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Approaches to organizational behaviour

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Approaches to organizational behaviour

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Approaches to organizational behaviour

  1. 1. APPROACHES TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Anuttama Banerjee
  2. 2.  Scientific management approach was developed by F.W. Taylor at the beginning of the 20th century  Time and Motion study was conducted and work was made simplified and time saving  Critics said that the methods took the humanity out of labor, reducing workers to machines responding to management incentives Scientific Management Approach
  3. 3. Bureaucratic Approach  The theory's most prominent advocate, Max Weber, proposed a 'bureaucratic form' of structure, which he thought would work for all organizations.  This was severely criticized as Weber tried to use one approach to all organizations
  4. 4. Hawthorne Studies  Even, as Taylor and Weber brought attention with their rational, logical approaches to more efficient productivity, their views were criticized on the ground that both approaches ignored worker's humanity.  Effect of illumination on production was supposed to be tested but it was finally found out that both groups who worked with poor physical condition and good physical condition produced almost the same quantity.  This led to the feeling that human attention improved the production, which was ignored for so long.
  5. 5. Human Resources Approach  The human resources approach is concerned with the growth and development of people towards higher levels of competency, creativity and fulfillment, because people are the central resource in any organization  Helps employees become better in terms of work and responsibility and then it tries to create a climate in which they can contribute to the best of their improved abilities
  6. 6. Contingency Approach  A contingency approach to organizational behaviour implies that different situations require different behavioral practices for effectiveness instead of following a traditional approach for all situations  Each situation must be analyzed carefully to determine the significant variables that exist in order to establish the more effective practices  The strength of this approach is that it encourages analysis of each situation prior to action
  7. 7. Productivity Approach  Productivity is a ratio that compares units of output with units of input. It is often measured in terms of economic inputs and outputs  But besides economic inputs and outputs, human and social inputs and outputs also are important.
  8. 8. Systems Approach  A system is an interrelated part of an organization or a society that interacts with everyone related to that organization or society and functions as a whole  Within the organization 'people' employ 'technology' in performing the 'task' that they are responsible for, while the 'structure' of the organization serves as a basis for coordinating all their different activities
  9. 9. Interdisciplinary Approach  Organizational behaviour is basically an interdisciplinary approach. It draws heavily from other disciplines like psychology, sociology and anthropology  Organizational behaviour integrates the relevant contents of these disciplines to make them applicable for organizational analysis

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