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الاخلاق الفاضلة قواعد ومنطلقات لاكتسابها

الأخلاق الفاضلة: قواعد ومنطلقات لاكتسابها. أ.د. عبد الله بن ضيف الله الرحيلي، وكالة المطبوعات والبحث العلمي بوزارة الشؤون الإسلامية والاوقاف والدعوة والإرشاد، طبعة 1434هـ

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الاخلاق الفاضلة قواعد ومنطلقات لاكتسابها

  1. 1. ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬)٦( òÜšbÐÛa@Öý‚þa@ @ bèibn×ü@pbÔÜĐäßë@‡ÇaìÓ@ @ )‫ﻋ‬ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻭﲡ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‬ ِ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺿﻮﺀ‬ ‫ﰲ‬( ‫ﺗـﺄﻟﻴـﻒ‬ KKKK‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬KKKK‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﲜﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ‬‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺿﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ‬١٤٢٩‫ﻫ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺿﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬WWWWª ‫و‬ ‫א‬ª ‫و‬ ‫א‬ª ‫و‬ ‫א‬ª ‫و‬ ‫א‬–‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬KKKK ٢٥٥، ‫ﺹ‬١٧×٢٤‫ﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻣﻚ‬:×-٥٣٨-٣١-٩٩٦٠ ١-‫ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬٢-‫ﺍﻷﺧـﻼﻕ‬ ٣-‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬‫ﻴـﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨــﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳـﻮﻱ‬١٧٠٠٩٦٦/١٧ ‫ﺍﻹﻳـﺪﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﻗـﻢ‬:٠٩٦٦/١٧ ‫ﺭﺩﻣﻚ‬:×-٥٣٨-٣١-٩٩٦٠ ‫ﳏﻔﻮﻇﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ١٤٢٩‫ﻫ‬-٢٠٠٨‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﱪﻳـﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﳌـﺆﻟـﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ Email:ruhaili65@hotmail.com
  3. 3. ‫ﻤﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺩﻤـ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺔ‬ ٣ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻢ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª ğ‫א‬‫א‬ Ë ‫م‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ Ħ Ħ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ Ħ ‫وא‬K W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ª?‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬Wª ‫و‬ ‫א‬?‫و‬ ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ -‫م‬‫אن‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫وא‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ ª Ğ‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ħ ‫א‬ ‫ل‬ Ø ‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬K ‫و‬‫א‬Wª ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ª‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وذ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫دود‬ ‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫×ود‬ ً ‫א‬K‫א‬ ª‫د‬‫م‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ú ‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ħ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬-‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ -‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬ Ę ª ‫א‬ ħ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ ً‫א‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫د‬ Ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ز‬ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬ ħ ‫א‬ ً
  4. 4. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫אن‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ْ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬ ً ‫د‬ ğ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ً ‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬ ‫אج‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬K ‫و‬ًWÙħªØ ‫و‬ Ĩ ħ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ً‫א‬Ù Ğ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ħ ‫א‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬K Ħ ‫א‬ ª ْ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬K ‫ﻜﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻀﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﻭﺭﺓ‬ ١٧/٦/١٤٢٩‫ﻫ‬
  5. 5. ‫ﻤﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺩﻤـ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺔ‬ ٥ ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ª ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ğ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ª ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ً‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬K W‫دس‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬? W ª ‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫א‬?‫אن‬ ‫و‬?ª ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ?ħ ‫א‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אل‬ ‫وא‬ ً ‫א‬ Ø ‫א‬ Ø ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫و‬ً ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬Ù‫ن‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬ًًْ ‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫ع‬ٍ‫ق‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ذ‬‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫و‬K ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺃﻫﻤ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬: ‫ن‬‫ق‬‫א‬ً‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ً‫ق‬ğ‫א‬ħ
  6. 6. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫ذ‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫و‬ħ‫א‬K‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ون‬‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫وא‬Ù‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫و‬ħK Ò‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬Í‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫د‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫ل‬‫א‬F W‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬WWWWًًًًEFE ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ًW F‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ًًًًEFE ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ًF W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬EFE K ً‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫د‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ع‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ğ‫א‬‫د‬‫د‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ً‫د‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K FE‫א‬Wª‫א‬ª ‫א‬K‫و‬ ‫א‬ªFE‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ K FE‫א‬‫א‬ª‫א‬‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬K FE‫א‬Wª‫א‬ª‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ª ‫و‬W‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ĩKKK‫א‬ ‫و‬K‫و‬ª‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ª ‫و‬ ĩ ‫و‬ ‫א‬-FEËK
  7. 7. ‫ﻤﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺩﻤـ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺔ‬ ٧ ‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬‫ﺸﺎﺌﻊ‬: ‫ود‬‫ن‬Ù‫א‬ħ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ز‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ī‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫אد‬‫د‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬ْÙ ‫א‬Í‫א‬‫وא‬Í‫و‬ Ø‫وא‬‫وא‬Í‫و‬‫ود‬‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫ذن‬K‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫و‬‫אن‬ ğ‫א‬ً‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ª‫دא‬ª ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫د‬ ‫א‬Ø‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬Ù‫و‬ ً‫א‬‫אد‬ً‫وج‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫وא‬K ‫אد‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫دא‬‫א‬‫א‬ ú ‫א‬‫د‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫אل‬ ‫א‬-‫دون‬‫אط‬‫و‬ -FE K ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫אد‬ ‫א‬Ùª‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫زم‬-ً-‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫وذ‬W Ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬F W FEWġ‫א‬W‫ج‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ص‬-K
  8. 8. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٨ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ ْ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ْ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ْ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ْ ‫و‬ ‫م‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وج‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وج‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وج‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وج‬ ‫و‬ EFE K ‫א‬ ‫و‬¯‫ط‬ Ī¯ ‫א‬‫وא‬Ø ‫א‬ Ħ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ģ‫א‬‫ج‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ Ø ‫א‬ْ‫ن‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫و‬‫ن‬ħْĠ‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫ل‬Ğ‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬WĞ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬K ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬: ‫ن‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫אق‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W -‫ن‬‫ن‬ً ‫و‬ ْ‫א‬‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K -‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ً‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬FE -ً‫ن‬-Ù ‫وא‬Ù ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬ª ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫ن‬ً ‫ن‬ ħ‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ً‫א‬ħ‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬ħ‫א‬‫وא‬‫ذא‬ ‫א‬ FE‫א‬Wª ‫א‬ Ø ‫א‬ ª ª ‫א‬ ª‫و‬ ª ‫א‬‫א‬ ª ‫א‬ ª ªKKKFEK FE‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬F Wٍ‫ع‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ول‬E‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫و‬FE‫א‬ ‫א‬K
  9. 9. ‫ﻤﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺩﻤـ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺔ‬ ٩ ‫א‬ ‫دא‬ً‫א‬KÙ‫א‬Ħ ‫ذא‬ٍÙٍ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫وא‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬ğ ‫א‬ ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ª‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ً‫دو‬‫א‬ ً‫א‬Ø ‫و‬ ‫وא‬Ħ‫ن‬Ğ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ Ħ ‫و‬ً‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ Ģ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ Í‫و‬ً‫א‬Ù‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬K ‫ودو‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬FE ‫א‬-ً ً‫א‬Ù ‫و‬-‫و‬‫ذ‬ً ‫א‬ ً ‫و‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬K ‫ل‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬ª ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫وز‬Ù ‫و‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ħğ‫א‬‫وא‬ FE‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫אق‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ع‬F‫ع‬ ‫א‬KE
  10. 10. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ١٠ ħ‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫د‬‫و‬Ù ‫و‬Í‫و‬‫ون‬Ù‫و‬ÍĜ‫ذא‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ú‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ú ‫و‬W {a`_ ^][ZzFE K‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ù‫و‬{{zyxw |zFE K ‫وא‬‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬K ğ‫وא‬ªĦ ‫א‬ً ‫و‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ً ‫و‬ً‫א‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬Ħ K ‫ﻜﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬‫ﻀﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻴ‬‫ﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻨﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤ‬١٤١٦‫ﻫ‬ FEW‫ق‬WK FEW‫א‬WK
  11. 11. ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ١١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫د‬‫א‬ ًW -ª ‫א‬‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬Ġ‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬ْ ª‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ ¯ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ذ‬Ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ú ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬‫و‬K -ª ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ª‫ص‬ª ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ًĦğ‫א‬‫وא‬¯ ‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ª ‫ذ‬‫א‬‫م‬Í‫ذ‬K - ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬Ħ‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ‫دود‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ع‬Ġ‫א‬‫و‬‫وذ‬ً ‫א‬‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ً ‫و‬‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K -‫א‬ Ġ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫وא‬ě ¯ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ً Ø ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫א‬Ù‫א‬‫א‬ ً ‫אد‬Ù‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬ Ù ‫و‬ ً ْ‫א‬‫و‬ً ‫دم‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ً ‫زود‬Ġ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫وא‬‫ذא‬Ī ‫و‬ú ‫א‬
  12. 12. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ١٢ ú ‫א‬‫א‬ğ‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫א‬ ħ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬Ħī ‫א‬‫ض‬¯Ò‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ī‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬Ùğ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫دא‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫א‬ ‫א‬Ë Ġ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬FF‫و‬ ‫א‬EEK ‫و‬‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ħ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ħ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬ħª ‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ħْ‫א‬ Ħ ‫و‬K -ͪ ‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ª‫وذ‬ ‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬Ī ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫אد‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ī‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K -Ø ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K -ª‫و‬ª ‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫ذ‬ ‫אد‬‫א‬‫א‬ْ‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬
  13. 13. ‫ﺍﻝﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ١٣ ً ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬FE K -‫د‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ً ĝً‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ħٍ‫و‬ħٍÍ‫ط‬Ø‫א‬ ‫א‬ً‫و‬Í‫د‬ ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ًK -‫ذא‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ħ ‫و‬ª‫و‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ħ‫د‬ ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫ذא‬‫ن‬Ħ ‫א‬K ª ‫وא‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ªW ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אد‬ ?‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ğ‫א‬?Kħ‫א‬?‫א‬ ª‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫ط‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬Ø‫אد‬‫א‬K‫ذא‬ ª ‫ذ‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬ ْ‫ط‬K ‫אد‬ ‫א‬K ª ‫وא‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ħ‫אد‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬‫ص‬ Ġ‫א‬ْ ‫ذ‬‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬Ħ ĦK -‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬ً‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ون‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ͪ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ًĪ ‫و‬‫א‬ً ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ً ě‫و‬Ħ‫ل‬‫א‬W FE‫و‬?‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K?
