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The Difference Between ADD & ADHD


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Helping those with ADD or ADHD become successful and well-adjusted individuals.

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The Difference Between ADD & ADHD

  1. 1. The Difference BetweenThe Difference BetweenADD & ADHDADD & ADHD
  2. 2. IntroductionIntroductionADD and ADHD are both deficit disorders that mostly affect children,even though grown-ups can also show signs of these. If the two mightlook like one and the same to the untrained eye, they do differ onseveral points.In this presentation, we will see exactly what ADD and ADHD standfor and the main differences between them.
  3. 3. What Is ADD?What Is ADD?Generally speaking, when people refer to ADD (or AttentionDeficit Disorder), they really mean ADHD.However, ADD does exist but only in relation to ADHD, as itrepresents but 1 of its 3 subtypes. In 1994, the designation waschanged in the DSM-IV(the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ofMental Disorders, fourth edition) to ADHD-PI, in order toreflect that kinship.The main symptoms of ADD or ADHD-PI are :ProcrastinationInattentionDisorganizationDistractibility
  4. 4. What Is ADHD?What Is ADHD?ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is the generaldesignation for all mental as well as neurobehavioral disorders whichshow symptoms of impulsiveness, inattention and hyperactivity.As we mentioned in the previous slide, there are 3 subtypes of ADHDthat distinguish themselves by the dominant feature of theirsyndrome :ADHD-PI: in this case, the main deficit will be inattentionADHD-HI : here, the culprits will be hyperactivity and impulsivenessADHD-C : this subtype is a combination of the first two, so a child whosdiagnosed with ADHD-C will present all three symptoms in (almost)equivalent proportions
  5. 5. What Is ADHD?What Is ADHD?In what ways does ADHD present itself? What are the general signs andhow to determine whether your child is affected by this disorder or not?The problem with ADHD lies in the fact that the symptoms that define itsdiagnostic are very hard to detect because a large part of the populationexhibits similar traits. So, where exactly to draw the line ?As a rule of thumb, we will consider that there is ADHD probability if theerratic behavior of a person starts to strongly interfere with his/herlearning or relationships. Here are some common signs that might act asgiveaways:Not being able to sit still or wait for one’s turnHaving trouble focusing on one thing at a timeShowing boredom very quickly if not playing or doing something fun
  6. 6. Differences between ADD &Differences between ADD &ADHDADHDAs we just learned throughout this presentation, our initial questionwas skewed from the start. You cant compare a subdivision to thecategory that includes it; this wouldnt make much sense.So, what we should do instead is determine the difference betweenADD and the other two types of ADHD (not the syndrome as awhole).Here is what we can say :While ADHD-HI and ADHD-C are determined by the high level ofhyperactivity that they cause, ADHD-PI sufferers will show no sign ofimpulsivity, on the contrary...Compared to the other subtypes, ADHD-PI (or ADD) is characterized byfatigue and lethargy on the patients part
  7. 7. Different but Similar in theDifferent but Similar in theTreatment?Treatment?If every subtype of ADHD possesses its own set of symptoms, canthey all – under the cover of a shared group – be treated the sameway?Looking at recent studies, it does seem like effective techniques tomanage one type of ADHD will also work for another.Those proven methods are:Medication I: the use of stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall canhelp in making the person feel calmer and more able to focusMedication II: antidepressants like Zoloft or Prozac might achievethe same result if, for one reason or another, the patient can’t takestimulantsTherapy: psycho or behavioral therapy are good candidates as theyimprove the different organizational skills of the child
  8. 8. ConclusionConclusionADD, ADHD, if those terms are interchangeable in everyday speech,they do however represent different disorders and realities.We hope that, with this small presentation, you will now understandthe differences between the two and that you will also have learnedhow to recognize their symptoms as well as how to deal with them.
  9. 9. For more information, tests and tips on ADHD,check out our site of reference:
  10. 10. For more information, tests and tips on ADHD,check out our site of reference: