Jumping off a cliff without a a parachute is a power point presentation designed to reach the hearts and minds of adolescents. In this power point, we will address the types of risk taking behaviors which they can be involved in, the kind of behaviors they should avoid, the effects of peers on positive and/or negative behavior and strategies for effectively working with your peers to confront, challenge and lessen the pressure.
High risk behavior is driven by adolescent connection to peer groups (Wood, Mitchell, Read & Brand, 2004). These peer grouping can be positive places for connection and affirmation. They help young people to find information, make connections and explore their paths outside of family connections (Santrock, 2009). These peer groups could also teach young about fairness, equity, interest exploration and different vistas( Santrock, 2009).
Peer groups can be negative places for you (Santrock, 2009). You must be clear about your affiliations and find peer groups that are reflective of positive values. Negative peer groups may lead to rejection or neglect (Santrock, 2009). They have an influence on behavior and can encourage adolescents to participate in behavior that encourages delinquency or undermines the authority of parents (Santrock, 2009).
There are many types of young people. Popular children have a repertoire of social and communication skills that are a key factor in their popularity (Santrock,2009). They use these skills well. Average young people have positive and negative reactions from their peers (Santrock, 2009). Young people who are neglected do not connect with their peers and tend to be shy (Santrock, 2009). Neglected children are often dealing with more profound adjustment issues. These children were less participatory in in class. Rejected children may need some forms of adjustment and training in how to connect with their peers (Santrock, 2009).
Each type is a reflection of many factors in a young person. The 21 st century has made youth culture a heavily media driven and entertainment based phenomenon (Thorlindsson & Gunner-Bernberg, 2006).The unreal expectations sometimes make it difficult for young people to feel a part of the popular group. They connect with negative groups and this sometimes leads to negative and high risk behaviors (Thorlindsson , 2006).
Human development and connections to peers begins around age three (Santrock, 2009). This connection allows young people the opportunity to learn how to negotiate and interact with their peers. When this critical developmental component is missing, a young person may have poor developmental skills making them shy and withdrawn. They may also have other issues in the family and community that they are contending with (Santrock, 2009). These young people become vulnerable to bullying.
Risk–taking behaviors can change the lives of young people. Adolescence is a transformative time for most human beings by itself( Santrock, 2009). When risk-taking behavior is added to the process of development, it can slow down and damage the developmental process.
There are many risk taking behaviors. These behaviors can change the life of an adolescent and may be irreparable (Guzman & Bosch, 2007). When teenagers begin engaging in these behaviors they change their developmental pathways (Gardner & Steinberg, 2005).
Adolescents should always look for positive peers who can help them them to move in the right direction. These peers can provide divergent positive perspectives and guidance from a youthful point of view (Santrock, 2009).
Peers can be a positive influence or a negative one. Parents can be a big help, especially when a child is being pulled into negative activity( Wood, Mitchell, Read & Brand, 2004). Parents, teachers, administrators must be aware of what is happening with the young people in their charge at all times. It is critical to be patient, kind and open so that young people feel comfortable.
