Professional hazards of sailors by Dr Christy Joseph T. (B.A.M.S., M.D., PhD)email@example.com mob:09895313720 08182644720
Relevance of this topic for sailorsGoals of a Sailor1.Reach the destination in shortest duration2.World tour-Go round the globe beyond dreams3.Entertainement- Enjoy moments of journeying the sea4.High contacts5.High reputation6. Conquering hassles with ease
Possible Obstacles1.Isolation with disrupted communication2.Drastic climatic conditions3.Compulsive and prolonged indulgence in an awkward posture4.Mental stress and tension5.Loss of sleep6.Lack of rest7. Resource depletion
How these obstacles affect the body?• Muscle cramps, back ache, cervical pain, fatigue• sunburn, tanning of skin, sticky skin• blurred vision, dryness of eye• headache, insomnia, hypertension, lack of concentration, irritability
Muscle cramps• Prolonged awkward postures• Muscle stretching and contraction• Dehydration• Low levels of certain minerals (magnesium,potassium,calcium & sodium)
Back painCervical pain Back ache• Sitting with a constant • Prolonged sitting and neck posture for long constant jerky movements• Muscles and ligaments of neck region stretch for • Fatigue of back long. muscles and ligaments.
Back Pain Overview: A Guide for Understanding Back Pain Back pain can take on a wide variety of characteristics:• The pain may be constant, intermittent, or only occur with certain positions or activities• The pain may remain in one spot or refer or radiate to other areas• It may be a dull ache, or a sharp or piercing or burning sensation• The problem may be in the neck or low back but may radiate into the leg or foot (sciatica), arm or hand. (sciatica
Back Pain Causes: Overview of Conditions That Can Create Back Pain• Lumbar herniated disc• Lumbar spinal stenosis• Degenerative disc disease• Ischemic spondylolisthesis• Osteoarthritis (spondylosis)
Lower Back Pain Symptoms and Diagnosis1.Back Pain Symptoms from a Sprain or Strain• Pain is usually localized in the low back (doesn’t radiate down the leg)• Pain often starts after lifting something heavy, lifting while twisting, or a sudden movement or fall• Pain may include muscle spasms, tenderness upon touch• Pain is less when resting and worse during certain activities
2.Chronic Back Pain Symptoms• Leg pain (sciatica) and possible numbness.• Pain with certain movement and positions (such as bending forward, running).• Lower back pain, often accompanied by leg pain, which worsens when standing or walking for long periods.• Lower back pain that is worse in the morning and in the evening, and stiffness (usually in older adults).• Pain that is felt down the legs when walking and standing upright and that feels worse with more walking and gets better after sitting down (usually in older adults).
Back Pain Risk Factors: What Can Increase The Potential for Back Problems?• Aging .• Genetics .• Occupational hazards .Any job that requires repetitive bending and lifting has a high incidence of back injury (e.g., construction worker, submarine and sailors , nurse). Jobs that require long hours of standing without a break (e.g., barber) or sitting in a chair (e.g., software developer)• Sedentary lifestyle .• Excess weight .• Poor posture .• Pregnancy .• Smoking .The study on smoking and low back pain, which prospectively examined 1,337 physicians who graduated from Johns Hopkins University between 1948 and 1964, followed some participants for more than 50 years. Researchers discovered that smoking history, hypertension and coronary artery disease were significantly associated with the development of low back pain.
Sun burn• Constant exposure to sunlight• Heat scars on skin by over activity of infrared rays.Tanning of skin• By the action of uv rays• The melanin content of skin increases.Sticky Skin• By constant contact with humid salty wind• The skin gets sticky and dry.Psoriasis• Skin becomes sticky, dry and flaky Itching along with oozing
Blurred Vision• Continuous exposure to salty water, humid air and hot sunDry eye• Constant air current attacking the eyes• Sclera of eye dried up causing painful eyelid movements.
Tension Headache• There is no single cause for it• Tension headaches are caused by tightened muscles in the back of the neck and scalp.This muscle tension may be caused by:• Inadequate rest• Poor posture• Emotional /Mental stress (depression & Anxiety)• Fatigue• Hunger• Overexertion
Insomnia• Anxiety and headacheHypertension• Mental agony and thrillLack of concentration• Anxiety caused by upcoming hurdles• Constant fatigue.Irritability• increased blood pressure• AgonyHairfall• Due to sticky nature of the air,• Scalp becomes sticky, dry and flaky
Indigestion• Drastic climatic changes• Shaky movements• intake of precooked packed food for daysMituration difficulties• Decreased water intake• Burning micturation• Symptoms of urinary tract infection.Respiratory problems• The air passage dry• symptoms of breathlessness, cough, nasal catarrhSea Sickness:• The constant shaky movements of the vessel• The typical smell of sea• nausea and vomiting
How to get rid from these effects?• Muscle cramps, back ache, cervical pain, fatigue• Sunburn, Tanning of skin, sticky skin• Psoriasis• Blurred vision, dryness of eye• Headache, insomnia, hypertension, lack of concentration, irritability
Ayurveda procedures beneficial forMuscle cramps, back ache, cervical pain, fatigueAbhyangam, Elakizhi, Katee Vasthy, Pizhichil, Njavarakizhi, Vasthy and Virechana
Ayurveda procedures beneficialfor Sunburn, tanning of skin, sticky skin Cleansing massage and abhyanga, Herbal steam bath scrubbing and herbalpack, ksheera or oil dhara, njavarakizhi, udwarthanam
Ayurveda procedures beneficial for PsoriasisSnehapanam, Swedanam, Vamanam, Virechanam and Rejuvenation
Ayurveda procedures beneficial for Headache, Insomnia, Hypertension, Lackof concentration, Irritability Blurred vision, Dryness of eyeTarpanam, Anjanam, Thalapothichil and Takradhara
• We have more time to get fit as we get older, but. . . . . . From our late twenties up to our late thirties, we spend most of our time on our careers, partners and the responsibilities. As we reach our 50’s and beyond, we generally have fewer work responsibilities. We have more time for exercise. But our bodies are not the same as they were when we turned 30.
The main areas that people find deteriorate as they age are a Loss of Strength Poor Balance Reduced Flexibility and Stamina.Everyone can maximize their health and fitness as they mature by taking time for age-appropriate exercises – on top of adapting a healthier diet.So my focus here when I develop a program for over- 50s is “bang for your buck” – maximum results for minimum time spent to help slow the aging process.