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Building Reference Architectures for the Industrial IoT

Building Reference Architectures for the Industrial IoT - Alina Chircu, Bentley University; Eldar Sultanow, Capgemini Germany

Workshop on Smart Manufacturing in Aerospace and Automotive Industries
AIS Special Interest Group for Big Data Application in Processes (SIGBD), AMCIS 2017, Boston, USA

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Building Reference Architectures for the Industrial IoT

  1. 1. Building Reference Architectures for the Industrial IoT Workshop on Smart Manufacturing in Aerospace and Automotive Industries Alina Chircu, Bentley University Eldar Sultanow, Capgemini Germany AIS Special Interest Group for Big Data Application in Processes (SIG BD), AMCIS 2017, Boston, USA
  2. 2. Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 2Blank.potx 1 Please discover "Update Agenda" in your Capgemini Tools to get all the agenda slides and to refresh them; there is also a layout without picture in the background available Agenda  Objectives  Summary  Next Steps1
  3. 3. Industrial IOT Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 3Blank.potx The Internet of Things (IoT)  Wireless interconnections among “things” w/ sensors (personal devices, appliances etc.) equipped with data-gathering sensors  Conservative prediction: 26 billion IoT devices worldwide by 2020 (Lee and Lee, 2015) Industrial IoT  Wireless interconnections among “things” w/ sensors (personal devices, appliances etc.) equipped with data-gathering sensors  Conservative prediction: 26 billion IoT devices worldwide by 2020 (Lee and Lee, 2015)
  4. 4. The need for IoT Architectures Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 4Blank.potx ACROSS DIFFERENT INTERDEPENDENT INDUSTRIES • Architectures = models • Driving factors • IoT technology proliferation (types, suppliers) • Cross-functional, end-to-end internal processes • Interconnected, global external processes (supply chains) • Value chains and value ecosystems • A need for architectures • Helping companies innovate by developing appropriate digital product platforms • Making sense of recommendations to support a company’s digital strategy • Developing interconnected business platforms
  5. 5. Types of Architectures Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 5Blank.potx ACROSS DIFFERENT LEVELS • Company level = enterprise architecture (EA) • “business and operating model, organizational structure, business processes, data, applications and technology” (Ahlemann et al., 2012) • Industry level = reference architecture (RA) • high-level, organizing view for an industry, including its processes, stakeholders, organizational, informational and technology structure (Czarnecki and Dietze, 2017)
  6. 6. Goals of RAs for Specific Industries Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 6Blank.potx Help new (IT) suppliers to quickly get knowledgeable on industry specifics Create transparency in terms of which technology is used for what purpose Provide templates for a technology solution, capturing both business- facing and technology- facing perspectives Help companies & their partners to build interconnected digital business platforms
  7. 7. Ongoing RA Projects Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 7Blank.potx  Internal Capgemini report  Chircu, A. M., Sultanow, E., and Sözer, L. D. “A Reference Architecture for Digitalization in the Pharmaceutical Industry,” Informatik 2017 & Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI), Gesellschaft für Informatik, Bonn, 2017 Pharmaceuticals  Energy generation, delivery & infrastructure, customer interaction, customer management, market & pricing, risk management  Sultanow et al. (in progress) Energy
  8. 8. Research Process Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 8Blank.potx • Analysis of architectural frameworks o Many frameworks, no general preference or standard, most have basic elements (business, processes, data, sw, hw), sometimes companies develop their own • Practitioner feedback o Standards-setting communities • Iteration • Analysis of existing technologies and corresponding RAs o Specific technologies, not integrated for IoT • Selection of architectural framework o Open Group Architectural Framework (TOGAF) • Dissemination o Articles, presentations • RA development o Industrial IoT-specific issues o Industry-specific issues 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  9. 9. RA Elements Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 9Blank.potx Architectural domains (TOGAF) • Business architecture: strategies, business capabilities, and processes • Data architecture: storage and access of data • Application architecture: application design and interactions • Technology architecture: hw & sw to support other 3 domains Enabling technologies • IoT: tags (RFD/datamatrix), sensors, wireless networks, etc. • Other – big data, analytics, etc. Technology interaction steps/stages • Tag, Sense & Connect • Ingest • Analyze & Prepare • Utilize Interaction industries • Value chains and ecosystems RAELEMENTS
  10. 10. RA „Slices“ Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 10Blank.potx
  11. 11. RA Example – Pharma IoT „Slice“ Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 11Blank.potx BusinessDataApplicationTechnology Tag, Sense & Connect Ingest Analyse & Prepare Utilize Wireless Network IoT AutoID Cloud Drug Serialization Clinical Trials Cool Chain Sensors Tracking PlatformCooltrax Bosch Packaging XQS TempSense ezTRACK Newsteo WebMonitor Condition Monitoring / Cool Chain Monitoring Therapy Management Drug Order Automation Track-&-Trace, Indoor Positioning Mettler Toledo Locational Data Indoor Locations Outdoor Locations Sensor Data Temperatures Humidity Data Maps Locational Rules Permissions Epidemiological Research Shock Sensor Data Senion IPS Locatible Computational Genomics
  12. 12. Challenges Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 12Blank.potx • Complexity • Technologies • Industries • Changing technology landscape • Cooperation of industry participants • Process details • Value chain cooperation • Standards • Industry consortia • Standards-setting organizations
  13. 13. Contact information Copyright © Capgemini 2016. All Rights Reserved 13Blank.potx Prof. Alina Chircu achircu@bentley.edu Bentley University Insert contact picture Insert contact picture Dr. Eldar Sultanow eldar.sultanow@capgemini.com Capgemini Germany
  14. 14. About Capgemini With more than 140,000 people in over 40 countries, Capgemini is one of the world's foremost providers of consulting, technology and outsourcing services. The Group reported 2013 global revenues of EUR 10.1 billion. Together with its clients, Capgemini creates and delivers business and technology solutions that fit their needs and drive the results they want. A deeply multicultural organization, Capgemini has developed its own way of working, the Collaborative Business ExperienceTM, and draws on Rightshore®, its worldwide delivery model. Rightshore® is a trademark belonging to Capgemini The information contained in this presentation is proprietary. Copyright © 2016 Capgemini. All rights reserved. www.capgemini.com

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