  14. 14. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ١٤ ‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬WWWWªª ‫א‬ٍ ‫د‬‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ F W‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬KE ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWWª‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬Ù ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫م‬ F‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬‫אوא‬‫س‬ ‫א‬E ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ĩ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬K ‫و‬‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫ن‬ª ‫ذ‬FE K FE‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ª‫وא‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬K
  15. 15. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺘﻲ‬ ١٥ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬W ‫ـ‬‫ﺭﺤﻠﺘﻲ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬. ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬. ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬. ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬. ‫ـ‬‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺘﻭﺼﻠ‬‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬. ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬:‫ﺭﺤﻠﺘﻲ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬: ‫ع‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ً ‫ز‬Ù ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ذ‬‫א‬‫א‬ ĦĠ‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫ق‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ز‬‫ذ‬‫م‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬-‫ن‬-‫و‬‫א‬ ú‫ذא‬ú‫ن‬ ‫د‬‫ن‬‫و‬ħ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬WW‫و‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬
  16. 16. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ١٦ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ª‫א‬ Ğ‫א‬‫ذ‬‫و‬ ªÙ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫و‬W‫ن‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ ğ‫א‬Í Ĩª ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ل‬Íħ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬K Ó‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ FF‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬EE‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ Ó‫א‬ً‫ل‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ Ó‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħ‫و‬‫ل‬ W{zFE K ‫م‬ ‫א‬-‫א‬-‫ن‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬Ī‫ز‬‫ق‬‫א‬Ħ‫و‬Ù ‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ذ‬ĢĢ‫א‬ª ‫ز‬ ‫د‬‫و‬ªْĠ‫وא‬‫ن‬ ‫وא‬ª‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬K ‫ق‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ود‬‫و‬Ì ª‫א‬ Ì‫א‬‫وא‬K K FEWª ‫א‬WK
  17. 17. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺘﻲ‬ ١٧ ‫و‬Ø ‫وא‬Ó‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫وא‬ğ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫وא‬K ‫و‬ğ‫א‬K ًØ‫و‬Ù ‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ġ‫وא‬ª‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫ذ‬ً ً ‫و‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ً ‫و‬ًً‫א‬ ‫وא‬K ª ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬ª ě‫و‬ً‫א‬Ù Ĩğ‫א‬‫א‬‫م‬ªĦ ‫א‬ ‫و‬Ħ ‫א‬ª‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫ع‬ ‫وא‬K ‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫وא‬ً‫א‬Ù‫س‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫س‬ ‫א‬ª K ‫א‬Í ‫وא‬‫م‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K Ġ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫و‬ğK ªª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫وא‬ª ‫و‬ً ğ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ود‬Ĩ‫ذ‬Ġ‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫وא‬K ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ‬:‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎ‬‫ل‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬: ‫و‬ª ‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬ً‫א‬‫د‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫א‬ħ‫د‬ª ‫א‬ě‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬Ò‫א‬‫و‬
  18. 18. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ١٨ Ùħª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫وز‬ ě ‫א‬ªK ‫و‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫د‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ª ‫د‬ًğ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫אق‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫אق‬ ‫و‬ ú ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫و‬‫وא‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬‫ذא‬ًK ‫و‬ٍ‫ن‬ħ‫ن‬ ‫ق‬ğ‫א‬ħ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫ن‬ª ‫א‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬ªً Ì ª ğ‫د‬‫ول‬‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬ ً‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ًK ‫و‬‫א‬ª‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬Í‫و‬-‫ذ‬- ‫ن‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ª ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬ī W‫و‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬KKKK ‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ª‫د‬‫ذ‬KKK‫و‬ ‫אق‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬ª ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬KKK ‫و‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬ً ‫ل‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ل‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ě‫ن‬
  19. 19. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺘﻲ‬ ١٩ ً ‫א‬-ę‫ن‬ ‫א‬-‫אل‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬ª ‫و‬‫א‬ W‫א‬Ğ‫وא‬‫وא‬Ù ‫وא‬‫وא‬K ‫و‬ªª‫א‬ Ìٍ‫ل‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬Ú‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ ً‫ذ‬Kě‫אق‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫אل‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬ªħ‫وא‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫אل‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬ğ‫א‬K‫ق‬ ‫وא‬ ú‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ٍ‫ل‬ī‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫و‬‫د‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫م‬ ْú‫وو‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻝﺜ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬: ‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬W -‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K -‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ً‫س‬ ‫א‬ًK -‫א‬‫ن‬‫س‬ĨK -‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ً‫א‬K
  20. 20. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٢٠ ‫ن‬‫دوא‬ª ‫א‬‫ن‬- ‫א‬‫د‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬-K ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ً ‫و‬‫د‬‫ل‬ ħª ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħ ‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬-‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬-‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ħ ‫א‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫ن‬ً‫א‬‫د‬ً‫א‬Ù‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ون‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫א‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ً‫א‬Ù‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ī‫ن‬ Ģ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬-‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ Ħ‫א‬-‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬K ‫و‬¯‫ذ‬Ğ‫وא‬ ‫و‬Ĩğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ً‫و‬ً‫א‬ً ‫و‬Ģ‫ذ‬‫א‬‫ل‬ Ę‫و‬ ‫و‬ KKħª‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻝﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬: ª‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ª ‫ل‬ ‫א‬ħ‫و‬ħ
  21. 21. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺘﻲ‬ ٢١ ú‫אد‬‫א‬‫وذ‬ú ‫א‬‫ذن‬‫ذא‬ ‫د‬ĦW -‫א‬‫א‬K -‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬K -‫ل‬Ğ‫א‬‫وא‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ħ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ً ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ً‫א‬K ‫ق‬ ‫א‬J‫א‬ًJ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬‫غ‬ú ‫א‬‫ن‬K ‫ذن‬‫א‬K ‫وא‬WĠ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬ ‫و‬KW‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬{y ÇÆÅÄ~}|{zzFE K {¸º¹zFE K {zyxwvutsrqpzFE K {zFE K FEW‫א‬WK FEW‫א‬WK FEW‫א‬ ‫א‬WK FEWğ‫א‬WK
  22. 22. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٢٢ ‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫א‬‫ص‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ÙĠ‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ل‬ÙĠ‫א‬ ‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ġ‫و‬K ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ÙħĞ‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬Ùħ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫و‬ًK ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴ‬:‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺘﻭﺼﻠ‬‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬‫ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬: ‫ل‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬ħ‫د‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬W -‫ن‬ġ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬Ó‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬FF ‫א‬‫د‬‫س‬ ‫א‬EEK -‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫دא‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ًª‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬¯‫א‬ ً‫א‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħ ‫ذא‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K -Ħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ĢúØ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ً‫ق‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ħK
  23. 23. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺘﻲ‬ ٢٣ -Ħ‫ن‬ª‫ع‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W -‫אغ‬ ‫א‬K-ْĠ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬KJ‫א‬Ó‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K-‫ﺍﳉﻬﻞ‬. ‫ض‬‫א‬ª ‫א‬K -Ħ‫א‬‫אع‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وذ‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ª‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬W -‫א‬K-‫ق‬ ‫א‬-‫א‬K-‫و‬ ‫א‬K-Ğ‫א‬K -‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬‫ود‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬K -ğ‫א‬K-× ‫א‬K-ú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬ĞK -‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬×Ġ‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬W‫ن‬ª ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫אد‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫ق‬ğ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ª‫א‬ª‫و‬‫و‬K JĦĦĦĦ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬Ò‫א‬Ò‫א‬Ò‫א‬Ò‫א‬‫אم‬Ø ‫وא‬‫אم‬Ø ‫وא‬‫אم‬Ø ‫وא‬‫אم‬Ø ‫وא‬Ħ ‫د‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫د‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫د‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫د‬ ‫א‬‫ط‬‫ط‬‫ط‬‫ط‬‫وط‬‫وط‬‫وط‬‫وط‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ط‬ ‫א‬‫ط‬ ‫א‬‫ط‬ ‫א‬‫ط‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬KKKK -ĦĦĦĦ‫د‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫و‬ªªªªġġġġ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬ ‫ون‬‫ون‬‫ون‬‫ون‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ون‬‫ون‬‫ون‬‫ون‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ÍÍÍÍ ‫ش‬‫ش‬‫ش‬‫ش‬ĦĦĦĦ‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬ÍÍÍÍ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ÍÍÍÍ‫ش‬‫ش‬‫ش‬‫ش‬ĦĦĦĦ‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬‫א‬ ĝ‫א‬ ĝ‫א‬ ĝ‫א‬ ĝª ‫א‬ ‫ز‬ª ‫א‬ ‫ز‬ª ‫א‬ ‫ز‬ª ‫א‬ ‫ز‬ ً ‫א‬ ‫وو‬ً ‫א‬ ‫وو‬ً ‫א‬ ‫وو‬ً ‫א‬ ‫وو‬ĦĦĦĦ‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬‫س‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħħħħ
  24. 24. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٢٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫دوא‬‫دوא‬‫دوא‬‫دوא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫م‬‫م‬‫م‬‫م‬ĦĦĦĦ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKKK -ً ً ‫و‬Ħ‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫ود‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ª‫א‬ħ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ú‫ن‬‫א‬ª ‫א‬ªĠ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫א‬ú‫ن‬‫אد‬Ġ‫א‬ Ğ‫א‬‫وא‬ī ‫א‬‫ن‬ħ‫א‬ ‫د‬Ù ‫و‬ K ħªě‫و‬ú ‫א‬‫و‬ª‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ص‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬Ùª ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ħK ‫وא‬K
  25. 25. ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬: ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬. ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ‬:‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬‫ﺍﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻝﺜ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎ‬‫ﻝﺘﻘﻭﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺃﻗﻭﺍل‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﻗﻔﻬﻡ‬.
