  7. 7. Healthcare at feudal periodHealthcare at feudal period • Period 1010 – 1026: Ly Dynasty open Health Care Bureau, most of medicine man were Monks. • Period 1226 – 1339: Tran Dynasty established Health Care Institution, starting training medicine man. At this time, Sir Tue Tinh (born 1330) was a distinguish medicine man. • 17th Century (Le Dynasty): Sir Le Huu Trac (1720 - 1791) was a distinguish medicine man. • Till now, many prescriptions and publication of two distinguish medicine man still being used in Vietnam. • Therapy: manual medicine and acupunctures. • Medication: plant, herbs and aroma.
  8. 8. Sir Le Huu Trac (1720 - 1791)Sir Le Huu Trac (1720 - 1791) distinguish medicine man of Vietnamdistinguish medicine man of Vietnam • Religion of medical arts dedicated to protecting human life, take care of the worry…. • Medical profession is an honorable profession, practitioners must study hard and well….
  9. 9. Healthcare at French colonial timeHealthcare at French colonial time • Since 1858, French people occupied Vietnam • Year 1888 French colony established Department of Indochina Public Health, and started to set up some hospital in North, Middle and South of Vietnam. • Year 1902: Indochina Governor (of French) established Indochina Medical School (Ecole de Médecine de l’Indochine) in Hanoi (now known is Hanoi Medical University), this Medical School consist of a school, two hospital (now known are VietDuc and BachMai) and an Institute of Anatomy. Training doctor (4 year in Vietnam and two year in France); nurse and resident practice.
  10. 10. Healthcare at French colonial timeHealthcare at French colonial time • The first Rector of Indochina Medical School was Doctor Alexandre Yersin (very well-known person), He found bacteria named Yersinia pestis caused Plague Disease. • At this period: founded 4 Pasteur Institutes: Hanoi, Nhatrang, Dalat, Saigon (Hochiminh city). • This was a starting point of modern medicine in Vietnam, many field quite good such as operation, internal medicine, bacteria, parasite and immunology were developed but I don’t know that the rehabilitation medicine were noticed or not.
  11. 11. Dr. Alexandre YersinDr. Alexandre Yersin First Rector of Indochina Medical SchoolFirst Rector of Indochina Medical School BBig friend of Vietnamig friend of Vietnam
  12. 12. Healthcare at Vietnam war timeHealthcare at Vietnam war time North of Vietnam: Democratic and Republic of VN - Subsidies and close economy, lack of food and many facility, this is very difficult time in the North; - Has several central hospital; every provinces has provincial general hospital; every districts has district medical centre; - Has several Medical School, training doctor and nurse. - Lack medication and medical equipment, has low quality of health care; - Several central hospitals and provincial general hospitals has department of physical therapy, all physician were trained from communist nation such as Soviet Union (Russia), East Germany, or China ..etc..
  13. 13. Healthcare at Vietnam war timeHealthcare at Vietnam war time South of Vietnam: Republic of Vietnam: - Open and market economy, has some modern hospital; - All medical standard based on American Standard. - Has Saigon Medical School; - Has many qualified doctor - Rehabilitation medicine were quite developed; - Till now, some Hospital in Hochiminh city has old rehabilitation department in good condition. - Published some Textbook of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation; - Published Dictionary (English-French-Vietnamese) of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation.