Risk Taking Behaviors V.A. Akiwumi Presentation
Jumping off a cliff without a parachute! <ul><li>Risk taking Behaviors and How to Avoid Them </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria Akiwumi </li></ul><ul><li>Walden University </li></ul>
<ul><li>Who do you hang out with? </li></ul><ul><li>Peer groups can really impact your life positively and negatively. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s take a look at what positive peer groups are composed of: </li></ul><ul><li>They give you information that is not connected to your family. </li></ul><ul><li>They help you feel good about your abilities. </li></ul><ul><li>They help you to understand your behavior and activities as it relates to other young </li></ul><ul><li>people. </li></ul><ul><li>Peer groups can be great sources of strength and comfort. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually consist of young people your own age. </li></ul>Positive Peer Groups
<ul><li>Peer group affiliations can lead to negative behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>Your peer group may reject or neglect you. </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection and neglect by peers may lead to mental health and criminal justice issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Peers who encourage you to be delinquent and undermine your parents are negative peer influences. </li></ul>Negative Peer Groups
There are many types of young people: Which type are you? Do you feel popular? Do you feel average? Do you feel neglected? Do you feel rejected? Do you feel like there is always a some conflict involving you going on? Types of young people
<ul><li>Do you see your type? </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever you think your place is amongst your peers, there are ways to manage all of your emotions!! </li></ul><ul><li>If you felt that you were popular, you probably had a chance to develop communication skills. </li></ul><ul><li>If you felt you were average, you probably your share of positive and negative feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>If you felt neglected, you might be shy and have a hard time making friends with others. </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel rejected, you might need help with social skills and attracting positive feedback from your peers. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Bullying can be stopped!! </li></ul><ul><li>Older students can serve as mentors and join together with other bullied young people for strength. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many ways to build friendships and better peer relations. </li></ul><ul><li>Students who know bullying is wrong and students who are not being bullied can help to make a difference. </li></ul><ul><li>When bullying is not dealt with it can also lead the victim into high risk behaviors like suicide, self-injury, violence, substance abuse, fighting and risky sexual behaviors. </li></ul>
<ul><li>What is the definition of risk-taking behaviors? </li></ul><ul><li>Risk taking behavior can change your life, your development and your well-being! </li></ul><ul><li>Important parts of adolescent development can be stopped or slowed down because of risk taking behavior. </li></ul>Definition of Risk-Taking Behavior
<ul><li>What are the different types of risk taking behaviors? </li></ul><ul><li>Driving a car without a seatbelt is done by 30% of youth throughout America. </li></ul><ul><li>Driving a car while drinking alcohol, which is done by 10% of adolescents nationwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting and aggression is another form of self-injurious behavior. Physical fighting is reported by 36% of adolescents in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide is a growing risk taking behavior. One in every five youths report that they have considered suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse is a high risk behavior that can have long term damage. </li></ul><ul><li>The long term damage can include brain damage and damage to major organs in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Risky sexual behavior can result in STD’s, and socioemotional risks. </li></ul>Different Types of Risk Taking Behavior
How do your peers influence you to engage in risky behaviors or stop you from doing so ? Positive Influences: Peers can provide the six functions of friendship. These are companionship, physical support, stimulation, ego support, social comparison, and intimacy/affection. This type of support is so important from your peer group. Negative Influences: Negative peers take can take you down the road to high-risk behaviors. They can learn to participate in negative behaviors, turn you against your parents and introduce you behavior that is negative. Learning The Role of Peer Influence: Positive and Negative
What are the ways that your peers can influence you and how do You lessen bad influences and enhance good influences? <ul><li>Peers can be a huge influence at every point in your life. Great peers are helpful and provide guidance at different stages of your journey! </li></ul><ul><li>Look for high quality peers who are on the right road in their own lives! </li></ul><ul><li>Spend time in school clubs, organizations and events that these positive students spend their time in. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay positive and focused in your own life! </li></ul><ul><li>When negative people young people want you to join them in negative behavior pull on that inner pride that will allow you to say no. </li></ul><ul><li>If they are forcing you to join them, let your parent/caregiver or an administrator know! </li></ul>
Parents, teachers and administrators or here to help!! Look for them and find people you can talk to!! They are here for you and you can be all you want to be! Thanks for listening!!
References Gardner, M., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Peer influence on risk-taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and childhood: An experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 41(4), 625-635. Guzman, M.R., Bosch, K.R. (2007). High-risk behaviors among youth. Retrieved May 13, 2011 from http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/pages/publicationD.jsp?publication/d=786 Santrock, J.W. (2009). A topical approach to life-span development (custom ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. Thorlindsson, T., & Bernburg, J.G. (2006). Peer groups and substance use: Examining the direct and interactive effect of leisure activity. Adolescence, 41(162), 321-339. Wood, M.D., Read, J.P., Mitchell, R.E., & Brand, N.H. (2004). Do parents still matter? Parent and peer influences on alcohol involvement among recent high school graduates. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18(1), 19-30.