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How Big Data is Reducing Costs and Improving Outcomes in Health Care

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There is no better example of the important role that data plays in our lives than in matters of our health and our healthcare. There’s a growing wealth of health-related data out there, and it’s playing an increasing role in improving patient care, population health, and healthcare economics.
Join this talk to hear how MapR customers are using big data and advanced analytics to address a myriad of healthcare challenges—from patient to payer.
We will cover big data healthcare trends and production use cases that demonstrate how to deliver data-driven healthcare applications

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How Big Data is Reducing Costs and Improving Outcomes in Health Care

  1. 1. 11© 2017 MapR Technologies Big Data in Healthcare Carol McDonald @caroljmcdonald
  2. 2. 22© 2017 MapR Technologies The Motivation for Big Data: Poor ROI •  USA spends a lot more per capita •  US Health System ranks last among eleven countries (OECD) –  healthy lives, access, quality, efficiency
  3. 3. 33© 2017 MapR Technologies Who Knew Healthcare could be so complicated?
  4. 4. 44© 2017 MapR Technologies Value Based Care & Value Based Reimbursement Incentives for Technology: •  Improve coordination and outcome •  shifting from fee-for-service •  to value based data driven incentives
  5. 5. 55© 2017 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies The Data
  6. 6. 66© 2017 MapR Technologies Where is the Big Data Opportunity? McKinsey Global Institute
  7. 7. 77© 2017 MapR Technologies Where is the Big Data Opportunity? According to McKinsey Global Institute the big data opportunity: •  Claims –  utilization of care •  Pharmaceutical –  clinical trials •  Clinical Data –  Electronic Medical Records •  Patient Behavior and Population Health lab EMR / EHR Doctor’s notes Claims images HL7 Social Media
  8. 8. 88© 2017 MapR Technologies Building a Healthcare Data Lake on MapR Data Lake Claims Clinical Pharmacy EMR Logs and Notes 3rd Party Additional Data CB Header data, Social, ... Historical procedures, co-morbidities (prof & inst.) Lab results, vital signs, ... Dr. Notes, Customer call logs, emails Licensing, death master, … Electronic Medical Records, images & text Prescriptions, adherence
  9. 9. 99© 2017 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies Big Data Use Cases
  10. 10. 1010© 2017 MapR Technologies Patient Data Management Analyzed Unstructured Data Patient 360 View Lab EMR / EHR Analysts Doctor’s notes Claims Images HL7 Social Media Providers MapR Converged Data Platform
  11. 11. 1111© 2017 MapR Technologies Reducing Fraud Waste and Abuse with Big Data Analytics •  Healthcare Fraud >$60 billion yr •  UnitedHealthcare: –  2200% ROI using MapR for Fraud •  Medicare/Medicaid prevented >$210.7 million fraud 1 year Machine Learning Model EDI Claim Fraud Score
  12. 12. 1212© 2017 MapR Technologies Predictive Analytics to Improve Outcomes • Early Diagnosis of sepsis, CHF • Predicting risk of readmission • Matching treatments Early Detection of Congestive Heart Failure Sun, Jimeng, Large-scale Patient Similarity Learning for health analytics, Georgia Tech
  13. 13. 1313© 2017 MapR Technologies Predictive Analytics/ Machine Learning •  Aetna Labs predict future risk of metabolic syndrome –  https://www.healthcare-informatics.com/article/how-aetna-using-big-data-give-patients- personalized-care •  Optum Labs data from 150 million patient records gives insight about what works best –  http://www.modernhealthcare.com/article/20150926/MAGAZINE/309269979
  14. 14. 1414© 2017 MapR Technologies Real Time Monitoring and Alerts Medical Devices Stream Stream Stream Dashboards Global Analytics & Alerting
  15. 15. 1515© 2017 MapR Technologies Why combine IOT with Machine Learning? •  Cheaper sensors and machine learning are making it possible for doctors to rapidly apply smart medicine to their patients’ cases –  https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-smart-medicine-solution-to-the-health-care- crisis-1499443449
  16. 16. 1616© 2017 MapR Technologies Why combine IOT with Machine Learning? •  A Stanford team has shown that a machine-learning model can identify arrhythmias from an EKG better than an expert –  https://www.technologyreview.com/s/608234/the-machines-are-getting-ready-to-play- doctor/
  17. 17. 1717© 2017 MapR Technologies Applying Machine Learning to Live Patient Data –  https://www.healthitoutcomes.com/doc/applying-machine-learning-to-live- data-0001
  18. 18. 1818© 2017 MapR Technologies Real Time Monitoring Potential •  CDC: chronic diseases—such as heart disease—are the major causes of sickness and health care costs in the nation •  McKinsey: Better management of congestive heart failure could reduce treatment costs by a billion dollars annually
  19. 19. 1919© 2017 MapR Technologies Why combine IOT with Machine Learning? •  Connected care ensuring quicker Sepsis treatment: –  Blood pressure, pulse rates and oxygen levels from monitoring devices combined with machine learning to provide alerts –  http://www.computerweekly.com/news/450422258/Putting-sepsis-algorithms-into- electronic-patient-records
  20. 20. 2020© 2017 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies Solution Architecture
  21. 21. 2121© 2017 MapR Technologies Serve DataStore DataCollect Data What Do We Need to Do ? Process DataData Sources images ? ? ? ?
  22. 22. 2222© 2017 MapR Technologies Collect the Data with NFS mounted on MapR-XD •  Data Ingest: –  File Based: NFS with MapR-FS •  Move hot data to $$ storage •  Move cold data to cheaper MapR- XD Collect Data MapR-FS Data Sources images NFS $$$ Storage NFS RDBMS Data Warehouse NFS Unlimited Inexpensive Storage
  23. 23. 2323© 2017 MapR Technologies Collect the Events with MapR Streams Consumers Consumers Consumers Producers Producers Producers MapR-FS Kafka API Kafka API
  24. 24. 2424© 2017 MapR Technologies Collect Data Batch processing MapR-FS Process Data •  Spark Parallel processing high throughput fast •  Hive, Pig, MapReduce slower but can be simpler for batch file processing
  25. 25. 2525© 2017 MapR Technologies Apache Spark Distributed Datasets Distributed Dataset Node Executor P4 Node Executor P1 P3 Node Executor P2 partitioned Partition 1 8213034705, 95, 2.927373, jake7870, 0…… Partition 2 8213034705, 115, 2.943484, Davidbresler2, 1…. Partition 3 8213034705, 100, 2.951285, gladimacowgirl, 58… Partition 4 8213034705, 117, 2.998947, daysrus, 95…. •  Data read into Memory Cache •  Partitioned across a cluster •  Operated on in parallel •  Cached in memory for iterations
  26. 26. 2626© 2017 MapR Technologies Streaming Data Stream processing Process Data •  scalable, high-throughput, stream processing of live data raw enriched alerts
  27. 27. 2727© 2017 MapR Technologies Streaming Analytics
  28. 28. 2828© 2017 MapR Technologies Store the Data with MapR-DB Key Range xxxx xxxx Key Range xxxx xxxx Key Range xxxx xxxx Key colB col C val val val xxx val val Key colB col C val val val xxx val val Key colB col C val val val xxx val val Fast Reads and Writes by Key! Data is automatically partitioned by Key Range!
  29. 29. 2929© 2017 MapR Technologies Store Lots of Data with NoSQL MapR-DB bottleneck Storage ModelRDBMS MapR-DB Normalized schema à Joins for queries can cause bottleneck De-Normalized schema à Data that is read together is stored together Key colB colC xxx val val xxx val val Key colB colC xxx val val xxx val val Key colB colC xxx val val xxx val val
  30. 30. 3030© 2017 MapR Technologies What is Drill? •  SQL engine on “everything” •  Files: JSON, CSV, Parquet •  Structured formats – Ex: parquet •  Ecosystem components – Hbase, MapRDB, Hive •  Schema optional •  interactive response times
  31. 31. 3131© 2017 MapR Technologies Apache Drill Architecture •  massively parallel processing execution engine •  distributed query processing
  32. 32. 3232© 2017 MapR Technologies Serve DataStore DataCollect Data What Do We Need to Do ? MapR-FS Process DataData Sources MapR-FS Stream Topic
  33. 33. 3333© 2017 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies© 2016 MapR Technologies Customer Data Lakes
  34. 34. 3434© 2017 MapR Technologies MapR Healthcare Customers Delivers clinical intelligence to healthcare providers Sepsis control based on real time patient data Genomic data platform Research grant analysis 80+ use cases; FWA, … Genomics analysisRadiology analytics Customized solutions for value-based care MRI manufacturer Novartis
  35. 35. 3535© 2017 MapR Technologies MapR Healthcare Architecture
