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The name Mesopotamia means "between rivers"
because it is located between the Tigris and the
Euphrates River.
Mesopotamia is largely corresponding to the
modern day Iraq, and also some parts of Syria,
Turkey, and Iran.
WHO WAS THE FIRST KING?
King Hammurabi was the first king.
Early settlers in Mesopotamia started to gather
in small villages and towns.
As they learned how to irrigate land and grow...
• Wheels
• Chariot
• Sailboat
• Money
• Writing
• Seeder Plow
• Math
• Glass
The oldest wheel known was found in
Mesopotamia dated 3,500 BC. It was made of
planks of wood joined together.
CHARIOT
The chariots were one of the wheeled vehicles
that the Mesopotamian people invented.
It has a platform for someone...
They created the sailboat for getting water from
the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. They also used the
sailboat to go and fi...
MONEY
They invented a kind of money system by
using clay tokens for trades. Tokens were of
different sizes and shapes. The...
The Mesopotamian invented a type of writing
named "Cuneiform" which translates "wedge
shaped". Writing was originally made...
SEEDER PLOW
The Mesopotamians also invented the seeder
plow, which was a revolutionary innovation. It
allowed the farmer t...
The Mesopotamians Invented the first calendar.
They used the calendar to see when they should
plant their crops and when t...
The Mesopotamians were experimenting with
ways to count, measure and solve mathematical
problems. They were the first peop...
The shaduf is a structure that helps transport
water from a river or lake into a ditch or canal.
One day some sailors were going to go ashore
to rest and cook something to eat. They
gathered some wood and started a fire...
After it cooled, it hardened and turned into a
clear hard object. The Mesopotamians used the
glass for art and initially t...
GODS OF MESOPOTAMIANS
Sumerian Gods
Babylonian Gods
Assyrian Gods
SUMERIAN GODS
ANU - the god of the heavens and king of the
gods. The city associated with Anu was Uruk.
ENLIL - the god of...
SUMERIAN GODS
UTU - the god of the sun as well as justice and
the law, Utu is drawn holding a saw like
instrument. Mytholo...
MARDUK - was the primary god of the Babylonians
and had Babylon as his main city. He was
considered the supreme god over a...
ASHUR - the primary god of the Assyrians. He
was also the god of war and married to the
goddess Ishtar. His symbols are a ...
THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRE
THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRE
THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRE
THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRE
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THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRE

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Facts about the Mesopotamian Empire. Suitable for Year 9 History in Cambridge schools.

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THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRE

  1. 1. The name Mesopotamia means "between rivers" because it is located between the Tigris and the Euphrates River.
  2. 2. Mesopotamia is largely corresponding to the modern day Iraq, and also some parts of Syria, Turkey, and Iran.
  3. 3. WHO WAS THE FIRST KING? King Hammurabi was the first king.
  4. 4. Early settlers in Mesopotamia started to gather in small villages and towns. As they learned how to irrigate land and grow crops on large farms, the towns grew bigger. Eventually these towns became large cities. New inventions such as government and writing were formed to help keep order in the cities. The first human civilization was formed.
  5. 5. • Wheels • Chariot • Sailboat • Money • Writing • Seeder Plow • Math • Glass
  6. 6. The oldest wheel known was found in Mesopotamia dated 3,500 BC. It was made of planks of wood joined together.
  7. 7. CHARIOT The chariots were one of the wheeled vehicles that the Mesopotamian people invented. It has a platform for someone to stand on and wheels. They also would use the chariot to take very important people around the city.
  8. 8. They created the sailboat for getting water from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. They also used the sailboat to go and fish in the rivers.
  9. 9. MONEY They invented a kind of money system by using clay tokens for trades. Tokens were of different sizes and shapes. The tokens were put into a clay ball with the number of tokens pressed on the outside.
  10. 10. The Mesopotamian invented a type of writing named "Cuneiform" which translates "wedge shaped". Writing was originally made for keeping track of what they bought or sold. Cuneiform was writing on a clay tablets with a pointed reed called a stylus.
  11. 11. SEEDER PLOW The Mesopotamians also invented the seeder plow, which was a revolutionary innovation. It allowed the farmer to simultaneously plow a field and seed it, reducing the time to plant and increasing crop production.
  12. 12. The Mesopotamians Invented the first calendar. They used the calendar to see when they should plant their crops and when they should harvest their crops. The solar year was divided into two seasons. The summer included the barley harvest in the second half of May.
  13. 13. The Mesopotamians were experimenting with ways to count, measure and solve mathematical problems. They were the first people to give place values to numbers. They were first to recognize the concept of zero.
  14. 14. The shaduf is a structure that helps transport water from a river or lake into a ditch or canal.
  15. 15. One day some sailors were going to go ashore to rest and cook something to eat. They gathered some wood and started a fire. They were on a beach so the wood and the fire were on top of sand. Surprisingly, the sand under the fire started to melt and this liquid started to run down.
  16. 16. After it cooled, it hardened and turned into a clear hard object. The Mesopotamians used the glass for art and initially they didn't use the glass for drinking out of.
  17. 17. GODS OF MESOPOTAMIANS Sumerian Gods Babylonian Gods Assyrian Gods
  18. 18. SUMERIAN GODS ANU - the god of the heavens and king of the gods. The city associated with Anu was Uruk. ENLIL - the god of air, wind, and storms, Enlil held the Tablets of Destiny. These tablets gave him control over the fate of man and made him very powerful. He wore a crown with horns.
  19. 19. SUMERIAN GODS UTU - the god of the sun as well as justice and the law, Utu is drawn holding a saw like instrument. Mythology says that Utu travels across the world each day in a chariot. INANNA - was the goddess of love and war. Her symbol is a star with eight points. NANNA - was also called Sin. He was the god of the moon.
  20. 20. MARDUK - was the primary god of the Babylonians and had Babylon as his main city. He was considered the supreme god over all the other gods. He had as many as 50 different titles. He was sometimes pictured with his pet dragon. NERGAL - god of the underworld, Nergal was an evil god who brought war and famine on the people. TIAMAT - goddess of the sea, Tiamat is drawn as a huge dragon. Marduk defeated her in battle.
  21. 21. ASHUR - the primary god of the Assyrians. He was also the god of war and married to the goddess Ishtar. His symbols are a winged disc and the bow and arrow. ISHTAR - similar to Inanna, she was goddess of love and war.

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