  14. 14. Rehabilitation MedicineRehabilitation Medicine Founded and Development in VietnamFounded and Development in Vietnam
  15. 15. After 1975, ended Vietnam warAfter 1975, ended Vietnam war • After the war We have many invalid people, many people suffer from orange agent and many people had mental illness because of war. • Several Centre for Care Invalid and Centre for Orthopedic were established, provide services for invalid people such as: + Healthcare + Provide prosthesis and orthotic devices + Orthopedic surgery + Care for invalid people with spinal cord injury; brain injury; amputee …etc…
  16. 16. After 1975, ended Vietnam warAfter 1975, ended Vietnam war • Some doctors was sent to study in Netherlands about care and rehabilitation for invalid people with spinal cord injury (SCI), most of them are retired now; • Many invalid people with SCI still alive and well now. • Many invalid people can not return their home, they have to spend their lifetime in these centre. • Period 1975-1989: border dispute with Cambodia. • Period 1979-1980: border dispute with China • Now many Centre for Care Invalid People still existence
  17. 17. Founded and DevelopmentFounded and Development of Rehabilitation Medicine in Vietnamof Rehabilitation Medicine in Vietnam • Year 1988, Founded Rehabilitation Faculty in Hanoi Medical University. • Training for medical students • Training for doctors • Since 1996, training residents doctors in Rehabilitation Centre of Bachmai Hospital. • Since 1997, traning master and fellow doctors in Rehabilitation Centre of Bachmai Hospital.
  18. 18. Founded and DevelopmentFounded and Development of Rehabilitation Medicine in Vietnamof Rehabilitation Medicine in Vietnam • All middle level medical school has rehabilitation department, training for middle level medical students. • Most of Central Hospitals has Rehabilitation dept. • Many Provincial Hospitals has Rehabilitation dept; • Several district hospitals has Rehabilitation Medicine Unit in Department of Traditional Medicine . • Vietnam Rehabilitation Association (VINAREHA) was established in 1991. • Three school of medical technique was established (Haiduong – Danang – Hochiminh city) to training Physical Therapist.
  19. 19. Founded and DevelopmentFounded and Development of Rehabilitation Medicine in Vietnamof Rehabilitation Medicine in Vietnam • Year 1999: established Central Rehabilitation Hospital in Thanh Hoa province; • Many province established Rehabilitation Hospital; • Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) was carried out since 1987, this program was sponsored by Health Volunteer Oversea (HVO), Vietnam Veteran American Fund (VVAF), AIFO of Italia ..etc.. • Since 2003, Handicap International (Belgium) helped Vietnam to set up Spinal Cord Injury Network.
  20. 20. Law and Policy related to disable personLaw and Policy related to disable person in Vietnamin Vietnam
  21. 21. Law and Policy related to disable personLaw and Policy related to disable person • The Nation Constitution (1946, 1959, 1980, 1992, 2012) confirm that disabled persons are equal citizens; • The Ordinance on disabled persons adopted by National Congress in 1998; • State president signed agreement with International Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities in 2007; this was adopted by National Congress in 2014 • Law on disabled persons adopted by National Congress in 2010; had effected since 1st day of January 2011. • Prime Minister had approved scheme assistance for disable person period 2006 – 2010.
  22. 22. Law and Policy related to disable personLaw and Policy related to disable person • Prime Minister had approved scheme developing healthcare network to year 2020: consist of developing rehabilitation hospital; • Prime Minister had approved scheme assistance for disable person period 2012 – 2020; some major aim are: “ Every year, 90% of people with disabilities have access to health services under various forms; 90% of children from birth to 6 years old be screened for early detection of congenital defects, developmental disorders and early intervention; about 70,000 children and adults with disabilities are provided service of orthopedic surgery, rehabilitation and appropriate aids”./.
  23. 23. Law and Policy related to disable personLaw and Policy related to disable person • Prime Minister had approved Target Health Programs period 2012 – 2015; in this consist of CBR program; • Most of disable person are provided health insurance, monthly living expenditure. • The Circular Letter No 12 year 1993 of Ministry of Health, Its regulation: every hospital around nation must have department of rehabilitation. • Since 2007, Minister of Health directed to enhance developing medical rehabilitation. • Rehabilitation Medicine was concerned in recent years
  24. 24. Rehabilitation MedicineRehabilitation Medicine Network and AchievementNetwork and Achievement
  25. 25. NetworkNetwork • Central Line: Rehabilitation Centre of Bach Mai hospital is the highest of academy Central Rehabilitation Hospital (Thanh Hoa province) 100% of Central Hospital has Rehabilitation departments
  26. 26. NetworkNetwork • Provincial line:  Vietnam has 63 provinces, in those 38 provinces has Rehabilitation Hospital.  98% of Provincial General Hospital has Rehabilitation department;  There are 23 hospitals or Medical Centers belonged to other Ministry (such as Ministry of Defend, Public Security, Labor – Invalid and Social Affair, Industry and Trade, Transportation), all of these has rehabilitation department.
