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R montreal-2014-10-22-v3

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http://dianemercier.com/donnees-ouvertes-qualite-et-visualisation/


FR: La nature des données ouvertes évolue rapidement en volume, en vélocité et en variété. Plus ces caractéristiques vont croître, plus les problèmes liés au manque de qualité des données vont compromettre la qualité de l'analyse, de la visualisation et des applications qui les réutiliseront. L'exposé identifiera certains de ces problèmes et ouvrira la discussion à des solutions.


EN: The nature of open data evolves rapidly in volume, velocity and variety. More these features will grow, more problems related to lack of data quality will compromise the quality of analysis, visualization and applications that will reuse it. The presentation will identify some of these issues and will open discussion about solutions.

Published in: Data & Analytics
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R montreal-2014-10-22-v3

  1. 1. Données ouvertes, qualité et visualisation Dre Diane Mercier Chercheure associée au LICEF de la Télé-Université MTL Data | Montréal R User Group (Meetup), 22 octobre 2014
  2. 2. Raconter des histoires, être étonné, douter, croire... Who How ?
  3. 3. La révolution des données 3V : VOLUME + VÉLOCITÉ + VARIÉTÉ Passage et coexistence : « Petites données » < – > « Mégadonnées »
  4. 4. L'accélération du transfert des connaissances Complexité du contexte Connaissances Le spectr e du savoir. © Diane Mercier, 2005, 2007, 2014 Complexité des relations Compréhension Chaos Données Information Sagesse Compréhension des principes Compréhension des modèles Compréhension des relations
  5. 5. Qualité des données ouvertes Cycle du transfert Création Organisation Diffusion Utilisation 10 principes de l'OKFN « 5 stars » (Berners-Lee, 2006) adoptées par CKAN Manifeste des données utilisateurs
  6. 6. Constats de la recherche-action (2010-2014) La qualité des données est le résultat d'une négociation Le dialogue et la rétroaction
  7. 7. Mercier, 2014; Kitchin, 2014 Nous sommes ici… à la petite enfance (Trad) 2007) (Trad. de Suresh et Maresh, 2006:39 par Mercier, 2007)
  8. 8. Pistes de solution | Avenues de recherche | Discussion Engagement Gouvernance des bonnes pratiques Autonomisation Intermédiarité
  9. 9. http://dianemercier.com @carnetsDM | @OKFNca LICEF (TÉLUQ) Webbographie du libre
  10. 10. Données ouvertes, qualité et visualisation Références Extraits de la Webographie du libre | Données ouvertes, qualité et visualisation 3D Visualization: Need For Data Quality | 3DVW. (n.d.). Repéré à http://www.3dvisworld.com/3DVW/?p=370 5 conditions pour favoriser l’ouverture des données | Les carnets de Diane Mercier. (n.d.). Repéré à http://dianemercier.com/5-conditions-pour-favoriser-louverture- des-donnees/ Audet, M. (1994). Plasticité, instrumentalité et réflexivité. Dans Cartes cognitives et organisations (pp. 187‑198). Sainte-Foy, Québec : Les Presses de l’Université Laval ; Éditions ESKA. COMSODE. (2014). Components Supporting the Open Data Exploitation » Deliverables. Repéré à http://www.comsode.eu/index.php/deliverables/ Do visualizations need to be « accurate »? — Fell in Love with Data. (n.d.). Repéré à http://fellinlovewithdata.com/reflections/accurate-visualization Foucault, Michel. (1980). Power / Knowledge: Selected Interviews and other writings, 10972-1977. (S.l.) : Pantheon Books. Repéré à https://fr.scribd.com/doc/33534668/Foucault-Power-Knowledge Four critiques of open data initiatives | The Programmable City. (n.d.). Repéré à http://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity/2013/11/four-critiques-of-open- data-initiatives/ Guidoin, Stéphane, & McKinney, James. (2012). Open Data, Standards and Socrata. Repéré à http://blog.opennorth.ca/2012/11/22/open-data-standards/ Kitchin, Rob. (n.d.). The Data Revolution: Big Data, Open Data, Data Infrastructures and Their Consequences. Repéré à http://www.uk.sagepub.com/books/Book242780 Kitchin, Rob, & Lauriault, Tracey. (2014). Small data in the era of big data - Online First - Springer. GeoJournal. Repéré à http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10708-014-9601-7 Lemieux, Victoria. (n.d.). Why we’re failing to get the most out of open data - Forum:Blog Forum:Blog | The World Economic Forum. Repéré à http://forumblog.org/2014/09/open-data-information-governance-quality/ Mercier, D. (2007). Le transfert informel des connaissances tacites chez les gestionnaires municipaux en situation de coordination. Thèse numérique pour un grade de Ph.D. Université de Montréal, École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l’information, Montréal. (Pierrette Bergeron, Ph.D., directrice de recherche.). Repéré à https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/xmlui/handle/1866/780 Mercier, D. (2013). De l’engagement citoyen. Argus, (automne), 38‑39. Polanyi, Michael. (1951). La Logique de la liberté. Paris : Presses universitaires de France. Repéré à http://www.institutcoppet.org/wp-content/ uploads/2012/06/La-logique-de-la-libert%C3%A9.pdf Pollock, Rufus. (2013). Forget big data, small data is the real revolution | News | theguardian.com. Repéré à http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/apr/25/forget-big-data-small-data-revolution Processus de libération des données - Document en progrès. (n.d.). Repéré à http://donnees.ville.montreal.qc.ca/aide-et-entraide/processus-de-liberation- des-donnees/ Storytelling: ncva.itn.liu.se: Linköping University. (n.d.). Repéré à http://ncva.itn.liu.se/storytelling?l=en Training Students to Extract Value from Big Data: Summary of a Workshop. (2014). (S.l.) : National Academies Press. Repéré à http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18981 Working Paper 3: Republic of Ireland’s Open Data Strategy: Observations and Recommendations by Tracey P. Lauriault :: SSRN. (n.d.). Repéré à http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2508016 Yau, Nathan. (2013). Data visualisation - De l’extraction des données à leur... - Librairie Eyrolles (Eyrolles). (S.l.) : (s.n.). Repéré à http://www.eyrolles.com/Informatique/Livre/data-visualisation-9782212135992
  11. 11. Données ouvertes, qualité et visualisation Sources des images 1 : http://dianemercier.com 2 : http://ncva.itn.liu.se/storytelling?l=en 3 : https://plus.google.com/photos/ +AgostinaBerardi/albums/5627159426113221681/57647679163105 29330?pid=5764767916310529330&oid=104003515734304964892 4 : http://web-in-elsass.soup.io/tag/Alsace%20%C3%A9conomique 5 : http://www.podcastscience.fm/dossiers/2011/03/17/la-suite-de-fibonacci- nombre-d-or/attachment/coquille_mollusque/ 6 : Fusion Communications et Design - http://www.carrefourmunicipal.qc.ca/images/documents/Publication/ Magazines/2014/Automne_2014.pdf 7 : http://dianemercier.com 8 : Fusion Communications et Design - http://www.carrefourmunicipal.qc.ca/images/documents/Publication/ Magazines/2014/Automne_2014.pdf 9 : Michel Falardeau - http://revueargus.org/?page_id=926

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