  26. 26. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٢٦
  27. 27. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﻤﺩﺨ‬ ٢٧ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬‫ﹸﻕ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺍﻝ‬: ‫ع‬Ħ‫س‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬ª ‫و‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ص‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫ل‬W FFĠ‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ٍ ‫و‬Ùħ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ę ‫ل‬ ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ًً ‫و‬Ú‫א‬ً ً‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ú‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ًًKĪ ‫و‬W‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ę‫ل‬W‫א‬Í ‫ذ‬K ‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫א‬Ę‫و‬‫و‬‫ل‬W ğ‫א‬K ‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬ª‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬Wْ‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬KĨ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫و‬EE FE K ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬F WĪĪĪĪ‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ªªªªEKKKFE ‫و‬ FEª ‫א‬WK FE‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬K‫و‬‫א‬ FEª Ġ‫א‬K
  28. 28. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٢٨ ًْ‫ل‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وذ‬‫م‬‫אد‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ذ‬‫ص‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫م‬‫ل‬‫ل‬Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫א‬ú ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ī‫ق‬ª ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬K ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ‬:‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬‫ﺍﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬: ‫א‬‫ق‬ª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ī‫ن‬‫א‬‫ذ‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ħª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫ق‬ª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬W -‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬ ª ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫אم‬ ğ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬K -‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬FE K -ğ‫א‬ğK -‫و‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬K -‫א‬‫א‬Ó‫א‬‫א‬K -‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K -ú ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬Ĝ‫وو‬‫وא‬K FE‫ذ‬‫א‬-‫دس‬ ‫א‬ ħ ‫א‬- ‫א‬?‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬W?L-‫אن‬W?‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬?‫و‬ًًK
  29. 29. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﻤﺩﺨ‬ ٢٩ -‫ض‬ ‫א‬ØĦ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫و‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K -‫ذ‬ ‫א‬ٍÕٍ‫ق‬ğ‫א‬ ¯ ‫א‬Ġ‫وא‬‫و‬ªK ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻝﺜ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬‫ﻝﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬: ‫א‬Ø ‫א‬‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬FE W -‫ج‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ø ‫א‬‫ن‬Ø ‫א‬Ĝ‫د‬ ‫وא‬K -‫ذج‬ ĪĨ‫و‬‫و‬Ø ‫א‬ ‫و‬Ĩ‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ذ‬Ø ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ً¯ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K -ª ‫א‬‫א‬Ø ‫א‬K -‫א‬‫א‬‫ذא‬‫و‬Īً‫א‬ Ī ً ‫א‬ú Ě‫ذא‬ª ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬ً‫א‬ ĪK‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ج‬ Ĝ ħ‫א‬‫א‬K -‫א‬‫وא‬K‫د‬ ‫وא‬W‫א‬‫א‬Ĝ‫و‬ ÙĠ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K -‫א‬‫و‬‫ع‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬WĜ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬ FEW ‫א‬WL-K
  30. 30. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٣٠ ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K -‫א‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬Ù‫وذ‬‫س‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ÙĦ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬K -‫د‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫م‬ Ĩ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬K ‫د‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬W -‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬K -‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫م‬‫א‬ħ ‫و‬‫ول‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ٍK -‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K -Ø ‫א‬Ø ‫وא‬K -‫אن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ī ‫و‬‫א‬K ‫و‬ªً ‫אل‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬K ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺃﻗﻭﺍل‬‫ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ‬‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﻗﻔﻬﻡ‬: ‫ل‬ Ó‫א‬ً‫א‬Ù‫א‬ ‫א‬Õ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ً ‫و‬ ً ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ً ‫وذ‬ً‫א‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬K‫و‬ī‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ذ‬‫و‬ª‫א‬ª ‫ن‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬K‫و‬‫ذ‬W ‫ﺃ‬-‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺃﻗﻮﺍﳍﻢ‬‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬: -‫م‬‫دא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬WFF‫ن‬FEĨ
  31. 31. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﻤﺩﺨ‬ ٣١ ‫ز‬ĨEE FE KW‫ن‬ ً‫ل‬‫א‬‫وאن‬K -‫ل‬ ‫و‬ĢÙWFF‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬EE FE K -FF‫ل‬ ‫و‬Ù ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬WÚً‫ل‬Wğ‫א‬ ‫وא‬EE FE K -‫و‬‫ل‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬WFFKKK‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫م‬ Ĩ ‫و‬‫ن‬ª ‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬Ĩ ‫و‬‫ن‬¯ ‫א‬‫م‬ ª ‫و‬ħ‫م‬EE FE K -‫ل‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħً ‫א‬W FF‫و‬ª‫א‬Ùħ‫א‬ħ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫د‬Í‫و‬‫و‬‫د‬ ę‫دع‬Ħ ‫א‬K ͪ‫א‬ ‫א‬ħͪ ‫א‬‫و‬ ª Ò‫א‬ħ‫א‬ª‫وא‬‫אد‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ً‫א‬ħ‫א‬ FE‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬WK FE‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬WK FEÙ‫م‬‫א‬FW‫ص‬KE FE‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬WK
  32. 32. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٣٢ ‫و‬‫א‬Ģ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬KKKEE FE K -‫ل‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ًW FFW‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ù‫وא‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ ú ‫א‬‫و‬Ù‫زل‬ ‫و‬ Ĩ‫و‬‫ل‬‫و‬‫אد‬‫ج‬‫و‬‫אد‬KKK ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ª‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫وא‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫א‬Ě ĦEE FE K ‫م‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫م‬‫אل‬ª‫ق‬ ‫א‬ W -FF‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬KKKK‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬ª‫ذא‬ª‫ذא‬ª‫ذא‬ª‫ذא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬-‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬-WWWW -‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬ħħħħKKKK -‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬KKKK -‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ْ ‫د‬ْ ‫د‬ْ ‫د‬ْ ‫د‬ٍ‫ن‬‫א‬ٍ‫ن‬‫א‬ٍ‫ن‬‫א‬ٍ‫ن‬‫א‬ÍÍÍÍħħħħKKKK -‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ٍ‫م‬ٍ‫م‬ٍ‫م‬ٍ‫م‬KKKK ‫ذل‬ ‫و‬‫ذل‬ ‫و‬‫ذل‬ ‫و‬‫ذل‬ ‫و‬‫ض‬‫ض‬‫ض‬‫ض‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ğğğğ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬KKKK FE‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WJK FE‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W-Kğ‫א‬ً‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬K
