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WORLD TB Day 2015

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WORLD TB Day 2015

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WORLD TB Day 2015

  1. 1. WORLD TB Day 2015 24 th March "Reach the 3 Million: Reach, Treat, Cure Everyone“ Dr.T.V.Rao MD
  2. 2. March 24 commemorates with …… • It commemorates the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch astounded the scientific community by announcing that he had discovered the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus. At the time of Koch's announcement in Berlin, TB was raging through Europe and the Americas, causing the death of one out of every seven people. Koch's discovery opened the way towards diagnosing and curing TB.
  3. 3. History of world tb day • In 1982, on the one-hundredth anniversary of Robert Koch's presentation, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed that March 24 be proclaimed an official World TB Day. This was part of a year-long centennial effort by the IUATLD and the World Health Organization (WHO) under the theme “Defeat TB: Now and Forever.
  4. 4. World TB Day 2015 to Create Global Awareness • This World TB Day 2015 will signal a renewed effort to alert Ministers of Health to the global, regional and national TB emergency, emphasizing the unacceptable situation that many cases of TB go undiagnosed, untreated or are not cured. It is a chance to engage with National TB Programme Managers and other stakeholders to improve the quality of existing programmes and the access to care and services.
  5. 5. The theme will be:
  6. 6. World TB Day Creates Public Awareness • World TB Day, falling on March 24th each year, is designed to build public awareness that tuberculosis today remains an epidemic in much of the world, causing the deaths of nearly one-and-a-half million people each year, mostly in developing countries
  7. 7. THINK OF TUBERCULOSIS
  8. 8. World TB Day 2015: “ Reach the 3 Million: Reach, Treat, Cure Everyone” • Every year, on 24 March, the world marks World TB Day (WTBD), one of the world’s top health challenges with 9 million new TB cases and the deaths of nearly 1.5 million people each year. The Day is an occasion to mobilize political and social commitment for further progress towards eliminating TB as a public health burden.
  9. 9. World TB Day 2015 • This World TB Day 2015 will signal a renewed effort to alert Ministers of Health to the global, regional and national TB emergency, emphasizing the unacceptable situation that many cases of TB go undiagnosed, untreated or are not cured. It is a chance to engage with National TB Programme Managers and other stakeholders to improve the quality of existing programmes and the access to care and services.
  10. 10. World TB Day in India • World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated every year by the people all across the world at international level on 24th of March. It is celebrated to raise the common public awareness about the epidemic disease of tuberculosis as well as get their efforts in order to totally eradicate this disease. As around 1.7 million of the people are dying of this disease every year. 24th of March has been established to commemorate the tuberculosis day by all at one place in order to get some solution to eradicate it from the world.
  11. 11. The "missed" three million • TB is curable, but our current efforts to find, treat and cure everyone who gets ill with the disease are not sufficient. • Of the nine million people a year who get sick with TB, a third of them are "missed" by public health systems. • Many of these three million people live in the world's poorest, most vulnerable communities and include groups such as migrants, miners, drug users and sex workers.
  12. 12. OUR Aim everyone to access to treatment Make believe and work with dedication that no one should be left behind in the fight against TB. This World TB Day, we call for a global effort to find, treat and cure the three million and accelerate progress towards zero TB deaths, infections, suffering and stigma.
  13. 13. What are our goals • We must invest in basic research and research and development for new tools - diagnostics, drugs and vaccines - in order to reach people faster, treat them more quickly and ultimately prevent them from becoming ill with TB.
  14. 14. Many will call on the infected people • This World TB Day, people all over the world, from TB programme managers to frontline health care providers will make a call to Reach the three million and ensure that everyone suffering from TB has access to adequate TB care, including diagnosis, treatment and cure.
  15. 15. World tb day 2015 targets many groups of infected .. • The post-2015 End TB Strategy aims to end the TB pandemic by 2035. A dramatic change needs to take place over the next few years in how we fight TB. Our current tools use technology that is old and outdated, with treatment regimens that are long, complicated and with huge side effects, and with a vaccine that is 90 years old and not very effective, with no point-of-care diagnosis. It is an opportunity to start thinking out of the box through several ways:
  16. 16. What we really mean • Active case finding which means radical, innovative ways of delivering services, new • tools, new boundaries with active interventions for people affected by TB in the most • vulnerable groups. • 2. Investing in interventions tailored to the economic, geographical and social landscape. • 3. Adjusting interventions to 2015 tools and thinking in new ways with a better relianceon creative information and communications technological (ICT) tools and platforms.
  17. 17. What we really mean • 4 Broadening the spectrum of partners’ engagement in the fight against TB by engaging with partners in tobacco, nutrition, diabetes and others as well as non-medical partners to include social development, urban planning, and the private sector. • 5. Using innovative thinking in implementing current and future tools and delivering • services.
  18. 18. MAJOR HAPPENINGS ON TUBERCULOSIS
  19. 19. Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) – Guidelines for TB Control in India • RNTCP India was implemented in 1997 based on the WHO recommended strategy of Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS). The diagnosis is made primarily by sputum microscopy, which is made available free of cost to patients at designated microscopy centres. Treatment is provided under direct observation by a DOT Provider at the DOTS centre near patients’ home. Enhanced supervision is ensured through a ‘Tuberculosis Unit’, a sub-district level unit comprising of specialized staff. The programme has detailed guidelines for Programme Management, Programmatic Management of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (PMDT), TB-HIV, Paediatric TB, Supervision and Monitoring, Public Private Mix (PPM), Airborne Infection Control.
  20. 20. Follow the rntcp guidelines • RNTCP ( Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme) is an application of WHO recommended strategy of DOTS in India. It is largely based on the research done at National Tuberculosis Institute, Bangalore and Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21
  21. 21. Objectives of rntcp • Objectives: • 1- Detecting at least 70% of sputum positive tuberculosis patients in the community. • 2- Curing at least 85% of the newly detected sputum positive cases. • Components of DOTS (Directly observed treatment strategy) • 1- Political and administrative commitment at all levels. • 2- Diagnosis through sputum microscopy • 3- Uninterrupted supply of short course chemotherapy drugs. • 4- Direct observation of drug intake ( DOTS) • 5- Systematic monitoring, evaluation and supervision at all levels.
  22. 22. Do not forget • As per the Government regulations Tuberculosis is a Notifiable disease and it is the Responsibility of every Physician treating the Tuberculosis patients
  23. 23. Make the World a Safe place to Live Control Tuberculosis
  24. 24. Everyone is concerned to stop TB ARE YOU
  25. 25. • Programme Designed by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Medial and Health care workers in Developing Countries from WHO / CDC and national guidelines • Email • doctortvrao@gmail.com

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