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Embodied cognition European Neuro Convention 2017

We have long recognised that the mind and body are linked and that one influences the other. However, we used to think that the mind - body link was a "top down" one. We now see that things are rather different. It is as if the mind acts as a “User interface” rather than an Operating System. The operating traffic goes two ways - from body to mind just as much as mind to body. Embodied cognition is a field of study, seen by some as a ‘silent revolution’ that explores the link between body and mind and this presentation reviews the relevance of this to rehabilitation.

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Embodied cognition European Neuro Convention 2017

  1. 1. Embodied Cognition A role in rehabilitation? Derek Jones PhD MBA Anatomical Concepts (UK) Ltd Fixxl Ltd
  2. 2. Cognition is what?
  3. 3. The brain does not issue commands - it hosts “conversations” “A brain without a body cannot think”
  4. 4. Brain is Servant Not Master of the Body
  5. 5. Mens sana corpore sano in 345 AD Historical view of the Mind and Body as separate entities
  6. 6. I think …. therefore I am
  7. 7. interconnected electrical and chemical communication systems binding brain, heart, muscles, organ systems, senses and more
  8. 8. Musculosketal System Our bones, joints and ligaments are not just passive mechanical structures - they reduce the cognitive load We don’t walk like Lions because ….
  9. 9. States of the body modify states of the mind and vice versa A Basic idea.. Your State .. Your thoughts, feelings, emotions DETERMINE what behaviours are possible for you Your movement, position, posture, environment
  10. 10. Cortex Thalamus Amygdala Our Response is.. • Instantaneous • Doesn’t involve “thinking” • Influenced by Early Learning • Emotionally DrivenBehaviour - Physiology - Immunology Perception of Stress
  11. 11. The Brain is not the only cognitive resource we have to solve problems Radical idea..
  12. 12. ANS Balance ❖ High Effort ❖ Fight of Flight ❖ Adrenaline ❖ Low Effort ❖ Relaxation ❖ Acetylcholine Sympathetic Pathway Signals flow from our brain to the heart, adrenal glands, blood vessels etc speeding up these body systems. Shaped by our perception Parasympathetic Pathway Opposite effect to the Sympathetic and acts to slow down or “cool down the heart and other organs “Accelerator” “Brakes”
  13. 13. Hormonal System Positive Emotion Well/Being Success Negative Emotion Submission Despair Many hormones - “Molecules of Emotion” are produced including DHEA (Precursor to Testosterone and Oestrogen) and the body’s main stress hormone Cortisol DHEA Cortisol Imbalance is linked with many chronic diseases
  14. 14. Hormonal Long term Short Term ANS Physiology High Performance Low Performance High Arousal - Effort Low Arousal - Relaxation Fight Flight Positive Emotion Negative Emotion
  15. 15. Ha-ka “To ignite the breath”
  16. 16. Ha Ka - To ignite the breath The Whole Body Speaks
  17. 17. Your State .. Your thoughts, feelings, emotions DETERMINE what behaviours are possible for you Better State - Better Behaviours - Better Results If you want to lead someone - go “there” first
  18. 18. Aimee Mullins
  19. 19. Functional Proprioceptive Stimulation
  20. 20. Faced with “Change or Die advice” Seven out of Eight would rather die than change
  21. 21. Finding a Flow State
  22. 22. Finding a Better State • Fuel - nutrition • Move - it affects how we think • Breathe - ignite the breath or relax • Listen - we entrain to strong rhythm • Risk - moving beyond our current experience
  23. 23. Derek Jones PhD MBA Anatomical Concepts (UK) Ltd Fixxl Ltd
  24. 24. Higaonna Sensei - age 74
  25. 25. Controller Central Nervous System Mechanical System Musculoskeletal System Sensory System Sensory Receptors Task environment External Physical Stimuli Sensory Feedback Motor Commands Internal Physical Stimuli Information Self-Structuring Body Dynamics/morphology Mechanical Feedback Movement