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Assessment tools for Early Childhood

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This contains the different assessment tools in observing children

Published in: Education
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Assessment tools for Early Childhood

  1. 1. Recording and Collecting Observational Data
  2. 2. Criteria for Observing Children
  3. 3. Objectivity
  4. 4. Confidentiality
  5. 5. Recording Details
  6. 6. Using Direct Quotes
  7. 7. Using Mood Quotes
  8. 8. Anecdotal Records Running Records Specimen Records Time Sampling
  9. 9. Anecdotal Records Running Records Specimen Records Time Sampling
  10. 10. Anecdotal Records Running Records Specimen Records Time Sampling
  11. 11. Anecdotal Records Running Records Specimen Records Time Sampling
  12. 12. Anecdotal Records
  13. 13. Anecdotal Records
  14. 14. Anecdotal Records 1 Describe what happened in a factual and objective manner
  15. 15. Anecdotal Records 2 Tell how it happened
  16. 16. Anecdotal Records 3 When and where it happened
  17. 17. Anecdotal Records 4 What was said and done
  18. 18. Anecdotal Records Advantages
  19. 19. Anecdotal Records Advantages Disadvantages
  20. 20. Sample Anecdotal Record Child’s Name: Stevie Age: 4 Date: February 23, 2011 Observer: Cleo Place: Block Area Time: 9:00- 10:00 am INCIDENT Stevie went over to the block corner and asked two boys, Ron and Tanner, if he could help them build. They told him it was okay. As they were building, knocked some blocks down. “I can put it back up,” he said, and handed the blocks to Ron. For awhile he watched Ron build and then said, “I found a smokestack, Ron,” and handed him a cylinder block. Ron told him where to put it, and Stevie began getting cylinders off the shelf and handing them to Ron and Tanner to place. Finally he started placing his own cylinders around the perimeter of the building. The teacher asked him if he wanted to finger paint but he replied, “Im not gonna finger paint unless Ron finger paints.” COMMENT Stevie is often involved in a lot of dramatic play with several other boys. He especially likes to be near or play with Ron. He seems to look up to him. Whatever rules Ron sets in the play, Stevie follows,. Once engaged in play, he likes to continue, and will usually not let another child or even the teacher distract him.
  21. 21. Running Records
  22. 22. Running Records Detailed narrative account of behavior recorded in a sequential manner as it happens.
  23. 23. Running Records Detailed narrative account of behavior recorded in a sequential manner as it happens. Advantages
  24. 24. Running Records Detailed narrative account of behavior recorded in a sequential manner as it happens. Advantages Disadvantages
  25. 25. Sample Running Child’s Name: Katy Age: 4 Date: February 09, 2011 Observer: Cleo Place: Spreschool Time: 9:30- 10:00 am OBSERVATION Katy is playing by herself with plastic blocks, making a gun; she walks into playroom; “Lisa would you play with me? I’m tired of playing by myself; They walk into other room to slide & climber area. K: “I am Wonder Woman”.” L: “So am I.” K: “No. There is only 1 Wonder Woman. You are Robin.” L: “Robin needs a Batman because Batman and Robin are friends.” All this takes place under slide & climber; Lisa shoots block gun Katy has given he; Katy falls to floor. L: (to teacher) “We’re playing super friends and Wonder Woman keeps falling down.” COMMENTS Clips blocks together to make gun; copies it to make gun for Lisa; clever; shows creativity; does teacher allow guns? Seems to be the leader here as in other activities I have observed. Lisa is the friend she most often plays with.
  26. 26. Specimen Records
  27. 27. Specimen A specimen record is very similar to a running record with the only difference being that the observer decides the purpose of the observation before commencing. Records
  28. 28. Time Sampling
  29. 29. Time Sampling Time sampling is a sampling method that involves the acquisition of representative samples by observing subjects at different time intervals. These time intervals can be chosen randomly or systematically.
  30. 30. Time Sampling Time sampling is a sampling method that involves the acquisition of representative samples by observing subjects at different time intervals. These time intervals can be chosen randomly or systematically. Advantages Disadvantages
  31. 31. Time Sampling Time sampling is a sampling method that involves the acquisition of representative samples by observing subjects at different time intervals. These time intervals can be chosen randomly or systematically. Advantages Disadvantages
  32. 32. For Example… To help Jamie change his bullying behavior, the teacher needed to know how frequently the behavior occurred. The teacher noted that it included the following behaviors, determined by previous observations: Hitting= h Holding another against Pushing= p his will= hd Kicking= k Taking another’s toy= t
  33. 33. Time intervals (5 minutes each) Duration Recording (Presence or absence) Event Recording (frequency) Event Recording (presence or absence) 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 0 0 IIII II I 0 0 h,p h,p,t h 0 0

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