Common Core State Standards:Implications for English LearnersMagdalena Ruz Gonzalez, M.Ed.Project Director IIIMultilingual Academic Support Unit/ELLDivision of Curriculum and Instructional ServicesRuz-Gonzalez_Magda@lacoe.eduBobbi Ciriza Houtchens, M.A.Consultantbhoutchens@yahoo.com http://commoncore.lacoe.edu
Outcomes for Session• To learn what is currently addressed in Common Core State Standards as it relates to English Learners• To examine samples of “EL access to Common Core Standards”
AB 124 Fuentes: Academic Content Standards: English Language Development Standards• Establishes ELD standards Advisory Committee responsible for updating, revising and aligning, by August 31, 2012• The ELD standards will be aligned to the Common Core State academic content standards.• Committee must include teachers and administrators with expertise in instruction English Learners.
ELs Meet High Academic Standards in Language Arts Common Core• Access to teachers and personnel at the school and district levels who are well prepared to support ELs; building on strengths and skills;• Instruction that develops foundational skills in English and enables ELs to participate fully in grade-level coursework;
ELs Meet High Academic Standards in Language Arts Common Core• Immersed in a variety of literacy-rich school environments;• Coursework that prepares ELs for postsecondary education or the workplace, is made comprehensible through specific pedagogical techniques and additional resources;
ELs Meet High Academic Standards in Language Arts Common Core• Opportunities for classroom discourse and interaction are well-designed to enable ELs to develop communicative strengths in language arts;• Ongoing assessment and feedback guides learning;• Provide ELs with native English language role models and support.
Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Discourse and Academic Language: EL Success• Language switching can be swift, highly automatic, and facilitate rather than inhibit solving word problems;• Instruction should ensure that students understand the text of word problems before they attempt to solve them;
Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Discourse and Academic Language: EL Success• Instruction should include a focus on “mathematical discourse” and “academic language”.• Students learn to participate in mathematical reasoning, not by merely learning vocabulary, but by making conjectures, presenting explanations, and/or constructing arguments;
Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Discourse and Academic Language: EL Success• While vocabulary instruction is important, it is not sufficient for supporting mathematical communication.• Vocabulary drill and practice are not the most effective instructional practices for learning vocabulary.
Stanford National Initiative: ELs Meet Common Core State Standards• Dr. Kenji Hakuta• Sponsor meetings, webinars, commission papers on key topics, collaborate with local districts• Create clear specifications and exemplars of how teachers can foster English language proficiency as part of subject matter instruction• http://ell.stanford.edu
Are We ALL in Agreement?• Are we all in agreement that ELs need systematic English language development through specific ELD standards?• Are we all in agreement that ELs need access to content through specific differentiated instruction and assessments?
THE NEXT SAMPLES• Linking Common Core to ELD standards• Access to ELA Common Core• These are NOT OFFICIAL.• These are most likely what the ELD standards will look like that are ACCESS .
Speaking and Listening Standards K–5: Comprehension and Collaboration Kg: Ask and answer 1st: Ask and answer 2nd: Ask and answer questions in order questions about questions about to seek help, get what a speaker says what a speaker says information, or in order to gather in order to clarify clarify something additional comprehension, that is not information or gather additional understood. clarify something information, or that is not deepen understood. understanding of a topic or issue.B Answer simple questions with 1-2 word responses. Clarify in primary language then teach structure in English.EI Ask & answer questions by using phrases/simple sentences.I Ask & answer questions for clarification with additional details.
Language Standards 6–12: Vocabulary Acquisition and Use6th: Demonstrate 7th: Demonstrate 8th: Demonstrateunderstanding of figurative understanding of figurative understanding of figurativelanguage, word relationships, language, word relationships, language,and nuances in word and nuances in word word relationships, andmeanings. meanings. nuances in word meanings.a. Interpret figures of speech a. Interpret figures of a. Interpret figures of(personification) in context. speech (e.g., literary, speech (e.g. verbal irony, biblical, and mythological in context. allusions) in context.B: Identify figurative language (similes, metaphors) through primarylanguage and describe understanding with the aid of a simplesentence frame.E: I Identify figurative language (personification) in various culturalcontexts through primary language and describe understanding in asimple sentence or phrase.I: Identify more complex figurative language in oral and writtencontext (verbal irony).
Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies,Science, and Technical Subjects 6–12: Research to Build &Present Knowledge Grades 9-10 Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.B: Write a brief response to a research question that organizes information incharts, tables, etc. using sentence frames. Primary language materials are used.EI: Write a brief summary to a research question that organizes informationgathered from various sources in charts, tables, etc. using sentence/ paragraphframes.I: Investigate a topic and write a report that organizes information gathered fromprimary/secondary sources in charts, tables, etc. using paragraph frames andincluding citations.
ELD Standards Roll out, Fall 2012• Ensure a roll-out of the Common Core State Standards aligned to the new ELD Standards• Provide opportunities for discussion of how educators are to approach teaching and learning for ELS• Ensure the language proficiency and academic success of ELs with frequent monitoring