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Moving through MOOCs

Moving through MOOCs: Pedagogy, Learning and Patterns of Engagement.
Presentation at EC-TEL 2015, September, 2015, Toledo, Spain.

[This is the shorter, more visual version. The detailed version is available at http://www.slideshare.net/R3beccaF/moving-through-moocs-pedagogy-learning-and-patterns-of-engagement.]

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are part of the lifelong learning experience of people worldwide. Many of these learners participate fully. However, the high levels of dropout on most of these courses are a cause for concern. Previous studies have suggested that there are patterns of engagement within MOOCs that vary according to the pedagogy employed. The current paper builds on this work and examines MOOCs from different providers that have been offered on the FutureLearn platform. A cluster analysis of these MOOCs shows that engagement patterns are related to pedagogy and course duration. Learners did not work through a three-week MOOC in the same ways that learners work through the first three weeks of an eight-week MOOC.

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Moving through MOOCs

  1. 1. Moving through MOOCs: Pedagogy, Learning and Patterns of Engagement Rebecca Ferguson, Doug Clow (OU) Russell Beale, Alison J Cooper (Birmingham) Neil Morris (Leeds) Siân Bayne, Amy Woodgate (Edinburgh)
  2. 2. 2 These slides: http://bit.ly/1FfQ5y4 Detailed slides: http://bit.ly/1UVCZgI Photo: Rebecca Ferguson
  3. 3. 3 Have you: • Seen a MOOC? • Completed a MOOC? • … on more than one platform? • … on more than three platforms? Photo (CC)-BY-NC-ND Peter Nijenhuis https://flic.kr/p/czhGbq
  4. 4. 4 https://www.coursera.org/course/pgm
  5. 5. 5Scottish Independence Referendum, 19 Sep 2015 Photo © Time http://time.com/3400609/scotland-votes-to-stay-the-same-and-for-change/
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7 Coursera study: • Sampling • Auditing • Disengaging • Completing Photo CC-BY Albert Bridge http://www.geograph.ie/photo/2927355 OU study: 1. Samplers 2. Strong Starters 3. Returners 4. Mid-way Dropouts 5. Nearly There 6. Later Completers 7. Keen Completers This study: • More universities • More MOOCs • More clusters
  8. 8. 8Galaxy cluster Abell 1758, (CC) BY-NC NASA Marshall Space Flight Center https://flic.kr/p/8wFrUX Code weekly behaviour Cluster analysis (k-means)
  9. 9. 9 Phase three: suitable values for k TalkMOOC3: k=3 Phase three Quiet (1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0) ● The largest cluster ● Visit a quarter of course steps ● Do not comment in first week ● Only 7% comment at all ● Only 9% engage with second half of course Contributors (3, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0) ● 19% of cohort ● Visit 38% of course steps ● Every cluster member posts in first week of course ● Half do not comment again Consistent engagers (3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1) ● 11% of cohort ● Visit 82% of course steps ● Engage throughout course ● Every cluster member posts a comment ● 95% contribute more than three comments ● 7% contribute more than 100 comments
  10. 10. 10 Phase three: suitable values for k ShortMOOC4: k=4 Phase three Very weak starters (2, 1, 0) ● The largest cluster ● Visit 20% of steps ● 20% do not engage in first week Strong starters (truncated) (10, 1, 0) ● 17% of cohort ● Submit week 1 assessment ● Do not submit another assessment ● Almost half post comment Returners (truncated) (3, 3, 1) ● Most submit week 1 assessment ● All submit week 2 assessment ● Half submit at least one comment Keen completers (truncated) (9, 9, 9) ● Visit more than 90% of steps ● Submit work on time ● Engage throughout
  11. 11. 11 Phase three: suitable values for k ShortMOOC5: k=5 Phase three Samplers (truncated) (1, 0, 0) ● Visit few steps ● Includes many latecomers (>25%) ● Very few submit assessment Strong starters (truncated) (9, 1, 0) ● Submit week 1 assessment ● Do not submit another assessment Returners (truncated) (8, 8, 2) ● Most submit week 1 assessment ● All submit week 2 assessment Keen completers (truncated) (9, 9, 9) ● Visit more than 90% of steps ● Submit work on time ● Engage throughout Improvers (5, 6, 9) ● Activity increases each week ● Final assessment submitte on time
  12. 12. 12“Sweep it under the carpet”, Banksy, Hoxton Photo szater https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Banksy_-_Sweep_at_Hoxton.jpg
  13. 13. 13 Photo (CC)-BY-SA Grace Kat https://flic.kr/p/9A4iTn
  14. 14. 14 Rebecca Ferguson @R3beccaF Doug Clow @dougclow These slides: http://bit.ly/1FfQ5y4 Detailed slides: http://bit.ly/1UVCZgI

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