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Quiz Shows

Overview of Quiz Shows with links to clips.

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Quiz Shows

  1. 1. TV Quiz Shows GCSE controlled test
  2. 2. Key Concepts <ul><li>Media language (forms and conventions) </li></ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Producers (institutions and industries) </li></ul><ul><li>Debates (representations, culture, education) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation and new technology </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Themes <ul><li>Historical/social context </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs, knowledge, ideologies </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership and power </li></ul>
  4. 4. A definition <ul><li>A quiz show is a programme where contestants demonstrate knowledge by answering questions and has a competitive element </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz shows are on all of the major terrestrial TV channels and have morphed into phone-ins, on-line competitions and other forms </li></ul>
  5. 6. Qualities of quiz show <ul><li>Winners and losers </li></ul><ul><li>Prizes </li></ul><ul><li>Audience participation </li></ul><ul><li>A personality who hosts the shows </li></ul><ul><li>Live audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions </li></ul><ul><li>Catch Phrases </li></ul>
  6. 7. Quiz or Game Show? <ul><li>Quiz shows rely only upon knowledge revealed through question and answer </li></ul><ul><li>Game shows can incorporate all types of activities in which knowledge in not a key factor </li></ul><ul><li>Gladitorial settings add excitement </li></ul><ul><li>Presenter combines the role of provided fun and excitement with the role of the schoolteacher </li></ul>
  7. 8. Telling a Story
  8. 9. Why are they so popular? <ul><li>They are cheap to make </li></ul><ul><li>They are easy and quick to produce </li></ul><ul><li>Small crew </li></ul><ul><li>The formula is repeated in each show </li></ul><ul><li>There is no change of set/location/presenter </li></ul><ul><li>Only the contestants change </li></ul><ul><li>Shows can be recorded in batches with the same studio audience </li></ul>
  9. 10. Audience Appeal <ul><li>What games or quizzes have you played? </li></ul><ul><li>Most people like quizzes, games and puzzles </li></ul><ul><li>The most attractive element is probably the interactive nature of quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Popularity of pub quiz nights and charity quiz nights </li></ul><ul><li>Online quizzes – think about Facebook! </li></ul>
  10. 11. A Brief History <ul><li>In the US began on local radio in 1923 with The Pop Questions Game </li></ul><ul><li>Regularly part of other shows during the Great Depression in the 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Unscripted responses and monetary prizes meant that by 1940 there were 50 quiz shows on the radio in the USA and by the end of the 1940s there were 200! </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>After the war quiz show’s popularity grew as television began to emerge </li></ul><ul><li>Some radio shows were transferred to TV </li></ul><ul><li>Most were scheduled during off-peak time as they tended to be cheap productions used a filler </li></ul><ul><li>The $64,000 question was an exception </li></ul>
  12. 13. Early TV Quiz Shows in Britain <ul><li>Radio went national when the BBC was established in 1927 as a Public Service Broadcaster </li></ul><ul><li>Television didn’t really get started until after WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Ethos built around ideals of informing and educating the public as well as entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Paid for by the public TV licence – no advertisers or sponsors </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Spelling Bee was the first TV quiz show in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Similar shows had an educational tone with well known academics answering questions </li></ul><ul><li>On What Do You Know (1946) contestants competed to win the title of ‘Brain of Britain’ </li></ul><ul><li>A general knowledge quiz for school children Top of the Form (1947) </li></ul><ul><li>Monty Python have even parodied to Top of the Form! </li></ul>
  14. 15. Variations <ul><li>Celebrity panellists: </li></ul><ul><li>What’s My Line </li></ul><ul><li>A Question of Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Nevermind the Buzzcocks </li></ul><ul><li>The Charlie Chester Show was the first in Britain to offer money as a prize </li></ul>
  15. 16. Comparing Title Sequences
  16. 17. Commercial Television <ul><li>Quiz shows with general public participants were really to flourish with commercial television which started in the UK in 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Television funded by advertising and with shareholders who wanted profits </li></ul><ul><li>Broader appeal than ‘elitist’ BBC </li></ul><ul><li>ITV quiz shows were more focused on entertainment than knowledge </li></ul>
  17. 18. Dumbing Down? <ul><li>The debate centres around whether commercial institutions exploit audience’s voyeuristic tendencies </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of any TV shows today that could be accused on this? </li></ul><ul><li>Did these types of shows foster a morally unhealthy attitude towards money? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it right to reward trivial displays of knowledge and engage contestants in degrading performances? </li></ul>
  18. 19. Audiences <ul><li>Why do people watch and participate in these shows even if only as part of the domestic audience? </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity – the audience must be involved </li></ul><ul><li>The audience participate vicariously </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure of knowing the right answer? Or even beating the contestant to the right answer? </li></ul><ul><li>Voyeuristic pleasure of seeing contestant under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure in watching somebody winning </li></ul>
  19. 20. TV Quiz Audiences <ul><li>The ‘ritual’ of the programme </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of suspension of normal life </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary people can become heroes </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Live’ events, even though they are pre-recorded </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think that people want to appear on TV Quiz Shows? </li></ul>
  20. 21. What do audiences do with Quiz Shows? <ul><li>Escapism </li></ul><ul><li>Social cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Vicarious pleasures </li></ul><ul><li>Reassurance </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional responses </li></ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Reaffirming beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Self-rating </li></ul><ul><li>Social-interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Excitement </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul>
  21. 22. Audience Targeting <ul><li>In Britain we are put into </li></ul><ul><li>a class for statistical </li></ul><ul><li>purposes by income and </li></ul><ul><li>education: </li></ul><ul><li>A B C1 C2 D E </li></ul><ul><li>Clark (1987) identifies four types of game and quiz show: </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrity </li></ul><ul><li>Populist </li></ul>
  22. 23. New Ways of Taking Part <ul><li>Phone-ins bring issues for TV regulators </li></ul><ul><li>Cable and digital channels cause fuss because they appeal to poorer people who would not normally get on to a TV show </li></ul>