7. Which of the following groups can either be a formal group or an informal
(i) The Gooden’s family (ii) Jamaican For Justice (iii) The Red
Cross (iv) Bethel Baptist Church
(a) iv. only (b) i. and iv only (c) ii. and iii. only (d) i. only
8. Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of a peer group?
(b) Group members may become delinquent
(c) Group size may be large or small
(d) Members may become defiant towards parents
9. Which of the following definitions best tells what involuntary groups are?
(a) A group in which membership is not by individual choice
(b) A group that is formed to provide some service to the community
Or to support a good cause.
(b) A group that serves as a point of reference for people making decisions
(c) A group that is large and impersonal and based on specific interest or
10. Which of the following are all examples of an informal group?
(a) Family, peer group, neighbours
(b) School, art group, friends
(c) Peer group, church, friends
(d) work colleagues, neighbours, parish council
11. Which of the following is NOT an important function of social group?
(a) They supply interaction between individuals.
(b) They provide survival mechanisms for group membership.
(c) They are the foundation on which society is built.
(d) They encourage members to become isolated.
12. According to experts, Keisha, aged 14, is more likely to be influenced by:
(a) her family (b) her friends (c) her neighbours (d)her church group
13. Justin and his friends pierce their bodies and use symbols to identify with
each other. They are often in trouble with the law. Justin probably belongs
(a) a clique (b) a peer group (c) a gang (d) a sub-group
14. Your answer to question 13 would best be seen as a:
(i) involuntary group
(ii) voluntary group
(iii) negative group
(iv) primary group
(a) i. and iii. only (b) ii. and iv. only (c) ii. and iii only (d) i. and iii. only
15. Which of the following characteristics are not associated with informal
(i) it is spontaneously formed;
(ii) activities in the group change suddenly;
(iii) roles and goals arise spontaneously;
(vi) there is no set rules and regulations.
(a) All of the above (b) i, iii and iv only (c) ii. And iv only
(d) None of the above
16. An example of an informal group is?
(a) Christmas shoppers in a shopping mall
(b) Rastafarians in the Caribbean
(c) The students at a secondary school
(d) A steel band practising in their pan yard
17. An example of a formal secondary group is:
(a) Family (b) Young men playing in the streets (c) Scouts
(d) A study group
18. Which of the following types of groups is a class of students in a school?
(a) Voluntary (b) Informal (c) Involuntary (d) Formal
19. Members of a touring cricket team may be classified as all of the following
(a) A peer group (b) A primary group (c) A formal group
(d) An organised group.
20. Which of the following is a voluntary organization?
(a) Rastafarianism (b) Police Service (c) Fire Service (d) Scouts
This section is made up of three (2) questions. Read each question carefully and
choose only ONE. Write your answer on ruled paper (which is to be stapled to the
back of this test). Answers MUST be written in sentences and with BLACK or
BLUE ink pen only (NO PENCIL ALLOWED).
21. (a) (i) Define the term “social group”?
(ii) Name one social group other than the family or school to
which an adolescent may belong.
(ii) State one characteristics of a formal group (3mks)
(b) State three ways in which adults may benefit from membership in a
formal social group. (3mks)
(c) Explain two ways that adolescents in the group you identified in 16
(a)ii above may become negatively affected by the group. (4mks)
22. Secondary groups are groups that are larger than primary groups because there
is less intimacy and face to face contact between members, which operates on
a professional basis.
(a) Apart from the points mentioned above, state two other characteristic
that make up a secondary group. (2mks)
(b) Name two examples of groups that fit the characteristics you
outlined in number 21(a). (2mks)
(c) Explain three ways that this group you named in number 22(a) may
positively influence its members. (3mks)
(d) List three ways that this group you mentioned in number 22(a) may
discipline its members if they violate its rules and regulations. (3mks)