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44822303 fight-against-corruption-1

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44822303 fight-against-corruption-1

  1. 1. FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION Presentation by Hasan Iqbal Roll # 4557 CMA
  2. 2. Defining Corruption Misuse of entrusted power for private benefit
  3. 3. Why so much focus on Anti-Corruption framework? • Public demand for accountability • Public perception of Endemic corruption in the Country, • TI Surveys
  4. 4. TI-Survey on Causes of Corruption-Mega & Petty • • • • • • • • Lack of Accountability (31.68%) Low salaries (16.54%) Monopoly of power (16.43%) Discretionary powers (12.61%) Lack of transparency (9.97%) Power of influential people (4.59%) Red Tapism (4.28%) Others (4.9%)
  5. 5. Institutional Framework for AC • Federal Investigation Agency • Provincial Anti-corruption Establishments • National Accountability Bureau • Accountability Courts
  6. 6. Anti-corruption regulatory framework • • • • Pakistan Penal Code-1860 Prevention of Corruption Act-1947 Government Servants Conduct Rules The NAB Ordinance- 1999
  7. 7. Vision of NAB • Eradication of Corruption from Pakistan • Recovery of looted Wealth including defaulted loans
  8. 8. The Approach • Top down Approach
  9. 9. Why Top down? No immunity and No one above the law
  10. 10. The Record
  11. 11. OVERVIEW OF PROSECUTION PROGRESS CATEGORY WISE (Source:NAB) POLITICIANS BUREAUCRATS BUSINESSMEN ARMED FORCES OTHERS 87 270 53 9 55 270 53 87 9 POLITICIANS ARMED FORCES BUREAUCRATS OTHERS 55 BUSINESSMEN
  12. 12. The Impact
  13. 13. • Reduction of corruption from the highest levels • Establishment of credibility • Sustainability assured • General respect and fear of accountability
  14. 14. The National Anti-corruption Strategy By adopting a three pronged approach Of: - Prevention - Awareness - Enforcement
  15. 15. Some decisions and steps • Project for Improving Financial Reporting & Auditing-transparency & accountability • Strengthening Internal Controls: CFO & IA • Establishment of Vigilance Units • Computerization of Asset declarations and their monitoring • Access to information – proposed changes in Rules of Business 1973
  16. 16. The Awareness campaign
  17. 17. Objectives of Awareness Campaign • Mobilize public support in the fight against corruption through; – Creating awareness of ill effects of corruption including impact on poverty alleviation and other development programs – Educating the people in how to be effective partners against corruption – Promote positive values to change the ethos and create abhorrence of corruption
  18. 18. Vision A stable Pakistan that is prosperous and has self sustaining integrity mechanisms by which corruption is eliminated
  19. 19. Thank You

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