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Urinary tract infection ppt

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Urinary tract infection

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Urinary tract infection ppt

  1. 1. V.Deepika FinalYear B.pharm
  2. 2.  Introduction  Signs and Symptoms  Cause  Pathogenesis  Diagnosis  Prevention  Treatment  Conclusion
  3. 3. Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to a symptomatic bacterial infection within the urinary tract . Most UTIs are caused by bacteria, but some are caused by fungi and in rare cases by viruses. UTIs are among the most common infections in humans. When it affects the lower urinary tract it is known as a bladder infection (cystitis) and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as kidney infection
  4. 4. Burning with urination Increased urgency of urination Bloody urine Cloudy urine Urine that looks like cola or tea Urine that has a strong odor Pelvic pain in women Rectal pain in men. pain and tenderness in the upper back and sides chills fever nausea vomiting Upper Urinary TractLower Urinary Tract Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected
  5. 5. The urine is normally sterile. An infection occurs when bacteria get into the urine and begin to grow. The bacterial infection usually starts at the opening of the urethra where the urine leaves the body and moves upward into the urinary tract.
  6. 6. Escherichia coli is the single most common microorganism, followed by Klebsiella and Proteus spp.to cause urinary tract infection The bacteria that cause urinary tract infections typically enter the bladder via the urethra. However, infection may also occur via the blood or lymph. It is believed that the bacteria are usually transmitted to the urethra from the bowel, with females at greater risk due to their anatomy. After gaining entry to the bladder, E. Coli are able to attach to the bladder wall and form a biofilm that resists the body's immune response.
  7. 7.  Diagnosis of a urinary tract infection is based on information someone gives about his or her symptoms, medical and surgical history, medications, habits, and lifestyle.  In complicated or questionable cases, it may be useful to confirm the diagnosis via urinalysis, looking for the presence of urinary nitrites, white blood cells (leukocytes), or leukocyte esterase.
  8. 8.  Drink six to eight glasses of water daily.  Don’t hold urine for long periods of time.  Talk to your doctor about managing any urinary incontinence or difficulties fully emptying your bladder.
  9. 9. The usual treatment for both simple and complicated urinary tract infections is antibiotics. The type of antibiotic and duration of treatment depend on the circumstances. Examples of common antibiotics used in treatment include, but are not limited to amoxicillin, sulfamethoxazole/ trimethoprim(Bactrim),ciprofloxacin, nitrofurantoin (Macrobid), and many others. Your health-care provider will chose the appropriate medication for your condition and the specific causative organisms.
  10. 10.  Complicated UTIs are more difficult to treat and usually requires more aggressive evaluation, treatment and follow- up. It may require identifying and addressing the underlying complication. Increasing antibiotic resistance is causing concern about the future of treating those with complicated and recurrent UTI  If you suspect that you have a UTI, contact your doctor as soon as possible. A simple examination and urine or blood test could save you a lot of trouble in the long run.  Be sure to discuss with your doctor what the right prevention plan is for you
  • OmSomwanshi

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    Jul. 23, 2018
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    May. 30, 2018

Urinary tract infection

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