Topic :-Types of carpets
Prepared by : Dipika Chavla
A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of pile? attached to a
backing. where, pile is the raised surface of a fabric which is made of upright loops or
strands of yarn. e.g. are corduroy, velvet, plush, and towels. The pile is generally
either made from wool or fibers such as polyester, nylon etc. and backing means the
backside/base of a carpet. The term "carpet" can be applied to a floor covering that
covers an entire house.
Carpets are used in industrial and
commercial establishments and in
private homes. Carpets are used for a
variety of purposes, including
insulating a person's feet from a cold
tile or concrete floor, making a room
more comfortable as a place to sit on
the floor (e.g., when playing with
children or praying in Arabic culture)
and adding decoration or colour to a
Carpet is most commonly found in two major and several sub types types of
Cut pile carpets
Loop pile carpets
Level loop or berber
Patterned multilevel loop
Cut and loop
Let’s discuss these types in short…..
Cut pile and loop carpets are the two major styles; every carpet is either a cut
pile or a loop pile. So what about the carpets with fancy style names like
frieze, Berber, or plush? These are all subcategories of cut or loop carpets
Every carpet is cut or looped, but some carpets have other unique
construction characteristics, such as twists or fiber height, that give them a
Cut pile carpets cut the yarn tips. These carpets gets its durability through
the fiber used, the density of the tufts, and the twist of the yarn.
Loop pile carpets do not cut the yarn tips, making the loops visible. They are
durable in construction, and are considered an “all-purpose” carpet. There
are various styles to choose from including: level loop, patterned multi-level
loop, and cut and loop
Plush: This has a smooth and even finish,
providing a more formal look.
Textured: This style uses low density fibers of
uneven heights. The resulting look hides dirt
with an informal look, but it is not suited for
high traffic areas.
Saxony: This has a smooth and even finish,
but the fibers are longer than a textured
plush, and the fibers have a twist. Though
this is the most popular style of carpet on the
market, it has a tendency to show footprints
and other marks more than other carpets.
Cable: This style of carpet is made with
thicker and longer fibers to provide a more
“cozy” feel to the carpet when walked on.
freeze: This carpet style features long fibers
with more twists, so the resulting texture is
informal. It hides foot prints and other
marks easier than other carpets, but is
generally not suited for high traffic areas. If
the piles are longer, it is called “shag.”
Friezes often mean a twisty, medium
height that creates a less formal but perfect
foundation for a variety of settings.
Level Loop or Berber:
This carpet style features packed short looped
fibers. This provides a durable surface for high
trafficked areas with an informal appearance.
Some color flecks in the fiber may make it easier
to hide dirt, but the height of the fibers may
make the seams more visible.
Patterned Multi-Level Loop:
This carpet style features loops of varying
heights to create a texture and or pattern
Cut and Loop:
This carpet style is a mixture between cut pile
and loop pile fibers. The variant makes for a
textured appearance that is ideal for highly
trafficked areas. As an added bonus, this type of
carpet also hides dirt and stains.
The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar
to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or Berber. These
carpets are usually the most expensive due to the
relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process.
These are very famous in India, Pakistan and Arabia.
These carpets are more technologically advanced.
Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting
individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked
needles forming an extremely durable carpet. These
carpets are normally found in commercial settings such
as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic.
On a knotted pile carpet the structural weft threads
alternate with a supplementary weft that rises at right angles to
the surface of the weave. This supplementary weft is attached
to the warp by one of three knot types such as shag
carpet which was popular in the 1970s, to form the pile
or nap of the carpet. Knotting by hand is most prevalent
in oriental rugs and carpets. Kashmir carpets are also hand-
These are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing
material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a
woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. The
pile is often sheared in order to achieve different textures.
flat weave :
A flat weave carpet is created by interlocking warp
(vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads. Types of oriental flat woven
carpet include kilim,soumak, plain weave, and tapestry weave.