WHAT IS ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT ?
Organization Development is an effort (1) planned, (2)
organization- wide, and (3) managed from the top, to (4) increase
organization effectiveness and health through (5) planned
interventions in the organizations "processes,” using behavioral-
PAST TRENDS OF OD
People used to learn in classrooms
Leaders were identified on the basis of experience, tenure and
Increase Focus on Productivity
Employees were not treated as assets
PAST TRENDS OF OD
One Person One job
Low Performance was tolerated
Employees were given negative motivation like fears and
Focuses on short term results
Contextual trends and their effect on
Cultural diversity – Governments face the difficult choice of preserving their
culture ant the risk of being left out of the global economy.
Income distribution – globalization of the economy is closely related to an
increasing concentration of wealth in relatively few individuals, corporation
Ecological sustainability – there are increasingly clear warnings that the
ecosystem no longer can be treated as a factor of production and that
success cannot be defined as the accumulation of wealth and material goods
at the expense of the environment.
Diverse – organizations, whether they operate primarily in their home country
or abroad, will need to develop policies and operating styles that embrace the
changing cultural, ethnic, gender and age diversity of the workforce.
Educated – the workforce is becoming more educated. A more educated
workforce demands higher wages, more involvement in decision making and
continued investment of knowledge and skills.
Contingent – the continued high rate of downsizings, re-engineering efforts,
and mergers and acquisitions is forcing the workforce to become more
contingent and less loyal.
Internet – the backbone of global economy.
E-commerce – an economy that knows no boundaries. It involves buying
and selling products and services over the internet.
Two types of E-commerce relevant to OD’s Future
Business-to-consumer – garners much attention and awareness because it
is how the public participates in E-commerce.
Business-to-business – more complex
Organization involves increasingly networked and knowledge based
nature of organizations. The interventions help organizations become
more streamlined and flexible, more capable of improving themselves
continuously in response to economic and other
trends and more effective.
Networks – are highly adaptable and can disband and
reform along different task or market lines as the
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WILL BE:-
➢More embedded in the organization's operations
➢More technologically enabled
➢Shorter OD cycle times
➢More diverse in client
➢More cross –cultural
➢More concerned with organization
7 PRINCIPLES OF THE FUTURE EMPLOYEE
1- Has a flexible Environment
2- Can customize own work
3- Shares information
4- Uses New ways to communicate and collaborate
5- Can Become a leader
6- Shifts from Knowledge worker to learning worker
7- Learns and teaches at well