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Transactional Analysis PPT - OB - Shimna

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Transactional Analysis - Organisational Behaviour

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Transactional Analysis PPT - OB - Shimna

  1. 1. Shimna K S2 MBA CMS
  2. 2. Transactional Analysis A theory for analyzing human behavior and communication. Developed by Eric Berne psychotherapy in the 1950s. Objective is to provide better understanding of how people relate to one another so that they may develop improved communication and human relationship.
  3. 3. The 3 Ego States People interact with each other in terms of three psychological positions or behavioural pattern, known as ego states. Person’s way of thinking, feeling and behaving at any time. Parent Ego State Adult Ego State Child Ego State
  4. 4. Parent Ego State Incorporates the attitude and behaviours of all emotionally significant people who serve as parent figure. There can be two types of parent ego states : Nurturing Parent Ego State Critical Parent Ego State Nurturing Parent ego state includes the nurturing side and can be soft, loving, and permission giving. The Critical Parent includes part of our personality contains the prejudged thoughts, feelings and beliefs that we learned from our parents.
  5. 5. Adult Ego State The Adult ego state evokes behaviour that could be described simply as logical, reasonable, rationale and unemotional. Characterized by problem-solving analysis and rationale decisionmaking. Identified by verbal and physical signs which include thoughtful concentration and discussion.
  6. 6. Child Ego State The child ego state is associated with behaviours that appear when a person is responding emotionally. Characteristics of child ego include creativity, conformity, depression, anxiety, dependence, fear and hate. A person's child contains the 'natural' impulses and attitudes learned from child experiences. There are three parts of child ego: Natural Adaptive Rebellious
  7. 7. Contd… The natural child is affectionate impulsive, sensuous and does what come naturally. The adaptive child is the trained one and he is likely to do what parents insist on, and sometimes learns to feel non ok. The rebellion child experiences anger, fear and frustration.
  8. 8. Life Positions In the process of growing up, people make basic assumptions about themselves and others. Very early in childhood a person develops from experience a dominant philosophy. Such philosophy is tied into his identity, sense of worth, and perception of other people. This tends to remain with the person for lifetime unless major experience occur to change it. Such positions are called life positions.
  9. 9. Four possible relationship resulted from this life position.  I am not OK, You are not OK (neither person have value)  I am not OK, You are OK (you have value but I do not have)  I am OK, You are not OK (I have value but you don't have)  I am OK, You are OK (we both have value) I AM NOT OK, YOU'RE NOT OK: People tend to feel bad about themselves and see that the whole world as miserable. Give up, do not trust other people and have no confidence in themselves.
  10. 10. I AM NOT OK, YOU'RE OK: People with this life position often come from their child ego state. They feel that others are more capable and generally have fewer problems than they themselves do. I AM OK, YOU'RE NOT OK: This type of people often come their Critical Parent ego state. They tend to be down on other people for at least two reasons. First, they often regard other people as source of criticism. They feel that if they are not exactly perfect or right, people will be excessively critical of them.
  11. 11. Contd… Second, they want to break away or rebel from some authority figure and become more independent, but they are either not sure how to go about this or they have had pleasant experiences in attempting it in the past. I AM OK, YOU'RE OK: This life position is considered as healthy position. People with these feelings express confidence in themselves as well as trust and confidence in other people in their environment.
  12. 12. Strokes The units of interpersonal recognition, to survive and thrive. Non verbal means of communication Whenever a human being does something to recognize another human being, it is called a stroke. Can be positive or negative Can be conditional or unconditional Conditional strokes given for what we do or what we accomplish or the trait what we possess. Unconditional stroke are negative strokes. They convey that we are not ok.
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Transactional Analysis - Organisational Behaviour

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