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Humans vs. the Internet of
Things
conciliare tecnologie ed esperienza utente
Fulvio Corno
Politecnico di Torino, Dip. Di A...
Argomenti di oggi
IoT
Applicazioni
“A cosa
serve?”
Architetture
“Com’è
fatta?”
Problemi
“Perché non
funziona?”
Opportunità...
Internet of Things… cioè?
3
Definizione di IoT
4
Definizione di IoT
5
DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT
84 pagine
Incompleto
Non aggiornato
(May 2015)
Dite la vostra…
• Quali "Things" possiamo pensare
di collegare ad Internet?
6
Dite la vostra…
• Sì, ma per fare cosa???
7
Aree di applicazione
8
Argomenti più ricercati e discussi
9
Argomenti più ricercati e discussi
10
https://iot-
analytics.com/iot-
applications-q2-2015/
Progetti realizzati (in ambito aziendale)
11
https://iot-
analytics.com/global-
overview-1600-
enterprise-iot-projects/
Dite la vostra…
• Mai sentito parlare di…
12
• Arduino
• Raspberry Pi
• Bluetooth
• ZigBee
• Konnex (KNX)
• Javascript
• P...
Come funziona….
13
Come funziona…
14
Come funziona…
15
Domotica (Smart Home)?
16
Integrazione di applicazioni
17
Technologies, we have a lot of them
18
http://mattturck.com/iot2018/
What kinds of applications?
19
Microsoft
Azure IoT
Oracle
Cloud Service
Bosch
IoT Suite
Google
Cloud IoT
Amazon
AWS IoT
20
Currently…
IoT ≈ Sensor-To-Dashboard pipeline
Sensor-to-Dashboard pipelines
21
Sensors Cloud Dashboards
Connectivity
magic
Analytics
magic
Currently…
Where are the user...
Intranets of Silos of Things
22
Intranets of Silos of Things
23
Don’t push technologies
24
http://radar.oreilly.com/2014/05/most-of-what-we-
need-for-smart-cities-already-exists.html
htt...
Be/Become Transparent
• «The most profound technologies are those that
disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of...
Conquering the user
Smart
Home
Electrical
plants and
components
Consumer
electronics
Computers
Telecommuni
cations
Industr...
why
what
AmI is
people-
oriented
Ambient Intelligence (AmI)
27
Intelligent Environments (IE)
28
why
what
IEs are
people-
oriented
AmI Features
29
AmI
Sensitive
Responsive
Adaptive
Transparent
Ubiquitous
Intelligent
Able to sense the
environments and it...
Scenarios for Ambient Intelligence in 2010
30
https://ec.europa.
eu/digital-single-
market/en/news/
scenarios-
ambient-
in...
Smart Environment
31
Smart Environment
32
What Would You Ask to Your home?
33
2 13
Bonino D., Corno F. (2011). What Would You Ask to Your Home if It Were Intelligen...
What would you ask – Comfort
34
What would you ask – Housekeeping
35
Smart Environment: User expectations
36
Smart Environment
37
Unsupervised
Sensitive
Proactive
Secure
Integrated
Intelligent
Transparent
Creepy??
Quiz
• What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a
haunted one?
38
Quiz
• What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a
haunted one?
• Both are autonomous in performin...
Quiz
• What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a
haunted one?
• Difference lies in user percepti...
Smart Environment: User expectations
41
Smart Environment
42
Sensing
Acting
ReasoningInteracting
Main Steps for an AmI System
43
The IoT we all want…
I wish IoT were…
44
The IoT we all want…
I wish IoT were…
Useful Easy Secure Durable
45
Useful?
46
Mandatory reading:
https://twitter.com/internetofshit
Useful?
47
DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT
Useful?
48
Useful?
49
Easy?
50
Easy?
51
Easy?
52
OMG… user interfaces
53
OMG… user interfaces
54
http://dilbert.com/strip/2018-05-02
Secure?
55
Secure?
56
Secure?
57
Mandatory reading:
https://attivissimo.blogspot.it/
Secure?
58
Secure?
59
Secure?
60
61
Durable?
62
Durable?
63
Showstoppers
Non mi serve
A cosa serve?
È/sembra
complicato
Ci metto meno
a farlo a mano
Mi richiede
lavoro extra
Quando t...
Conclusions
65
Nihil de nobis,
sine nobis
Nothing About Us,
Without Us
Contact information
• Fulvio Corno
Politecnico di Torino
fulvio.corno@polito.it
@fulcorno
• e-Lite Research Group
https://...
License
• This presentation is released undre the licenza Creative Commons
“Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unporte...
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Humans vs. the Internet of Things: conciliare tecnologie ed esperienza utente