  33. 33. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﻤﺩﺨ‬ ٣٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ً Ìً Ìً Ìً ÌĞ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬KKKKEE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FFĦĦĦĦ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ذא‬ ‫وא‬‫ذא‬ ‫وא‬‫ذא‬ ‫وא‬‫ذא‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ĦĦĦĦª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬KKKKKKKKKKKKEE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FF‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ÍÍÍÍFFFF‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬EEEE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬KKKK‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ÍÍÍͪªªª‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ÍÍÍÍ KKKK ًًًًً‫א‬ً‫א‬ً‫א‬ً‫א‬ĨĨĨĨ ú ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ú ‫א‬EE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FFÍÍÍÍ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ْْْْ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ĦĦĦĦ ْْْْ‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬‫د‬WWWW ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ًK ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬WWWW‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫و‬ÙK ª‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ً‫א‬ĦĦ ‫و‬ ú‫و‬FE ‫و‬EE FE K -FF‫ل‬ْEE FE K -FF¯ ‫א‬‫وز‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K FE‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬KKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK FE‫ع‬ ‫א‬WĢ‫و‬K‫و‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬K F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK
  34. 34. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٣٤ ª ‫א‬‫و‬ÙEE FE K -FFħ‫و‬Ĩ‫א‬ ‫ذאل‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ْĘ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬¯¯¯¯‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ªªªªĨĨĨĨ ْْْْ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FFª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ْ ‫א‬ْ ‫א‬ْ ‫א‬ْ ‫א‬ًًًً ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ٍ ٍْ ٍْ ٍْ ْªªªªªªªª‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫ع‬‫ع‬‫ع‬‫ع‬ĜĜĜĜEE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FF‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬JJJJ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ħ ‫و‬Ħ ‫و‬Ħ ‫و‬Ħ ‫و‬Ù ğ‫א‬Ù ğ‫א‬Ù ğ‫א‬Ù ğ‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ªªªªª‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬ª‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬ª‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬ª‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬JJJJ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ًًًًWWWW WWWWħ Ùٍ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬WWWW‫ن‬ً‫א‬‫و‬ً ‫ودא‬ Ùٍğ‫א‬ً‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬Ù‫و‬‫دون‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫وא‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬× ‫א‬ ‫א‬EE FE K F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬W?KKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬?KKKK
  35. 35. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﻤﺩﺨ‬ ٣٥ -FF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ْْْْKKKK ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ْْْْ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKKK ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ًًًًْْْْ ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ħħħħ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ًًًً‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ًًًً ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ً‫א‬ ĩً‫א‬ ĩً‫א‬ ĩً‫א‬ ĩKKKK ‫ول‬ ‫و‬‫ول‬ ‫و‬‫ول‬ ‫و‬‫ول‬ ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKKK‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ªªªª‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬KKKK ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ªªªªWWWWĩ‫و‬ĩ‫و‬ĩ‫و‬ĩ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ْْْْKKKK‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬FFFFEEEE ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ÙÙÙÙ‫ون‬ ْ‫ون‬ ْ‫ون‬ ْ‫ون‬ ْ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬EE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FFKKKĞ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ًKKKEE FE K -FF‫אد‬‫אد‬‫אد‬‫אد‬ú ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ْْْْ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ªªªª ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬EE FFFFEEEE KKKK -FF‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K‫و‬‫א‬‫ز‬FE - ‫ذ‬-EE FE K -FF‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫و‬ħ FE‫ل‬‫א‬ْK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬?KKKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬?KKKK F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬?KKKK FE‫وج‬K F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬?KKKK
  36. 36. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٣٦ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ªFE ‫و‬EE FE K ‫ﺏ‬-‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻔﻬﻢ‬‫ﲡﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬: ‫د‬‫א‬ú ‫א‬ě‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫وس‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬W -‫ل‬FF ‫א‬WÚ‫ن‬‫ل‬W‫ن‬‫א‬‫ش‬ ú ‫א‬‫ذ‬‫و‬‫ل‬W‫א‬ ‫ط‬ ْ‫و‬ً‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬EE FE K -‫و‬‫ل‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ W ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Ù ‫א‬Ù ‫א‬Ù ‫א‬Ù ‫א‬FFFFEEEE WWWW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫م‬‫م‬‫م‬‫אم‬‫אم‬‫אم‬‫אم‬KKKK -‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ً‫ل‬W‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ز‬‫ز‬‫ز‬‫ز‬ ‫ز‬‫ز‬‫ز‬‫ز‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫م‬ ‫و‬FFFFEEEE KKKK -FF‫و‬‫م‬‫א‬‫ذ‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ªªªª‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬EE FFFFEEEE KKKK -‫و‬FFĞ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ل‬W‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ġª‫ل‬W FE‫د‬K F? E‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬?KKKK FEÙ‫م‬‫א‬FWE‫ص‬K FE ‫א‬?‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬L‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬L ‫و‬ْ‫א‬‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬K FEWْ?ª Ğ‫א‬‫وא‬?Ë-‫و‬K FEÙ‫م‬‫א‬FWE‫ص‬K
  37. 37. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﻤﺩﺨ‬ ٣٧ ‫ن‬‫א‬ً‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬K‫ل‬ ħW {¦¥¤£¢¡zFFFFEEEE KKKK K‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ħEE FE K -FF‫ن‬ĦĦ ‫و‬‫א‬Ħ ğ‫א‬ ¯ً‫و‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬‫ج‬‫ل‬W‫א‬‫ن‬ ً ‫د‬‫א‬K‫ن‬ ‫و‬ً ‫ذ‬‫א‬K‫م‬ ‫א‬K ‫ل‬W‫و‬EE FE K -FF‫ل‬‫א‬Wħ‫ن‬‫אن‬ģ ‫ل‬WK‫ل‬W‫و‬‫ل‬Wğ‫א‬ğ‫وא‬K‫ل‬W ‫א‬K‫ل‬W‫ن‬ ‫א‬¯EE FE K ‫א‬ ‫و‬ě‫ق‬ ‫א‬ª‫و‬ ‫وذم‬ً ً ‫و‬‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ØK FEW‫א‬WK FEÙ‫م‬‫א‬FWE‫ص‬K FEÙ‫م‬‫א‬FEW-K FEÙ‫م‬‫א‬FWEK
  38. 38. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٣٨
  39. 39. ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫وא‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫وא‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻃﺌﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬:‫ﺁﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨﺎﻁﻘﺔ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻝﺜـﺎﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺃﺤﺎﺩﻴﺙ‬‫ﻨﺎﻁﻘﺔ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬.
