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Ghana | May-16 | ECREEE and oportunities for improving Energy Access in West Africa

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Presenter: Yuri Lima Handem – RE Expert

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Ghana | May-16 | ECREEE and oportunities for improving Energy Access in West Africa

  1. 1. Yuri Lima Handem – RE Expert ECREEE and oportunities for improving Energy Access in West Africa “Smart Villages, West Africa regional Workshop” Towards Sustainable Energy
  2. 2. Outline of the presentation • ECREEE: ECOWAS Centre For Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency • Current situation of rural electrification in the ECOWAS region • Regional and national ambitious goals for RE and energy access • Oportunities for improving energy access through Clean Mini Grids www.ecreee.org
  3. 3. ECREEE was established to support the member states in realizing their RE and EE potential • ECREEE: Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS) Centre For Renewable Energy And Energy Efficiency • Established by Regulation C/REG. 23/11/08 of the 61st Session of the ECOWAS Council of Ministers on November 23, 2008. as the ECOWAS agency with the mandate to promote RE&EE markets • Secretariat is based in Praia, Cape Verde with National Focal Institutions (NFIs) among all ECOWAS countries • Established with support of core partners: • Official Inauguration of the Centre on 6th July 2010 • ECREEE was appointed by the ECOWAS Energy Ministers as the SE4ALL Focal Point for West Africa www.ecreee.org
  4. 4. West Africa huge energy efficiency and renewable energy potential is so far largely unexploited due to some barriers www.ecreee.org Low Access to Modern Energy Services Climate Changes Energy Security
  5. 5. CONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS • Financial/Economics:  High upfront costs of solar or wind compared with smaller scale conventional systems even where competitive;  Lack of large scale projects at regional level to take advantage of higher solar or wind resource endowments and economies of scale;  Lack of innovative financing mechanisms. • Policy and Institutional Issues:  Absence of political targets for renewable energy in general and solar/wind in particular, in many countries;  Non-existent or weak policy measures for level playing field in many countries;  Weak national agencies with unclear responsibility for solar/wind in many countries. • Capacity Building & Technology Transfer  Inadequate skilled technical manpower in many countries.  Limited or no local manufacturing due to small national markets.  Limited R&D with little or no linkages to entrepreneurial/ manufacturing sector. WWW.ECREEE.ORG
  6. 6. ECREEE results areas are designed to address those barriers www.ecreee.org RESULT AREA 2: Capacity building RESULT AREA 1: Tailored policy, legal and regulatory frameworks RESULT AREA 3: Knowledge management, awareness raising, networks and advocacy RESULT AREA 4: Business and Investment Promotion
  7. 7. Outline of the presentation • ECREEE: ECOWAS Centre For Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency • Current situation of rural electrification in the ECOWAS region • Regional and national ambitious goals for RE and energy access • Oportunities for improving energy access through Clean Mini Grids www.ecreee.org
  8. 8. In the ECOWAS 42% of the population has access to electricity (8% if we consider only the rural population) www.ecreee.org 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Benin Burkina Faso Cabo Verde Côte d’Ivoire The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea Bissau Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Share(%)ofPopulation Electricity Access Rates in ECOWAS Member States National Rate (%) Urban Rate (%) Rural Rate (%) Source: ECREEE, REN21 More than 175 million people with no access to improved electricity services
  9. 9. The distributed generation is already playing an import role to promote access to electricity 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Benin Burkina Faso Cabo Verde Côte d'Ivoire Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea Bissau Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo ShareofPopulation (Percent) Share of Electrified Population Relying on Grid-connected or Distributed Systems in ECOWAS Member States Mini-grid or stand-alone systems Grid-connected Source: ECREEE, IRENA # existing clean energy mini-grids 0 3 02 0 0 12 1 29 0 107 1 0Several Source: ECREEE