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Seminario formativo nel contesto della challenge "Conservazione del cibo, comportamenti sociali e sostenibilità" promossa dal Contamination Lab di Torino nel mese di Novembre 2018.

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Humans vs. the Internet of Things: conciliare tecnologie ed esperienza utente

  1. 1. Humans vs. the Internet of Things conciliare tecnologie ed esperienza utente Fulvio Corno Politecnico di Torino, Dip. Di Automatica e Informatica fulvio.corno@polito.it
  2. 2. Argomenti di oggi IoT Applicazioni “A cosa serve?” Architetture “Com’è fatta?” Problemi “Perché non funziona?” Opportunità “Cosa ci posso fare?” Utenti “Aspettative degli utenti” 2
  3. 3. Internet of Things… cioè? 3
  4. 4. Definizione di IoT 4
  5. 5. Definizione di IoT 5 DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT 84 pagine Incompleto Non aggiornato (May 2015)
  6. 6. Dite la vostra… • Quali "Things" possiamo pensare di collegare ad Internet? 6
  7. 7. Dite la vostra… • Sì, ma per fare cosa??? 7
  8. 8. Aree di applicazione 8
  9. 9. Argomenti più ricercati e discussi 9
  10. 10. Argomenti più ricercati e discussi 10 https://iot- analytics.com/iot- applications-q2-2015/
  11. 11. Progetti realizzati (in ambito aziendale) 11 https://iot- analytics.com/global- overview-1600- enterprise-iot-projects/
  12. 12. Dite la vostra… • Mai sentito parlare di… 12 • Arduino • Raspberry Pi • Bluetooth • ZigBee • Konnex (KNX) • Javascript • Python • HTML/HTTP • REST/JSON API • SQL • OAuth • Sensori embedded • Sensori MEMS
  13. 13. Come funziona…. 13
  14. 14. Come funziona… 14
  15. 15. Come funziona… 15
  16. 16. Domotica (Smart Home)? 16
  17. 17. Integrazione di applicazioni 17
  18. 18. Technologies, we have a lot of them 18 http://mattturck.com/iot2018/
  19. 19. What kinds of applications? 19 Microsoft Azure IoT Oracle Cloud Service Bosch IoT Suite Google Cloud IoT Amazon AWS IoT
  20. 20. 20 Currently… IoT ≈ Sensor-To-Dashboard pipeline
  21. 21. Sensor-to-Dashboard pipelines 21 Sensors Cloud Dashboards Connectivity magic Analytics magic Currently… Where are the users? Where is interaction? Where is intelligence? Where are smart spaces?
  22. 22. Intranets of Silos of Things 22
  23. 23. Intranets of Silos of Things 23
  24. 24. Don’t push technologies 24 http://radar.oreilly.com/2014/05/most-of-what-we- need-for-smart-cities-already-exists.html http://radar.oreilly.com/2014/04/ioth-the-internet- of-things-and-humans.html
  25. 25. Be/Become Transparent • «The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it» (Weiser, 1991) • « Disappearing computer » 25
  26. 26. Conquering the user Smart Home Electrical plants and components Consumer electronics Computers Telecommuni cations Industrial automation plants Surveillance systems Smart appliance On-line services 26 Controlling the consumer IoT market is appealing to producers of… May we talk?
  27. 27. why what AmI is people- oriented Ambient Intelligence (AmI) 27
  28. 28. Intelligent Environments (IE) 28 why what IEs are people- oriented
  29. 29. AmI Features 29 AmI Sensitive Responsive Adaptive Transparent Ubiquitous Intelligent Able to sense the environments and its inhabitants. Able to process sensor data. Able to respond to user needs. Able to act on the environment. Present, appearing, found everywhere. Able to be distributed over the ambient and over different people. Incorporates Artificial Intelligence: Machine learning, agent-based software, robotics Hearing, vision, language, knowledge processing Semantic web, reasoning "The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it." Mark Weiser Able to infer a situational context: - from environment data - from user data (identity, presence, actions, …) - from statistics and preferences - from external information sources Able to adapt to the context, by means of the interpretation of sensing and the generated response