  40. 40. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٠
  41. 41. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤١ ‫ﺘﻭﻁﺌﺔ‬: ‫ن‬‫ص‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ص‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ Ī‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫و‬‫وع‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫و‬Ħ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K‫ود‬ ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫ل‬F W‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ْ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫ذא‬ْ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫ذא‬ْ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫ذא‬ْ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ْ ‫ذא‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬ْ ْ‫و‬ْ ْ‫و‬ْ ْ‫و‬ْ ْ‫و‬‫ذ‬ ª ْ‫ذ‬ ª ْ‫ذ‬ ª ْ‫ذ‬ ª ْEFE K ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ص‬ª ‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬K‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ق‬‫و‬ª‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ħ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬Ī‫ع‬ْęī ğ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ħ‫ق‬Ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬ħ‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ħ‫ص‬ª ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ªª‫د‬ ‫و‬Ĩ‫א‬ FE‫א‬‫وא‬Ĝ‫و‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫א‬FE‫אد‬‫وس‬‫و‬ÙK
  42. 42. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٢ ‫א‬ٍ ‫و‬‫و‬ْ‫و‬‫و‬ ª ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬ً‫א‬‫د‬ًª ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ً‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K
  43. 43. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٣ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺁﻳﺎ‬‫ﻧﺎﻃﻘﺔ‬‫ﺑﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬‫ﺃﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬ Ĩ‫ن‬‫ص‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬ħªª‫و‬ ‫א‬‫وذم‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ع‬‫ذن‬ª ‫א‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ْ‫ذج‬ Ī‫ذ‬W •-ħW{´³²±°zFE ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬ْ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫د‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ً‫א‬Ù ‫א‬ ‫א‬K •-‫و‬ħW{º¹ ¸zFE ‫אل‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫م‬ً‫و‬ً ً ‫و‬‫א‬ª‫د‬‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫ز‬ ‫و‬J‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ً ‫و‬‫وא‬‫ل‬‫وא‬‫و‬ FEW ‫א‬WK FEW‫א‬WK
  44. 44. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٤ ‫א‬KKħK •-‫و‬W{xwvutsrqp zyzFE ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬Ħ‫س‬ ‫א‬ħğ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬‫ل‬ğ‫א‬‫ل‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K ًW‫ن‬‫ن‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬K •-‫و‬ħW{ zFE ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬ī ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬ħ ‫و‬ْĞ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ú Ġ‫א‬‫א‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ل‬ħ‫و‬‫אع‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫و‬‫א‬W ğ‫א‬‫ل‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ħ‫ن‬‫א‬ªħ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ħ‫ل‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ص‬ ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬ħ‫و‬ Ğ‫א‬‫א‬ FEW‫א‬ ‫א‬WK FEW‫א‬WK
  45. 45. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٥ ‫א‬ª Ġ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ص‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬ªĠ‫א‬‫وא‬ ْ‫و‬‫א‬ħ×W {WVUTSzFE K •-‫و‬¯ħ ‫و‬W{§¦¥¤£¢ ª©¨®¬«zFE ħ ª‫ق‬ ‫א‬¯ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ض‬ ‫א‬īً ĨÙ‫א‬ً ħ ‫و‬‫ذ‬W{«ª© ®¬z‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ğ‫א‬‫و‬Ħ Ğ‫א‬{¬«ª© ®zK ‫و‬ĦĦ ‫א‬ª ‫م‬‫א‬‫ذ‬‫ن‬‫و‬ª‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ġ‫و‬Ħ Ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬ ġ‫و‬‫وא‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ĦĦ ‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫אض‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K FEW‫ل‬‫אن‬WK FEW‫ن‬ ‫א‬WK‫و‬ª ‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫و‬ª‫د‬ ‫א‬ Ħ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
  46. 46. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٦ •-‫و‬¯ħ ‫و‬WWWW{¤£¢¡ ¥zFE ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬Ù Ġ‫א‬ ħ‫א‬‫و‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬ًħ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬ً ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ً‫א‬‫ن‬K‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬ª‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ª ‫و‬‫א‬ ħ‫א‬‫א‬K •-‫و‬W{hgfekjil wvutsrqponmxzFE ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ħ‫س‬ ‫א‬ F-‫א‬-‫א‬ú-‫אض‬ ‫א‬Ħ Ğ‫א‬ -‫ذ‬ ‫א‬‫غ‬Ħ ‫א‬EK‫و‬ ğ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫و‬‫و‬K‫و‬FF‫و‬‫دق‬ ‫א‬ ‫ل‬W‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬EE FE K FEWğ‫א‬WK FE-Wú‫א‬ ‫א‬WK FE‫א‬WLK
  47. 47. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٧ •-‫و‬ħWWWW{¦¥¤£ ¢¡zFE ‫د‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫و‬‫ن‬Ù ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫و‬ ‫دא‬‫א‬‫ذא‬‫و‬Ģ‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬Ģ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬Ù‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •8-‫و‬ħW{ÆÅÄà ÂÁ zFE ‫ن‬Ù‫א‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬Ù Ġ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ذ‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬‫א‬‫א‬ÙÙ ‫وא‬ Í ‫وא‬‫وא‬Ğ‫وא‬KÙ ‫و‬Ğ‫א‬W{Ãz ‫ول‬‫و‬Ħ ‫א‬ً K •-‫و‬ħW{ÆÅÄà ÂÁÀ¿¾½¼ zFE ‫و‬‫س‬‫אم‬ًª‫وא‬ª‫و‬ FEW‫א‬WK‫و‬WW‫ل‬ ‫א‬WK FEWª‫א‬ ‫א‬WK FE-Wª ‫ز‬ ‫א‬WK
  48. 48. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٨ ª ‫א‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬Kª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ğ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ù Ġ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬Ù‫ل‬‫א‬‫א‬K •-‫و‬W{®¬ «ª©¨§¦ ¶ ´³ ²± °zFE ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬ Ğ‫א‬‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬ Ĝ‫و‬ª‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ªĦ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫دא‬Ù‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ج‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ذول‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K‫و‬‫ذ‬‫א‬J‫א‬ ‫زن‬ ‫وא‬J‫ل‬K‫ل‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ú‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬ Øģ¯ ‫א‬‫ط‬ Ī ‫وא‬‫ون‬ ‫אز‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K •-‫و‬‫و‬WWWW{ zFE ًً¯ ‫א‬Ġ‫وא‬ً ‫ن‬ ī ‫وא‬‫ذ‬‫ن‬‫د‬‫א‬ħ FE-WĦ ‫א‬WK FEW‫א‬ ‫א‬WK
  49. 49. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٤٩ ‫وא‬‫ن‬ħħ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫אن‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬‫د‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ø ‫وא‬ ‫م‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ًğÙ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬Ěú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬ K •-‫و‬W{^][ZYXWV dc ba`_zFE ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫وא‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬¯ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ª‫م‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ¯ ‫א‬‫د‬‫م‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬K‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ Ù‫و‬‫م‬ ‫א‬Īħ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ħħħħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ‫אد‬‫אد‬‫אد‬‫אد‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬ª‫א‬ħ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬WĦ ‫א‬‫ن‬ª‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫دق‬‫ن‬ª ‫و‬ ٍ‫و‬‫ود‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫وא‬K FEW‫ن‬WK‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫ق‬ª‫دא‬ ‫و‬K
  50. 50. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٠ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ‬‫ﻧﺎﻃﻘﺔ‬‫ﺑﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬‫ﺃﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬ •KKKF W‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EKKKFE K‫א‬ğ‫א‬ħ ‫א‬Ù‫ق‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫د‬‫א‬ ‫ذ‬ħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬ħ‫אد‬ ‫و‬ ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ْ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ْ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K ‫و‬ğ‫א‬ª‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬ě‫و‬Ĝª ‫א‬ً ‫אن‬‫وא‬‫م‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬Ĝú‫وא‬Ģ × ‫وא‬×K •WF‫ض‬ ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬‫ض‬ ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬‫ض‬ ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬‫ض‬ ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ FE‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬FE Ġ‫א‬K
  51. 51. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥١ ْ ‫א‬ْ ‫א‬ْ ‫א‬ْ ‫א‬EFE K‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ě‫א‬ħ ‫م‬‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬‫و‬ĦØ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ª‫م‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ī ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬K •WF‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬ْْْْ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ EFE KħĦĦ ‫د‬‫אد‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ً‫א‬‫אد‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬F W ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬E‫س‬ً ‫و‬ٍ‫و‬‫و‬ª‫وא‬ ‫و‬ Ħ Ğ‫א‬Ħ ‫وא‬K‫وא‬‫א‬F W ‫و‬KE‫ز‬ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ًÙ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬Ī ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫א‬¯ª‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ª‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫وא‬K FE‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬FE K FEW‫א‬FE‫א‬K