  27. 27. NetworkNetwork • District Line:  Most of District Hospital has Traditional Medicine department, there are Traditional Medicine Doctors works in these place;  Under the Regulation of Ministry of Health, all Traditional Medicine department of district hospital take over rehabilitation service for disable patients.  In these, Doctors and Nurses were trained Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation;
  28. 28. NetworkNetwork • Commune Line:  Every commune has a CHS (Community Health Station);  Every CHS has a staff who take over the task on rehabilitation medicine;  Task on rehabilitation medicine consist of rehabilitation for inpatients and outpatients, follow up patients in community, participate community based rehabilitation;
  29. 29. Vietnam Rehabilitation AssociationVietnam Rehabilitation Association • Abbreviation: VINAREHA • Consist of over 1.500 participants • All participants are professors, doctors, nurses, physical therapists from central line to commune line • Chairman: Associate Prof. Tran Trong Hai • Office: Hanoi School of Public Health • Has its regulation, approved by Ministry of Inside Affair
  30. 30. Human ResourcesHuman Resources • Doctors:  Rehabilitation doctors  Residents doctors on Rehabilitation  Fellow doctors on Rehabilitation (PhD)  Associate Professor: 08 (retired 05)  Professor: 01 (retired) • Physical Therapist  Not have Occupation Therapist
  31. 31. Education and TrainingEducation and Training • Hanoi Medical University: training doctor, resident, fellow doctor. • Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy: training doctor; bachelor of rehabilitation. • Hochiminh University of Medicine and Pharmacy: training doctor, physical therapist. • Haiduong University of Medical Technique: Training physical therapist; • Danang University of Medical Technique: Training physical therapist; • Viet cot School (Ministry of Labor Invalid and Social Affair): training technician of prosthesis and orthotics
  32. 32. AchievementAchievement • Consultation: every year 1.092.405 patients (statistic 2012) • Inpatients: every year 190.466 patients (statistic 2012) • Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR): CBR program cover 51/63 province; every rehabilitation hospital has their own CBR program depend on policy of province; • Screen for patients under 6 year old and early intervention: every rehabilitation hospital has their own program depend on policy of province (till now not have any statistic).
  33. 33. ChallengeChallenge • Some provinces not have Rehabilitation Hospital; • Some provincial general hospital not have rehabilitation department (remote area); • Lack of Human Resource (especially rehabilitation doctor; Occupation Therapist); • Low investment; Lack of Medical Equipment (especially high tech equipment); • Not have much experience on building rehabilitation network, training doctor and PT, not have any curriculum on training OT in medical school
  34. 34. Weak points of expertiseWeak points of expertise • Evaluation: - Evaluation of perceptive, cognitive, intellectual, - Evaluation of language, speech, - Evaluation of swallowing disorders (dysphagia), • Rehabilitation: - Training for patients with disorders as above - Respiratory rehabilitation undeveloped properly - Robotic, engineering and informatic application
  35. 35. Orientation in futureOrientation in future • Training human resource, • Building medical rehabilitation network • Invest more modern equipment for rehabilitation hospital and rehabilitation departments • Improve quality of rehabilitation services • Continuing community based rehabilitation • Making appropriate policy on rehabilitation, especially for rehabilitation workers.
  36. 36. Orientation in futureOrientation in future • Increase research sciences on medical rehabilitation and publish more documents • Enhance ability of rehabilitation faculty of all Medical School; • Enhance prevention of accidents, screen for early detection and early intervention • Building curriculum for training OT • International cooperation on rehabilitation
  37. 37. Thanks for your attention !

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