  30. 30. Scenarios for Ambient Intelligence in 2010 30 https://ec.europa. eu/digital-single- market/en/news/ scenarios- ambient- intelligence-2010
  31. 31. Smart Environment 31
  32. 32. Smart Environment 32
  33. 33. What Would You Ask to Your home? 33 2 13 Bonino D., Corno F. (2011). What Would You Ask to Your Home if It Were Intelligent? Exploring User Expectations about Next-Generation Homes. In: JOURNAL OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE AND SMART ENVIRONMENTS, vol. Volume 3, Number 2 / 2011 n. Number, pp. 111-126. – ISSN 1876-1364. DOI:10.3233/AIS-2011-0099
  34. 34. What would you ask – Comfort 34
  35. 35. What would you ask – Housekeeping 35
  36. 36. Smart Environment: User expectations 36
  37. 37. Smart Environment 37 Unsupervised Sensitive Proactive Secure Integrated Intelligent Transparent Creepy??
  38. 38. Quiz • What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a haunted one? 38
  39. 39. Quiz • What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a haunted one? • Both are autonomous in performing some actions (playing music, controlling doors and windows, providing food and entertainment, etc.) • Both could be powered by similar intelligent systems 39
  40. 40. Quiz • What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a haunted one? • Difference lies in user perception 40 actions of an enchanted house are expected, desired and welcomed by the user, in a proactively friendly environment the haunted space will execute actions contrary to the will of the user, who will feel trapped by an hostile entity
  41. 41. Smart Environment: User expectations 41
  42. 42. Smart Environment 42
  43. 43. Sensing Acting ReasoningInteracting Main Steps for an AmI System 43
  44. 44. The IoT we all want… I wish IoT were… 44
  45. 45. The IoT we all want… I wish IoT were… Useful Easy Secure Durable 45
  46. 46. Useful? 46 Mandatory reading: https://twitter.com/internetofshit
  47. 47. Useful? 47 DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT
  48. 48. Useful? 48
  49. 49. Useful? 49
  50. 50. Easy? 50
  51. 51. Easy? 51
  52. 52. Easy? 52
  53. 53. OMG… user interfaces 53
  54. 54. OMG… user interfaces 54 http://dilbert.com/strip/2018-05-02
  55. 55. Secure? 55
  56. 56. Secure? 56
  57. 57. Secure? 57 Mandatory reading: https://attivissimo.blogspot.it/
  58. 58. Secure? 58
  59. 59. Secure? 59
  60. 60. Secure? 60
  61. 61. 61
  62. 62. Durable? 62
  63. 63. Durable? 63
  64. 64. Showstoppers Non mi serve A cosa serve? È/sembra complicato Ci metto meno a farlo a mano Mi richiede lavoro extra Quando tutti… (tag, catalogo, fidelity, device, tecnologia, …) Purché ci sia… (corrente, rete, password, smarphone, …) 64
  65. 65. Conclusions 65 Nihil de nobis, sine nobis Nothing About Us, Without Us
  66. 66. Contact information • Fulvio Corno Politecnico di Torino fulvio.corno@polito.it @fulcorno • e-Lite Research Group https://elite.polito.it/ • Ambient Intelligence course https://bit.ly/polito.ami (course materials) https://ami-2018.github.io (student projects) 66
  67. 67. License • This presentation is released undre the licenza Creative Commons “Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported” License • You are free to copy, distribute, transmit the work. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work. • Complete lincense: • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ 67
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    Nov. 7, 2018

Seminario formativo nel contesto della challenge "Conservazione del cibo, comportamenti sociali e sostenibilità" promossa dal Contamination Lab di Torino nel mese di Novembre 2018.

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