  52. 52. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٢ ‫ل‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬WFF‫ن‬ ħª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬‫وא‬‫وא‬ EE FE K ‫ن‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬Ğ ‫و‬K •F W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ْ‫א‬ ْْ‫א‬ ْْ‫א‬ ْْ‫א‬ ْEFE K‫א‬ğ‫א‬ًÙ ‫א‬ ª‫ذא‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫وذ‬ ª‫א‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬Ī ‫و‬ę‫و‬‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫س‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ً ‫و‬ ª ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ن‬ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ª‫א‬‫א‬Ī ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ī ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬‫د‬‫א‬Ī ‫و‬ ī‫א‬K FEª‫و‬ ‫א‬WLK FE‫א‬ª‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬× ‫א‬‫وא‬FE K
  53. 53. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٣ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫אد‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬¯‫ذא‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫و‬K ً‫ن‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ø ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬ Ğ‫وא‬ Ø ‫א‬‫و‬‫אم‬ª‫و‬ªÙK •F W‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħħħħE‫و‬W F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬EFE K ‫و‬ª‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬‫א‬‫وذ‬ú‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ص‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ħ‫א‬ ħ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬Ħ‫א‬¯‫وذא‬ ‫ن‬ً‫د‬ħٍ‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫وع‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫و‬ Ù ‫و‬Ù ‫و‬K‫و‬‫א‬ğ‫א‬Ę‫ل‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫وא‬‫و‬ً‫א‬Ù‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬Ħ ‫ن‬Ù‫א‬‫א‬K FE‫و‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ù‫א‬W L‫و‬‫دאود‬Wª‫د‬ ‫א‬Ø ‫وא‬× ‫א‬، ،‫ل‬ ‫و‬WFF‫א‬EEK
  54. 54. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٤ •‫א‬WFEFE Kª‫ذא‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ġª ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬WFE‫א‬ ‫و‬ Ĝª‫س‬ª‫א‬ª ‫א‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ª‫وא‬ª‫א‬‫א‬ª ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬-‫و‬‫א‬-‫ل‬ĦĦ ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬Ħ ‫و‬‫א‬ğ‫وא‬‫وא‬× ‫وא‬‫ذن‬ ‫د‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ًًÙ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫دא‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ Ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬Ù Ġ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ًً ‫و‬ً ‫ود‬K ‫وא‬FEW ‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬WWWW‫א‬‫ل‬ Ø ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ğ‫א‬‫وא‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬ Ĩ‫و‬ĜK ‫وא‬‫س‬ Ğ‫وא‬‫ع‬‫אع‬Ğ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬K •F Wْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬WWWWْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ْ‫א‬KKKK‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬‫وא‬WWWW¯ ¯¯ ¯¯ ¯¯ ¯ ‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬EFE Kħ‫א‬‫ود‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫אن‬‫دא‬ FE‫א‬ª‫د‬ ‫א‬ K FE‫م‬ ‫א‬× ‫א‬‫وא‬FE‫ن‬ Ú ‫אس‬ ‫א‬K
  55. 55. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٥ ‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫وא‬Ħ ‫א‬‫و‬Ħ Ġ‫א‬Ī‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫دא‬‫ذوא‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K •F W‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬ ْ ْ‫وא‬ْ ْ‫وא‬ْ ْ‫وא‬ْ ْ‫وא‬ْْْْEFE Kًª‫ذא‬ ٍ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ġ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ġً‫د‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬K ‫א‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬ħ‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬¯ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ħ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ħ ‫و‬ٍª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫א‬‫ق‬‫و‬ ‫د‬F W‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬‫ل‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫ذא‬ ْ ْ‫وא‬ْ ْ‫وא‬ْ ْ‫وא‬ْ ْ‫وא‬ْْْْKE ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ġ‫אز‬‫א‬ ‫و‬Ù ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ذא‬‫א‬‫א‬ħ ‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫د‬‫אن‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬Ĩ ‫و‬‫و‬ħ FE‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬FE K
  56. 56. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٦ ‫ذول‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫دوא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ħK ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫وא‬ ‫א‬W‫دوא‬ K ‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ ġ‫א‬Ī‫א‬‫د‬ ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ْĠ‫وא‬‫ل‬ ġ‫א‬Ġ‫وא‬ ‫ذ‬‫و‬‫ن‬ħ‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫وذ‬‫א‬‫و‬ª‫و‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬ ª‫א‬‫ص‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ğ‫وא‬‫א‬ ğ‫وא‬‫א‬K ‫ل‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬WFF‫ل‬‫א‬Ù ‫و‬W‫א‬ ٍ‫ع‬‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫א‬ ‫ذ‬‫وא‬‫א‬ħ‫ص‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫زد‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ذא‬‫א‬ħ‫دو‬ª‫א‬ ħ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ÙĠ‫א‬EE FE K ‫ن‬¯ħ‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬¯ ‫و‬ħğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ĦK KK‫א‬‫د‬ً ‫א‬Ī ‫و‬ FEª‫و‬ ‫א‬WLK
  57. 57. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٧ ‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫א‬ً ً‫א‬‫و‬ ً‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ً‫א‬ً‫א‬K •-WFْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬WWWW‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ‫א‬EEEE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬KKKK‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬WWWW‫ول‬ ‫ن‬‫ول‬ ‫ن‬‫ول‬ ‫ن‬‫ول‬ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ْ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ْ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ْ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ًًًًْْْْ ْ ْْ ْْ ْْ ْ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ٍ‫م‬‫د‬‫א‬ ٍ‫م‬‫د‬‫א‬ ٍ‫م‬‫د‬‫א‬ ٍ‫م‬‫د‬ْ ْْ ْْ ْْ ْFE KĦ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬W ‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬WWWW‫ن‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ÚÚ‫א‬ ‫م‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ق‬‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ Ğ‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬ ْ‫و‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫ن‬‫ول‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ً‫ع‬‫אم‬ ğ‫א‬‫دאم‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬‫ع‬ ĥ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ª ğ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫אم‬ ğ‫א‬ ‫ذن‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫ن‬‫אق‬‫دم‬‫א‬Ù‫ل‬ ĢĦ‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫و‬Ğ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ل‬Ħ ‫و‬Ğ‫א‬ْª ‫א‬ ‫و‬W‫אق‬‫دم‬‫א‬ÙK FE‫א‬‫م‬ ‫א‬ ‫ج‬ ‫و‬Ğ‫א‬ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬FEªK
  58. 58. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٨ ğ‫وא‬‫د‬ª‫د‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ħ‫و‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬ĦW WWWW‫د‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫د‬‫א‬‫א‬ً‫و‬ ‫وא‬ً ‫وא‬K ĩ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ğ‫א‬W F-‫ص‬ ‫א‬-‫א‬-‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ò‫א‬E ĩª‫א‬‫ن‬‫د‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫د‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ً‫א‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫وא‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K •WFٍ‫ع‬‫א‬ٍ‫ع‬‫א‬ٍ‫ع‬‫א‬ٍ‫ع‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬KEKKFE K‫د‬ Ģ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬-‫ن‬-ğ‫א‬‫و‬ W ‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬WWWWٍ‫ع‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWW‫ول‬K ‫ز‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫ل‬ª ‫وא‬ً‫א‬ğ‫א‬ W -‫ن‬‫א‬Fٍ‫ع‬‫א‬E‫ق‬‫א‬ً ú ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ًْ‫א‬ً‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬ -‫א‬‫א‬ğ‫א‬-ħĦ ‫א‬Ó‫א‬‫א‬K ‫م‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫دא‬‫وא‬ FE‫א‬Ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬FE ‫א‬ ‫א‬K
  59. 59. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٥٩ ª ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬‫ن‬ٍ‫ع‬‫א‬K‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª ğ‫א‬‫وא‬‫ص‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ª ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ě‫وא‬K ‫و‬ª‫ق‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫م‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ě‫و‬ ‫א‬K -‫ن‬‫א‬‫אل‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫دא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ Ħ ‫א‬ً‫م‬‫م‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬K ‫و‬‫م‬‫אل‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫אل‬‫א‬‫אل‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ً ‫وא‬‫אل‬‫א‬‫אل‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫و‬Ù ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫ن‬ª‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬Ī ‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬K •F W‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬EKKKFE K ī‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ª‫א‬ً‫و‬ú ‫م‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ً‫د‬ ‫و‬ę ª ğ‫א‬K ‫ن‬‫א‬‫ض‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫ن‬ FE‫א‬‫وא‬Ĝ‫و‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫א‬FE‫אد‬‫وس‬‫و‬ÙK
  60. 60. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٠ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫دאم‬ً‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ًًًī ‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ K •WFْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ْ‫א‬ ْ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬EFE K ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫و‬ª‫ذא‬ Ħً W ‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬‫ول‬ ‫א‬WWWW‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫وא‬Ħ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WWWWÚ‫و‬ٍ‫ق‬ Ġ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬Ħ‫ن‬‫د‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ Ó‫وא‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫دא‬ ًĦ ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ģ‫ن‬‫ن‬ً‫א‬‫و‬ً‫א‬K‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬ً‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬Ħ ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ħ‫א‬‫אم‬ ‫وא‬‫وא‬ FE‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬FE ‫א‬ ‫א‬K