  10. 10. Outline of the presentation • ECREEE: ECOWAS Centre For Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency • Current situation of rural electrification in the ECOWAS region • Regional and national ambitious goals for RE and energy access • Oportunities for improving energy access through Clean Mini Grids www.ecreee.org
  11. 11. ECOWAS RE POLICY TARGETS BY 2020/2030 WWW.ECREEE.ORG Grid-Connected RE Targets 2020 2030 RE share in total ECOWAS electricity mix (incl. large hydro) 35% 48% RE share in total ECOWAS generation capacity (excl. large hydro) 10% 2.425 MW 19% 7.606 MW Rural RE Targets 2020 2030 Rural population supplied by mini-grids and stand- alone system 22% 25% Mini-Grids to be installed 60,000 3,600 MW 128,000 7,680 MW Population served with improved stoves 60% 100% Population with access to LPG 17% 32%
  12. 12. The ECOWAS goal: universal access for all the citizens becomes a reality in 2030 www.ecreee.org Rural RE Electricity Targets 2020 2030 Share of rural population supplied by mini-grids and stand-alone systems in % 22% 25% Mini-Grids to be installed 60,000 3,600 MW 128,000 7,680 MW Stand-alone systems 210,000 262,000 Investment (b€) 32,3 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 2010 2020 2030 Population in mio inhbts Not supplied Stand-alone Off-grid Rural Mini Grids Grid-based Rural Population having access in 2010 Source: EREP
  13. 13. The majority of the countries have already established ambitious goals and measures to achieve them Financial support to developers through rural electrification funds Output-based subsidies for energy services products Traditional subsidies Direct public investments in access projects Special support for Renewable energy Electricity access goal 35% rur by 2025 36% by 2025 50% by 2015 100% by 2020 100% by 2030 95% urb. 62% rur by 2022 65% rur by 2030 55% urb. 87% rur by 2030 100% by 2030 82% by 2030 75% by 2020 80% rur by 2030 100% by 2030 100% by 2017
  14. 14. The ECOWREX (http://www.ecowrex.org/ ) is our main knowledge management tool Country Profile:an overview of the ECOWAS member states based on various energy and socio-economic indicators Interactive Map Viewer: Combining human activities, infrastructure and energy potential helps us to take informed decisions Analysis and Trends: Compare countries indicators over time www.ecreee.org
  15. 15. Some countries are using Geographic Information Systems for rural electrification planning www.ecreee.org A regional project has just begun to scale up on the existing initiatives to develop maps on energy access and identify the most cost effective technologies to improve the access rate. Source: KNUST
  16. 16. Outline of the presentation • ECREEE: ECOWAS Centre For Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency • Current situation of rural electrification in the ECOWAS region • Regional and national ambitious goals for RE and energy access • Oportunities for improving energy access through Clean Mini Grids www.ecreee.org
  17. 17. Oportunities through Clean Mini Grids • Grid extension (For villages close to the National grid) • Clean Mini grid – Settlements with high populations densities – Isolated areas – Increased rate of access – Smart grid – Main barrier: regulatory and legal framework (e.g. Tariff) • Stand alone systems (Scattered settlements) www.ecreee.org
  18. 18. West Africa clean energy mini-grids market is still “grant dominated” although investments are starting to materialise Source: Trama TecnoAmbiental, 2013 An example of financial analysis of the recovery of 25% of the initial investment in an operating clean-energy mini-grid in Cabo Verde At this stage of the market development there is still need of financial support to the promoters to make the investment economically and financially viable
  19. 19. To support the market development the second ECOWAS Renewable Energy Facility (EREF) focused on Clean Mini Grids • Grant co-financing (25-50%): 50.000 -200.000 euro • Total of 1 M€ available • Emphasis on sustainability of the project (establishment of a sustainable ownership, management, operation and maintenance system) • Ability of applicants to mobilize non grant co-funding is positively evaluated • Launch in May 2014, proposals had to be submitted before 10th August, selected projects were announced in December 2014 www.ecreee.org
  20. 20. THANK YOU Yuri Lima Handem yhandem@ecreee.org ECREEE Secretariat Achada Santo Antonio Electra Building, 2nd floor C.P. 288, Praia, Cape Verde Tel: +238 2604630, +238 2624608 Email: info@ecreee.org Skype: info-ecreee Website: www.ecreee.org www.ecowrex.org

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