  36. 36. 3636© 2017 MapR Technologies Data Lake Architectures Agile, self- service data exploration ETL into operational reporting formats (e.g., Parquet) Multi-tenancy: job/ data placement control, volumes Access controls: file, table, column, column family, doc, sub-doc levels Sources Labs Claims pharmacy EHR Auditing: compliance, analyze user accesses Snapshots: track data lineage and history Table Replication: global multi-master, business continuity MapR Converged Data Platform Enterprise Storage Database Event Streaming MapR-FS MapR-DB MapR Streams MapR-DB: time series, structured data, JSON MapR-XD: unstructured data NFS/ raw files MapR Event Streams: real-time event data
  37. 37. 3737© 2017 MapR Technologies Valence Health Population Health SaaS for 85,000 doctors 135 hospitals •  3,000 inbound data feeds –  Labs, EHR, claims… Business Problem: •  ETL for 20 million lab records took 22 hours to process. Solution with MapR: •  With NFS 20 million lab records now take 20 minutes with less hardware •  https://www.cioreview.com/news/valence-health-cuts-down-processing-time-and- drives-customer-satisfaction-with-mapr-nid-11084-cid-15.html
  38. 38. 3838© 2017 MapR Technologies UnitedHealthcare Optum MapR Data Lake single platform to analyze claims, prescriptions.. •  NFS to ingest 1 million claims, 10 terabytes per day •  2200% ROI machine learning for Payment Integrity •  Machine learning for improving outcomes: Diabetes, reduce readmissions…
  39. 39. 3939© 2017 MapR Technologies Baptist Health South Florida Problem: •  Oracle too expensive for big data •  Need a common data platform for patient history Solution: 1.  MapR data lake 2.  Offload cold data from Oracle $$ NFS to MapR 3.  Integration with EMR 4.  Admission/Readmission prediction 5.  Early sepsis detection/notification 6.  real time monitoring
  40. 40. 4040© 2017 MapR Technologies Use Case: Streaming System of Record for Healthcare •  Objective: –  Build a flexible, secure healthcare information exchange Challenges: •  Many different data models •  Security and privacy issues •  HIPAA compliance
  41. 41. 4141© 2017 MapR Technologies Solution: Streaming System of Record for Healthcare •  Solution: –  Streaming system of record •  secure •  immutable •  rewindable Auditable •  Materialized views continuously computed •  Selective cross data center replication Stream Topic Records Applications 6 5 4 3 2 1 Search Graph DB JSON HBase Micro Service Micro Service Micro Service Micro Service Micro Service Micro Service A P I Streaming System of Record Materialized Views
  42. 42. 4242© 2017 MapR Technologies Streaming System of Record for Healthcare Case Study: Liaison Technologies Raw Data workflow Key/Value MapR-DB materialized view workflow Search Engine materialized view CEP k v v v v v k v v v k v v k v v v v k v v v k v v v v v Document Log (MapR-FS) log API App pre- processor workflow Graph DB materialized view workflow Time Series DB materialized view micro service micro service micro service micro service micro service micro service micro service micro service App AppApp ... MapR-ES as Immutable Log MapR Event Streams (MapR-ES) •  Immutable log for all data ingested or consumed. •  Events become system of record, processed by consumers based on their permissions. MapR-ES powers compliance- ready lineage: •  Immutability. MapR-ES throws no data away. •  Auditing. Who wrote/read events? •  Rewind. What was status of data two days ago? •  Replay. Rebuild derivative data stores. Auditors want to see: •  Data lineage. Where data came from, how it got there. •  Audit logging. Who wrote to, updated, or read the data.
  43. 43. 4343© 2017 MapR Technologies Q&A @mapr https://www.mapr.com/blog/author/carol-mcdonald Engage with us! mapr-technologies
  • ssuserce170b

    Jun. 15, 2019

There is no better example of the important role that data plays in our lives than in matters of our health and our healthcare. There’s a growing wealth of health-related data out there, and it’s playing an increasing role in improving patient care, population health, and healthcare economics. Join this talk to hear how MapR customers are using big data and advanced analytics to address a myriad of healthcare challenges—from patient to payer. We will cover big data healthcare trends and production use cases that demonstrate how to deliver data-driven healthcare applications

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