  61. 61. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬‫ﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦١ ‫د‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫وא‬K •F W‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬WWWWًًًًEFE K ‫س‬ ‫א‬K‫ن‬ًK‫א‬ ‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬Û‫و‬K ‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫אن‬Ù‫و‬ ‫و‬‫אن‬‫ذ‬K ً ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K •8WF ْْْْEFE K‫و‬‫ق‬¯ ‫وא‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ īْ‫ن‬ ī ‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ù‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬F EÙĠ‫א‬K‫وא‬ ْ‫و‬‫ن‬ĢÙĠ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K •KKKF Wªْ ْ‫و‬ªْ ْ‫و‬ªْ ْ‫و‬ªْ ْ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬EFE K ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫د‬‫א‬Ù ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ FE‫א‬Wª‫א‬ª ‫א‬K‫و‬ ‫א‬ªFE‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ K FE‫א‬‫و‬-FE‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬K FE‫א‬ ‫و‬-‫ن‬‫ذ‬ĥ ‫א‬-W F‫א‬ ª ‫ن‬ْ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ْ ْ‫א‬ ‫م‬ ْ‫وא‬ ‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬ ªْ ْ‫و‬‫ن‬EKKKK
  62. 62. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٢ ‫א‬‫د‬‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫م‬Ĩ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ħ‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
  63. 63. ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫د‬ ‫وא‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ª‫ق‬ ‫א‬
  64. 64. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٤
  65. 65. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٥ ‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻘ‬: ª‫א‬‫ن‬Ĩ‫א‬ª‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ًًĪ ‫و‬ę ‫א‬‫و‬ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ù‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫אل‬ ‫א‬‫دون‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬ٍ‫م‬ٍÙ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ħ‫ن‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬KK Ī ‫و‬ª‫د‬‫א‬‫א‬ú‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬ Ġ‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫א‬ħ‫א‬K ‫و‬ģ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ª ‫א‬ª‫א‬ħ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫ذ‬ Ġ‫א‬K ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻗ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬: ١-‫س‬ ‫א‬ĨĜ‫ن‬¯ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬WKKKFªْ ْ‫و‬ªْ ْ‫و‬ªْ ْ‫و‬ªْ ْ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬EFE K ٢-‫س‬Ĝ‫وא‬ْK ٣-‫غ‬‫ن‬‫و‬ً‫و‬ً‫א‬‫א‬ ً‫א‬ ‫و‬K FE ĝğ‫א‬‫א‬K
  66. 66. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٦ ٤-‫ذא‬ª‫د‬‫س‬ ‫א‬W ‫ق‬‫ن‬ ْK ٥-ْْ‫ق‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ ً ‫و‬ً ‫و‬‫א‬ª‫א‬K ٦-‫م‬‫א‬‫א‬ ħ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ٧-‫ل‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬ĥ ‫א‬ ًª‫ودوא‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ğ ‫א‬K ٨-Ø-‫و‬-Ĩ‫א‬ª‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ع‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ K ٩-Ø‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬ħ‫ل‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ħ Ò‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫م‬ ‫א‬WFFÍī‫ل‬‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫א‬EEK ١٠-‫ن‬ª ‫وא‬‫ن‬ًْ‫و‬‫א‬ ª ‫وא‬‫دא‬ ‫و‬‫ط‬K ١١-‫ذא‬‫ذ‬ً‫ذא‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ً‫ن‬ĝK ١٢-‫د‬‫د‬¯ ‫و‬‫و‬ْ‫د‬ ‫د‬¯ ‫و‬K ‫وذ‬Ģً‫ص‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ğ‫א‬ª
  67. 67. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٧ ‫و‬‫א‬ú ‫א‬ĨW‫אم‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ª‫د‬ ‫א‬Ù‫و‬‫و‬‫وز‬ Ĩğ‫א‬ ‫אم‬ ‫א‬‫وع‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫وع‬ ‫א‬ ‫ذ‬ÙK ١٣-‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬ ú ‫وא‬K‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫ج‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ħٍ‫ض‬ğ‫א‬ K ١٤-‫ذא‬ª‫د‬‫א‬‫د‬Ĝ‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬úK ١٥-‫د‬‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫و‬Ø‫א‬‫ذ‬ً ‫دא‬K ١٦-ú ‫א‬ª ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬W -‫ذא‬ªK-‫ذא‬ ‫و‬K-‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K -‫ذא‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K-‫ذא‬ ‫و‬ªK ١٧-‫א‬‫ن‬ً‫ن‬‫م‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ًěK ١٨-‫ن‬ÙĠ‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫دون‬‫ن‬ ‫ط‬Øً ‫و‬K ١٩-ª‫א‬ْ‫و‬‫و‬‫ذא‬‫ن‬ Ħ ‫א‬ً‫و‬Ħ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬ً ‫دא‬K ٢٠-‫ذא‬¯úěْ
  68. 68. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٨ ĝ‫و‬‫وא‬‫א‬ً ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬ْͯ ً‫א‬ً‫א‬‫و‬‫م‬K ٢١-‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ù ‫א‬ ×K ٢٢-ĠÙ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ħ ‫دوא‬‫د‬‫و‬K ٢٣-¯‫א‬ª ª ‫و‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫و‬ª ğ‫א‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ ħ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬Í‫د‬ ‫אل‬ ‫א‬Ùٍ‫و‬‫א‬K ٢٤-‫ذא‬ª ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ħğ‫א‬‫אل‬ ‫א‬ Ù‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ٢٥-‫س‬ ‫א‬‫אم‬ ْ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ª‫د‬ ‫وא‬ę ‫و‬ْĠ‫א‬‫ذن‬ ٢٦-ً‫ط‬‫ن‬ģ‫ذא‬ ‫و‬¯ً ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ģ ěً‫ذن‬‫و‬ً‫א‬‫ط‬ ‫א‬ ً‫ن‬¯Ùٍ‫م‬ ĨK ٢٧-‫א‬ğ‫א‬K‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬K ٢٨-‫و‬Ĝ‫א‬ª‫د‬¯‫د‬ ‫و‬ª‫د‬‫و‬ ً‫و‬ě‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  69. 69. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٦٩ ‫א‬¯ÙK ٢٩--Ĝ‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬-‫ن‬ً ‫و‬ K ‫ن‬Í‫ذ‬‫א‬‫وא‬K ‫ن‬Í‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬‫وא‬K ‫ن‬Í‫א‬Ù‫ذ‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K ‫ن‬Í‫ذ‬‫א‬ Ĩ ī ‫و‬‫و‬K ٣٠-Ù‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬Í ªú‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬K ‫ن‬ ī ‫وא‬‫א‬K ‫ن‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ īK ‫ن‬‫م‬‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫و‬ K ٣١-Ù¯ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫و‬Ù¯ ‫א‬‫א‬ ğ‫א‬‫وذ‬Ĩٍ‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬K ٣٢-‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ī‫د‬- ‫א‬‫وא‬-‫א‬‫و‬
  70. 70. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٠ ‫א‬Ĝ‫د‬ ‫א‬K ٣٣-‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬-ً-‫و‬-ً ī ً‫א‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬ً‫א‬ ‫و‬-K ‫و‬ĝª ‫د‬‫א‬W ‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬‫אز‬ ‫و‬K ‫و‬ª ‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬ª ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬K ٣٤-‫א‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ĩ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬K ٣٥-Ħْ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫אن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ğ‫وא‬ Ĩ-‫א‬-‫ن‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ ًKK‫وא‬× ‫وא‬K ‫وא‬× ‫א‬ÙK ٣٦-‫א‬ً‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫ذא‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫ل‬ ğ‫א‬ -ً-‫و‬ª‫وא‬K‫و‬ Í‫و‬‫ع‬‫ن‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Í‫ون‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ÙK ٣٧-‫אد‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ª ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬Ħ‫א‬ ª ‫א‬KK‫ن‬‫ذ‬ً‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ħ ‫א‬Ĝ‫و‬K
  71. 71. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧١ ‫و‬‫ذ‬-‫א‬ ª-ª ‫א‬‫و‬‫ز‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬Ĩ KK‫ذא‬‫א‬Ù‫و‬ÙĠ‫א‬ KK‫ض‬ ‫و‬KKK‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ً K ٣٨-‫ن‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وذ‬‫א‬ً ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬ً‫و‬ ‫א‬ً ‫دא‬‫و‬K ٣٩-ْ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ً‫و‬‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬Ħ‫و‬ً ‫و‬ً‫א‬Ùً ‫א‬‫א‬‫ز‬ ‫وא‬ً ‫دא‬‫ن‬ً ‫ق‬‫א‬K ٤٠-‫ن‬‫ن‬ħ‫و‬‫ن‬ª‫د‬‫א‬ ْ¯‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ز‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬¯¯ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫א‬¯‫و‬‫ذא‬‫ذא‬ ªª ‫و‬Ħ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ Ò‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬¯ğ ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬¯¯ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ª‫د‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬ª‫د‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K ٤١-‫م‬ ‫א‬× ‫وא‬ğ‫وא‬ ‫وא‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬‫وא‬¯‫و‬¯‫و‬
  72. 72. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٢ Ù‫ج‬ Ĝħ‫و‬ħ ‫و‬‫ج‬‫אن‬ ‫و‬× ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫ق‬‫و‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K ٤٢-‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ħ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ ٤٣-‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫وع‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫م‬ ģ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ودع‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K ٤٤-‫س‬ ‫א‬ªħÙ Ġ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫وא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K ٤٥-‫و‬ªħ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ħ ‫و‬ ‫ذא‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬‫ذ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K ‫ول‬‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬K ٤٦-‫د‬ ğ‫א‬‫وא‬‫م‬ª ‫وא‬‫وא‬‫א‬ ً ‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬Ī‫ن‬ ْ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ذ‬ ‫د‬‫ذ‬‫א‬‫אض‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫وא‬ª‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬K
