life skills are the skills required for every human being in the universe by which they can make their life more easier. these are soft skills for the betterment of life. even though they are illiterate they need life skills.
Department of Education
Life-Skills Education as
defined by the UNICEF
"a behaviour change or
approach to address a
balance of three areas;
knowledge, attitude and
World Health Organization
defined Life Skills as
"the abilities for adaptive
and positive behaviour that
enable individuals to deal
effectively with the
demands and challenges
Life Skills are defined in the
Targeting Life Skills (TLS) Model
(Hendricks, 1996) as “Skills that
help an individual to be successful
in living a productive and satisfying
Yarham (1919) defined Life Skills
as “the personal competence that
enables a person to deal effectively
with the demands and
challengesconfronted in everyday
3- BASIC CATEGORIES OF LIFE
These three basic categories
further include the following skills.
• Cooperation Skills
Social or Interpersonal
• Problem Solving
• Critical Thinking
• Creative Thinking
• Decision Making
• Self Awareness
• Managing Stress
• Resisting peer
TEN CORE LIFE SKILLS- WHO
Life Skills Education for Children and Adolescents in Schools”-Programme on Mental Health, World Health Organization, Geneva,
1. Self Awareness
recognition of 'self', our character, our
strengths and weaknesses, desires and
help us recognize when we are stressed
or under pressure.
prerequisite to effective communication
and interpersonal relations, as well as for
developing empathy with others.
ability to imagine what life is like for another
help us to accept others who may be very
different from ourselves.
improve social interactions, especially, in
situations of ethnic or cultural diversities.
encourage nurturing positive behaviour
towards people in need of care and
assistance, or tolerance
required to develop a successful relationship
with our loved ones and society at large.
3. Critical Thinking
an ability to analyze information and
experiences in an objective manner.
contribute to a well balanced way of life by
helping us to recognize and assess the factors
that influence attitudes and behaviour, such as
values, peer pressure and the media.
4. Creative Thinking
a novel way of seeing or doing things
that is characteristic of four
(generating new ideas),
flexibility (shifting perspective
easily), originality (conceiving of
something new), and
elaboration (building on others'
5. Decision Making
helps us to deal constructively with
decisions about our lives.
teach people how to actively make
decisions about their actions in relation to
a healthy assessment of different options
and, what effects these different decisions
are likely to have.
6. Problem Solving
helps us to deal constructively with problems
in our lives.
problems that are left unresolved can cause
mental stress and give rise to accompanying
7. Interpersonal skills
help us to relate in positive ways with people
we interact with.
to make and keep friendly relationships, which
can be of great importance to our mental and
To maintaining good relations with family
members who are the most important source
of social support.
an ability to end relationships constructively.
8. Effective Communication
ability to express ourselves, both verbally and
non-verbally, in ways that are appropriate to
our cultures and situations.
ability to express opinions and desires, and
also needs and fears.
being able to ask for advice and help in the
time of need.
9. Coping with Stress
recognizing the sources of stress in our lives,
recognizing how they affect us, and
how we act in a way that helps us control our
levels of stress by changing our environment
or lifestyle, and learning how to relax.
10. Managing Emotions
recognizing emotions within us and others,
being aware of how emotions influence
behaviour and being able to respond to
Intense emotions like anger or sadness can
have negative effects on our health if we don't
respond to them appropriately.