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From DevOps to NoOps

Les Frost, Senior Technical Architect - Capgemini

The DevOps movement is establishing itself within many organisations. Many people are asking “How do I do DevOps?” or “Can you tell me the recommended DevOps tool stack?”
By the time many organisations adopt DevOps, will the rise of serverless computing such as AWS Lambda mean that they are already out-of-date? The debate is on-going as to whether serverless computing (i.e. outsourcing the management of servers so you can focus on building that critical business functionality), will move organisations from DevOps to NoOps. AWS Lambda enables users to run code without provisioning or managing servers. With Lambda, users can run code for virtually any type of application or back end service – all with zero administration. Just upload your code and Lambda takes care of everything required to run and scale your code with high availability. You can set up your
code to automatically trigger from other AWS services or call it directly from any web or mobile app.

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From DevOps to NoOps

  1. 1. 1 From DevOps to NoOps Les Frost Senior Technical Architect - Capgemini
  2. 2. 2 Introductions  Les Frost  Head of Technology  Public Sector Digital and DevOps Unit  http://linkedin.com/in/les-frost  https://twitter.com/lesf99  Builds on a presentation by Graham Taylor  Head of Platform Engineering  Engineering Lead Applied Innovation Environment London  https://github.com/tayzlor  https://twitter.com/g_taylor
  3. 3. 3 From DevOps to NoOps • DevOps establishing itself within organisations. • Lots of questions about how to implement it • It’s not easy. It requires difficult cultural change • By the time organisations adopt DevOps will they be out of date? • Serverless computing outsources management of servers • Leaving you to focus on critical business functionality • Will this push organisations from DevOps to NoOps? • AWS Lambda and other serverless technologies lets you run code without provisioning or managing servers .
  4. 4. 4 How many times have you been asked "How do I do DevOps?" "Can you tell me our recommended DevOps toolstack?“ "What do you think of this DevOps product?“
  5. 5. 5 The « DevOps » tools landscape..
  6. 6. 6 Organisations think they can buy DevOps in a box
  7. 7. 7 Will organisations make it in time? By the time many enterprise organisations adopt "DevOps" they may already be out of date
  8. 8. 8 What if we’re too slow to market? Disruption is everywhere and will affect all organisations Shouldn’t we be focusing on critical business functionality?
  9. 9. 9 The problem with DevOps ...it makes the developer part of the operations team, and that can screech enterprise innovation and agility to a halt until it’s working well.
  10. 10. 10 The Dream What if you could tell your IT organisation that their web app can have 99.99% availability and no servers that need to be patched or updated or maintained. Nothing to crash or get hacked or set off someone’s pager at 2am in the morning. Instead, focus on the real problems you are solving and where you provide value
  11. 11. 11 The Evolution of Architecture Monolith
  12. 12. 12 Micro-Services
  13. 13. 13 API Driven Development
  14. 14. 14 The evolution of compute and storage Physical Servers and Discs
  15. 15. 15 Virtual Machines
  16. 16. 16 Containers
  17. 17. 17 Remember That Dream ?
  18. 18. 18 Serverless Disclaimer: There are servers (you just don't need to worry about them) It’s about standing on the shoulders of the tech giants (and cool startups).
  19. 19. 19 Serverless is about (micro) functionality When you have an idea, it’s usually something like: “I want it to do this” and you don’t usually say: “And I want it to be in this data centre, on these machines, with this spec”
  20. 20. 20 Focus On How to get more users, marketing, and the 20 million other things far more important to your business. Real problems. Your code. That's it.
  21. 21. 21 Care less about • Managing uptime • Server maintenance • Upgrades • Security vulnerabilities
  22. 22. 22 Haven’t we seen this before? If you've built a static website then you can call yourself a serverless hipster
  23. 23. 23 This isn't just about developers it’s also about cost • With containers/virtualisation you have infrastructure running waiting to process requests • If you are using auto scaling you still need a minimum infrastructure footprint and this costs money • With serverless computing there aren’t any servers sitting there. The functionality is spun up in response to the request • So you only get charged when your code actually running.
  24. 24. 24 Serverless unpacked  BaaS: Backend as a service  FaaS: Function as a service  http://martinfowler.com/articles/serverless.html
  25. 25. 25 "Backend" services
  26. 26. 26 Function as a service  AWS Lambda lets you run code without provisioning or managing servers.  With Lambda, you can run code for virtually any type of application or backend service - all with zero administration.  Just upload your code and Lambda takes care of everything required to run and scale your code with high availability. You can set up your code to automatically trigger from other AWS services or call it directly from any web or mobile app.
  27. 27. 27 Function as a service
  28. 28. 28 Serverless Architecture
  29. 29. 29 Example 1: Web application
  30. 30. 30 Example 2 : Amazon Echo Hackathon
  31. 31. 31 The future comes with tradeoffs • Less visibility • You can't fix it yourself, or add a feature • The service may protect itself at your expense • Shared limits
  32. 32. 32 Challenges • End-to-end debugging • Monitoring • Tooling immaturity • Occasional latency issues • Patterns are still emerging
  33. 33. 33 Demo Time Amazon Developer Console. Here’s we can see how we configure the Alexa voice service. https://developer.amazon.com/edw/home.html#/ Now let’s look at the AWS Lambda management console. This is where we define our serverless function. https://console.aws.amazon.com/lambda/home?region=us-east- 1#/functions?display=list If you want to see this working in real life you can follow it on Periscope or better still pop down to Conference room 3 on the ground floor to chat to the team.
  34. 34. 34 Conclusions • Think carefully about costs and timescale of implementing DevOps • It’s not easy and it will take a lot of time • Could this time and effort be better focused on critical business functionality? • Serverless computing outsources management of servers • Leaving you to focus on critical business functionality • Will this push organisations from DevOps to NoOps?

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