  73. 73. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٣ ٤٧-‫س‬ ‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ØĢ‫ن‬ ģ‫و‬Ĩ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ģ‫א‬‫ل‬ Ó‫وא‬K ٤٨-‫א‬‫و‬ًK ٤٩-‫ذא‬ª‫ل‬Ù ‫ل‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬Í‫و‬ ‫ز‬‫ذ‬Kª ‫و‬‫א‬K ٥٠-Ġğ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬Ġ ‫و‬‫א‬ Ġ‫א‬‫א‬K ٥١-Ġ‫א‬‫د‬‫א‬‫و‬-‫א‬- ‫و‬‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬‫ن‬ً ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ٥٢-‫ن‬Ġ‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ú‫وא‬ ī‫و‬‫ن‬ú ‫א‬‫א‬ª ‫و‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬ ª‫د‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ª‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬Ġ‫א‬‫ل‬ ğ‫א‬‫وم‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬‫وא‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ً‫א‬ ٥٣-ª‫ودد‬‫אد‬‫و‬ª‫وא‬‫ل‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫ذ‬‫ذ‬ ħ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫אد‬‫ل‬‫م‬ ‫א‬K ٥٤-‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬‫א‬Ĩ
  74. 74. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٤ ‫א‬-Ĩ‫ذ‬ª Ğ‫א‬-Ø‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫אد‬ ‫א‬ ‫د‬‫و‬‫א‬ú ‫א‬K‫د‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬Ğ‫א‬Ğ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫م‬‫دو‬Ħª ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ Ĝ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ٥٥-‫א‬‫ن‬ًًً‫א‬ Ħ ًK ٥٦-‫ذא‬‫ذ‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ص‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬K ٥٧-‫و‬‫ز‬ Ĝ‫م‬ ‫א‬K ٥٨-‫ن‬‫א‬Ù‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ªK ٥٩-úت Ĩ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ذא‬¯K ٦٠-‫ق‬ ‫א‬ª ğ‫א‬W‫א‬ħ‫א‬ħK ٦١-‫א‬ً ‫دא‬Ù‫س‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K ٦٢-‫ذא‬Í‫و‬Ĝ ‫دوא‬‫ذ‬K‫ن‬‫א‬¯-‫א‬- Ĝ‫و‬ª ‫א‬¯‫א‬K ٦٣-‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫אن‬ ğ‫وא‬W‫א‬‫ذא‬‫ز‬‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬‫وא‬K ٦٤-‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫م‬‫א‬ ‫ذא‬ÍK ٦٥-‫ن‬ً ‫دא‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬Ù ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫د‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫وא‬
  75. 75. ‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٥ ‫د‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K‫و‬ú ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫و‬K ٦٦-‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ġ‫و‬‫د‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫م‬‫א‬‫و‬Ú ‫א‬¯ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫د‬‫א‬‫وא‬ğ‫وא‬ ‫א‬Ø‫ون‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ġ ‫א‬‫ول‬ً ‫دא‬ħ‫س‬ ‫א‬Ġ‫ن‬ ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬×ً ً ‫و‬K ٦٧-‫ذא‬ª‫د‬ª ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬ ‫وא‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫אض‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ª ‫و‬‫وא‬ª ‫و‬ ‫و‬ª ‫و‬‫א‬K ‫وא‬‫א‬ğ‫ل‬‫א‬K‫ذ‬ ‫م‬ ‫وא‬‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ٍ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫אط‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K Ġ‫وא‬Ġ‫وא‬Ġ‫وא‬Ġ‫وא‬WWWWĝ‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫س‬ ‫א‬ًK ٦٨-‫ل‬‫م‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫م‬-‫א‬ħ-W FF‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ Ģ‫א‬EE FE K FE‫ق‬ ‫א‬Ù ‫وא‬‫אوא‬‫س‬ ‫א‬‫م‬WK
  76. 76. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٦ ٦٩-Ġ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫א‬¯ ‫وא‬W Ġ‫وא‬‫وא‬ ً‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬K‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ Ĩ‫د‬K‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬-‫א‬-‫و‬ ‫ن‬ÙĠ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ن‬úªħÙĠ‫א‬‫م‬ħ ‫א‬ú‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬KKKK ‫و‬‫ض‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫و‬‫א‬ ‫وא‬ÙĠ‫א‬K ٧٠-‫ل‬‫א‬ħ‫ل‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ Ġ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫د‬‫ن‬ğ‫א‬ªĦ ‫א‬K
  77. 77. ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫מ‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺘﻭﻁﺌﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬:‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﺇﻝﻰ‬‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬‫ﻭﻓﺭﻭﻉ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﺒﺤﺴﺏ‬،‫ﱠﻘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤﺘﻌ‬‫ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻜل‬‫ﻗـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬: -‫ﺃﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ‬. -‫ﺃﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬. -‫ﺃﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻝﻨﻔﺱ‬. -‫ﺃﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬‫ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬. ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻝﺙ‬:‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺸﺠﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﻝﻸﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﱠﻘﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬.
  78. 78. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٧٨
  79. 79. ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ٧٩ ‫ﺘﻭﻁﺌﺔ‬: ‫ذא‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ª‫א‬ ‫א‬Wٍħ‫ل‬‫وع‬ ‫و‬ٍ ‫و‬ ę‫א‬ħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ġ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬ KKħª ‫א‬K ‫ذא‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬ª ‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ذ‬Ġ‫א‬Ħ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬‫وא‬‫א‬‫ذא‬ú‫د‬‫א‬ ‫ن‬‫ذא‬ ‫و‬úğ‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ض‬ٍ‫ن‬ٍ ª‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ Ğ‫א‬ª‫ذא‬‫א‬‫ل‬ħ‫א‬ ‫م‬ Ĩ‫ق‬ ‫א‬K
  80. 80. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٨٠ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺃﺻﻮﻝ‬‫ﻭﻓﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﻭﻓﺭﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬: ‫ق‬ ‫א‬ً ‫و‬‫و‬ًĪ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬‫وع‬‫و‬ú ‫א‬ٍ Ħ ‫א‬W ‫ق‬ğ‫א‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫وع‬ ‫وא‬ ‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬K ģ‫و‬‫س‬ ‫א‬Ĝ‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬úĨ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ú ‫א‬Ù ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫و‬‫א‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ħ‫ل‬‫ق‬ğ‫א‬FE ‫و‬‫وא‬ ً‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وذ‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ FE‫ذ‬ ‫א‬ħ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ًً ‫وא‬ ً‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬WL-‫و‬L-K
  81. 81. ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ٨١ - ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -‫אد‬ ‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -‫א‬ ‫א‬Ğ‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -Ò‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -× ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -Ú‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ -‫א‬‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ Ĩ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬ً‫א‬‫ن‬ ٍ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬ ‫ذ‬‫א‬‫א‬¯‫ذא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫م‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K ‫ﻨﺒﺫﺓ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺃﺼل‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬‫ﺍﻝﺤﻤﻴﺩﺓ‬: ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬K‫و‬ W ‫ﻤﻅﺎﻫﺭﻩ‬‫ﻭﻓﺭﻭﻋﻪ‬: ‫د‬‫و‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫א‬W Jú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬ğ‫ن‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫وא‬K J‫ق‬ ‫א‬K J‫א‬K
  82. 82. ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺎﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬:‫ﻻﻜﺘﺴﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻁﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ٨٢ J‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫وא‬K J‫ل‬ ‫א‬K J‫ع‬ ‫א‬ħğ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ú Ġ‫א‬‫وא‬Ù ‫و‬‫و‬ú ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ع‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬‫دل‬ ‫و‬K ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺭﺍﻑ‬‫ﺒﺎﻝﺤﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺫﻋﺎﻥ‬‫ﻝﻪ‬: ‫ن‬ª‫دא‬ú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬ğ‫ن‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫وא‬Wú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ً‫א‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫א‬ْ‫ذ‬‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ğ‫א‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬K FF‫و‬ً‫و‬ًً ‫א‬ ‫وא‬ً ‫و‬‫و‬‫م‬ĨK ‫و‬‫ذ‬W‫א‬‫و‬úØ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وو‬Ħ ‫×א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫و‬ª Ğ‫א‬Ġ‫א‬ ‫א‬Ú‫א‬‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫و‬‫و‬W‫د‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ú‫א‬Ø ‫א‬ Ġ‫א‬‫אزق‬ ‫א‬Ò‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ز‬ ÙĠ‫א‬ً‫א‬Ù‫و‬ ‫א‬ً‫א‬‫ن‬‫א‬¯ħ ‫و‬‫د‬‫د‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ K ‫ن‬‫د‬ ‫و‬‫א‬‫و‬FÚ ‫و‬E‫و‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫و‬‫و‬¯ ‫א‬‫א‬‫د‬
  83. 83. ‫ﺍﻝﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ٨٣ ×‫د‬ ‫א‬‫و‬‫د‬‫א‬ğ‫وא‬‫אد‬ ‫وא‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬ª‫א‬Ù ‫و‬‫د‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ Ğ‫א‬ ‫ن‬ ī ‫א‬‫אم‬ ‫وא‬K ‫ن‬‫א‬‫د‬ Ğ‫א‬‫ل‬‫א‬EE FE K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ª‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫م‬‫א‬‫س‬ ‫א‬ª ‫د‬‫و‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ğ‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬ú‫א‬Ø ‫وא‬ª ‫د‬‫و‬ ‫د‬W‫د‬‫ن‬‫א‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ً‫א‬ ‫ل‬‫א‬ ‫אزم‬‫د‬ ‫א‬Ĩª ‫د‬‫אزم‬ ‫א‬ªğ‫א‬K ‫ذ‬‫א‬-ً‫א‬Ù‫א‬‫א‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬- ‫وع‬‫א‬‫א‬‫و‬‫و‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬K ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫א‬ħ‫ن‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬ ‫و‬‫ج‬ Ģ‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫و‬‫ذ‬K‫ذ‬Ī‫وع‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬‫و‬K ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ذ‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ğ‫א‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ع‬ ‫و‬‫و‬K‫ج‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬W‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫و‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫وא‬Ġ‫وא‬‫وא‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫وא‬‫م‬ ‫و‬‫ق‬ ğ‫א‬‫א‬KK ħ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ق‬ ‫א‬K FEWL-K

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