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U.S. College Affordability Summit

U.S. College Affordability Summit: Seattle WA: http://www.freecollegenow.org/seattle_summit

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U.S. College Affordability Summit

  1. 1. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen Increasing College Affordability with: Open Educational Resources
  2. 2. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  3. 3. $2731 $1,133 Tuition and Fees Books & Supplies Cost of Community College Source: College Board, Trends in Higher Education Report, 2011 https://trends.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/trends-2011-community-colleges-ed-enrollment-debt-brief.pdf
  4. 4. Source: Student PIRGs: http://www.studentpirgs.org/sites/student/files/reports/A-Cover-To-Cover-Solution_4.pdf
  5. 5. Physics: Principles With Applications, 7th Edition by Douglas C. Giancoli
  6. 6. 65% of students decided against buying a required textbook because of cost US PIRG Report, 2014 http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  7. 7. 50% of students said that cost of textbooks impacted how many and which classes they took US PIRG Report, 2014 http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  8. 8. 82% of students felt they would do significantly better in a course if textbook was available for free US PIRG Report, 2014 http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  9. 9. High textbook costs Decrease student access Increase student drop rates Decrease student success and learning
  10. 10. How are 2/3 of students supposed to learn with materials they can’t afford and are not buying?
  11. 11. Open Educational Resources Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
  12. 12. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page textbook: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084
  13. 13. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page textbook: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  14. 14. Copy and Distribute (and storage) are “Free” This changes everything…
  15. 15. Open Educational Resources (1) Free and unfettered access, and (2) Free copyright permissions to engage in the 5R activities
  16. 16. open > free
  17. 17. open = free + permissions
  18. 18. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  19. 19. Nonprofit organization Open copyright licenses Founded in 2001 Operates worldwide
  20. 20. most freedom least freedom Not OER OER
  21. 21. $32M saved in 2 years + $25M in 2015-2016
  22. 22. Washington Community Colleges English Composition I • 62,000+ enrollments / year • x $128 textbook • ≈ $8 Million every year
  23. 23. opencourselibrary.org
  24. 24. Does it make any sense WA State and K-12 Districts together spend $130M/year on textbooks and the results are: • Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date • Paper only / no digital versions. • Students can’t write / highlight in books • Students can’t keep books at end of year • All rights reserved… teachers can’t update • Parents often pay for lost paper books…
  25. 25. http://k12oercollaborative.org
  26. 26. OER Potential in U.S. Higher Education: Save Students: Billions / year If every: Open textbook saves $128 per course / student
  27. 27. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies http://openedgroup.org/
  28. 28. 48,623 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  29. 29. 93% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  30. 30. 9 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  31. 31. 4,510 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  32. 32. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  33. 33. Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
  34. 34. White House issues directive supporting public access to publicly funded research
  35. 35. $2 billion: new academic programs Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) required
  36. 36. Case Study: TAACCCT Courseware • STEM Bridge  Complete, adaptive courseware  CC-BY  Contextualizes remediation and core skills across Pathways • STEM Foundations: baseline skills in mathematics and writing • STEM Readiness: refresher of core STEM skills in mathematics, communication and professionalism • STEM Pathways  5 complete STEM training paths  CC-BY course materials, adaptive courseware, instructor resources and implementation guides  68 courses, with adaptive elements focused on learner ‘sticking points’ • Cyber Technologies • Composite Technologies • Environmental Technologies • Electric Vehicle Technologies • Mechatronic Technologies Collaborative development of courses between NSC and OLI as part of OPEN support of TAACCCT grantees.
  37. 37. California Community Colleges require Creative Commons Attribution for all Chancellor’s Office Grants & Contracts
  38. 38. letter:oerusa.org
  39. 39. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen

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