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Group work
Models
YD6201 Fiona Beals & Arden Perrot
Tuckman’s Model 1965
O Forming
O Storming
O Norming
O Performing
O Adjorning (Tuckman & Jensen 1977)
Tuckman’s Model 1965
O Forming – Range of emotions experienced as
people start to get to know each other in a
group
O Stor...
Cog’s Ladder
O Polite stage
O Why are we here stage
O Bid for power
O Constructive
O Espirit
Cog’s Ladder
• Esprit – Creativity, trust, support, caring, openness,
respect, acceptance, etc.
• Constructive – Listening...
Gersick (1988)
O Punctuated equilibrium model
O Different from the stage model of group
development
O Workers do not form,...
Gersick (1988)
ABL
Firo B Model
O Fundamental
O Interpersonal
O Relations
O Orientation
O (Behavior)
What FIRO B measures is how you act
arou...
Firo B Model
What FIRO B measure Identifies three areas
of interpersonal need. What people
seek/need or act in a group set...
Firo B Model
Within those there are two dimensions
within these.
O Expressed
O Wanted
Models of Group Dynamics
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Models of Group Dynamics

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This presentation covers Tuckmans, Cogs, FIRO, Punctuated Equilibrium and ABL

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Models of Group Dynamics

  1. 1. Group work Models YD6201 Fiona Beals & Arden Perrot
  2. 2. Tuckman’s Model 1965 O Forming O Storming O Norming O Performing O Adjorning (Tuckman & Jensen 1977)
  3. 3. Tuckman’s Model 1965 O Forming – Range of emotions experienced as people start to get to know each other in a group O Storming – conflict, struggle for power push boundaries set up in forming stage O Norming – people come together – resolve differences, roles taking up, see the goal move towards it. O Performing – Achieving the goal, team working smoothly, no friction. O Adjourning – ending stage of the group, find it hard to leave strong relationships, uncertain about future O https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEJaz3sinE s
  4. 4. Cog’s Ladder O Polite stage O Why are we here stage O Bid for power O Constructive O Espirit
  5. 5. Cog’s Ladder • Esprit – Creativity, trust, support, caring, openness, respect, acceptance, etc. • Constructive – Listening Co-operation, shared leadership, group Identity, etc. • Bid for Power – Competition, win-lose arguments, withdrawing, controlling, criticism, etc. • Why are we here? Clarifying purpose, sharing values, forming cliques, some risk taking questioning • Polite – Getting acquainted, sharing info, holding back, seeking approval, hidden agendas, low conflict, etc.
  6. 6. Gersick (1988) O Punctuated equilibrium model O Different from the stage model of group development O Workers do not form, storm and norm about goal or task at hand as they share common scripts (experiences about the task at hand and their roles) therefore can immediately work as a group cohesively. O Up to a point when the group realizes the time has passed they begin to storm and question the project and the intended outcomes future direction and when groups come together with different scripts they usually have to form storm and norm before they can work together collectively and cohesively
  7. 7. Gersick (1988)
  8. 8. ABL
  9. 9. Firo B Model O Fundamental O Interpersonal O Relations O Orientation O (Behavior) What FIRO B measures is how you act around other people and how you expect them to act around you
  10. 10. Firo B Model What FIRO B measure Identifies three areas of interpersonal need. What people seek/need or act in a group setting. O Inclusion O Control O Affection
  11. 11. Firo B Model Within those there are two dimensions within these. O Expressed O Wanted

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