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STD

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STD

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STD

  1. 1. Adapted From: Sexually Transmitted Infections Pamphlet. Public Health Agency of Canada, 2007
  2. 2. Different types of sexual activities that can transfer infections include: •Oral sex •Vaginal sex •Anal sex •Skin-to-skin contact for some infections
  3. 3. Infections can be transferred through the exchange of bodily fluids like: •Blood •Semen •Vaginal secretions •Saliva •Breast milk
  4. 4. Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections
  5. 5. Syphilis Chancre
  6. 6. HPV
  7. 7. Herpes Simplex
  8. 8. Herpes vesicles
  9. 9. Kaposi Sarcoma
  10. 10. Kaposi Sarcoma
  11. 11. Hepatitis B(HBV) 0 30 to 180 days for symptoms to begin 0 sexual contact,blood transfusions and transfusion with other human blood products,[25] re-use of contaminated needles and syringes, and from mother to child (MTCT) during childbirth 0 The infection is preventable by vaccination 0 vomiting, yellow skin, feeling tired, dark urine and abdominal pain, loss of appetite, clay colored bowel movements 0 loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, body aches, mild fever, and dark urine, and then progresses to development of jaundice 0 Acute hepatitis B infection does not usually require treatment and most adults clear the infection spontaneously 0 chronic infection may be necessary to reduce the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer
  12. 12. Pubic lice--Pthirus pubis found mostly in teenagers. Pubic lice are often spread during sexual activity. tiny insects that infect the pubic hair area and lay eggs Possible toilet seats, sheets, blankets, or bathing suits at a store. At risk--Have many sexual partners Have sexual contact with an infected person Share bedding or clothing with an infected person Symptoms--causes itching in the area covered by pubic hair. Itching often gets worse at night Tx--prescription wash containing permethrin, such as Elimite or Kwell Wash all clothing and bedding in hot water. Spray items that cannot be washed may be sprayed with a medicated spray that you can buy at the store. You can also seal items in plastic bags for 10 - 14 days to smother lice. Makes sure anyone with whom you have had sexual contact or shared a bed be treated at the same time Avoid sexual or intimate contact with people you know have pubic lice until they have been treated. Bathe or shower often and keep your bedding clean. Avoid trying on bathing suits while you are shopping. If you must try on swimwear, be sure to wear your underwear.
  13. 13. Trichomoniasis- Trichomonas vaginalis 0 protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis 0 passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex 0 Symptoms--About 70% of infected people do not have any signs or symptoms. Men have Irritation, burning or some discharge from the penis. Women have itching, burning, redness or soreness of the genitals, discomfort with urination, or a thin discharge with an unusual smell. more likely to have their babies too early 0 tx--single dose of prescription antibiotic 0 Prevent---avoid having sex, possible to get or spread this infection even when using a condom
  14. 14. It is critical to tell your partner(s) to prevent the spread of STIs and to prevent complications. While it may be difficult to talk about sexual health problems, it is important for anyone who thinks they have an STI or tests positive for one to tell his/her current and past partner(s). A public health professional will contact your partners confidentially.
  15. 15. Condoms are important to reduce the risks of transmitting STIs, even if other methods of birth control are being used to prevent pregnancy. Condoms should be used every time you choose to have intercourse. If an infection is detected, it is recommended that the infected individual and their partner(s) abstain from sexual activity until treatment is complete, symptoms have subsided, and the infection is cured (when applicable).
  16. 16. When you have sex with someone, you are having sex with everyone they have had sex with; and everyone they have had sex with; and so on, and so on, and so on…

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