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Coffee hour about Sri Lanka


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Coffee Hour at International Student Center, Kansas State University by Sri Lankan Students Association

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Coffee hour about Sri Lanka

  1. 1. SRI LANKA “ The Pearl of the Indian Ocean” MAY YOU LIVE LONGER !!! 'AYUBOWAN' Sri Lanka Students’ Association
  2. 2. Country Profile: Geography SRI LANKA USA
  3. 3. Country Profile: Geography Sri Lanka (Ceylon) is an island situated in the Indian ocean, at the base of the Indian sub-continent latitude: - 6 – 10 o N longitude:- 80 – 82 o E (880 km north of the equator)
  4. 4. Country Profile: Geography Area: 25,332 miles 2 ( 1/3 of Kansas and slightly larger than West Virginia ) Average Temperature: Low land along the coast: 80 0 F Hill country : 67 o F Capital: Colombo (Business) Sri Jayawardhana (Legislative) Highest Elevation 8281 ft MSL
  7. 7. Country Profile: Government Country Name - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Government Type - Republic Chief of State - President Legal System - Mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch, Muslim, Sinhalese, and customary law Suffrage – 18 years First Female Prime Minister in the World ( 1960-65, 1970-77 and 1994-00) Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  8. 8. National Flag National Emblem National Flower ( Blue Water Lily ) National Tree ( Mesua Nagassarium )
  9. 9. Country Profile: People The Sri Lankan Society is rich with Ethnic and Religious diversity Ethnicity - Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Muslim 7%, Other 1% Population - 20 million Population / Area = 790 people/ miles 2 (34 in Kansas) Languages - Sinhala, Tamil, English
  10. 10. <ul><li>Religions - Buddhist 70%, Hindu 15%, Christian 8%, Islam 7% </li></ul>Country Profile: People
  11. 13. Country Profile: Education <ul><li>Literacy Rate - 92% ( 49% in South Asia) </li></ul><ul><li>A free education system with fully government funded Schools and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Primary (Grade 1- 6) </li></ul><ul><li>Junior Secondary (Grade 7-11) </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Secondary (Grade 12-13) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education (University) </li></ul><ul><li>Medium of Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools – Sinhala, Tamil & English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities – English </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Less than 1% of Private Schools & Universities </li></ul>
  12. 14. Country Profile: Health <ul><li>Life expectancy at birth – 73 years (62.8 in South Asia) </li></ul><ul><li>Free Health Care system </li></ul><ul><li>Government funded National Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>No Mandatory Health Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>The Practice of AYURVEDIC Medicine is very popular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AYURVEDA - science of life or the Art of healthy living with herbal medicines and natural treatments </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Culture <ul><ul><li>Civilized before 300 B.C. using agriculture and irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by Portuguese, Dutch & British rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate connection between society & religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity ranging from traditional farming to Information Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World famous for hospitality of people </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Culture: Festivals <ul><ul><li>Sinhala & Hindu new year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Celebration of the end of the major harvest season &quot;Maha&quot; of the year, in the month of Bak (April) according to the Sri Lankan calender. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rituals based on times calculated according to astrology. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><ul><li>Thaipongal Festival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly celebrate by Hindus in the month of January </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Culture: Festivals <ul><ul><li>Vesak festival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrates on the full moon day in May to commemorate the Birth, the Enlightenment and the Parinibbhana (death) of the Lord Buddha. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Vesak Lanterns
  17. 20. Culture: Festivals <ul><ul><li>Kandy Perahera (Procession) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Held annually in August to honor the living memory of the Buddha, the sacred tooth relic. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ One of foremost World Heritage events' – UNESCO. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>perahara events
  18. 24. Food <ul><li>The Staple diet is Rice and curry </li></ul><ul><li>Very famous for spicy and hot food </li></ul><ul><li>Use of coconut cream for cooking is very common </li></ul><ul><li>Over hundred of varieties </li></ul>
  19. 30. Sports <ul><li>National Sport – Volleyball </li></ul><ul><li>Most Popular game – Cricket </li></ul><ul><li>Other Games – Soccer, Hockey, Rugby, Athletics </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winners of 1996 Cricket World cup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won the bronze medal for women 200m in 2000 Olympic </li></ul></ul>
  20. 31. Susanthika Jayasinghe
  21. 32. Nature & Attractions Sri Lanka is one of the biodiversity hot spots in the world. Sinharaja rain forest, a primeval forest over 15 million years old is a world heritage site More than 50% of the flora & fauna of the Sinharaja forest are endemic.
  22. 38. Nature & Attractions Sri Lanka has a rich and exotic variety of wildlife.
  23. 44. Nature & Attractions In comparison to its size, Sri Lanka has perhaps the largest number of waterfalls in any country of the world (approx. 400 waterfalls) waterfalls in Sri Lanka
  24. 48. Nature & Attractions Sri Lanka has the most picturesque white, sandy beaches.
  25. 56. Nature & Attractions Sri Lanka has the largest orphanage for Asian elephants. Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage
  26. 58. Economy Sri Lanka's economy mainly depends on agricultural products, garment exports and tourism. GDP : $80.58 billion (2004 est.) Population below poverty line: - 22% (1997 est.) Unemployment rate: - 7.8% (2004 est.) Currency: Sri Lanka Rupee (US$ 1 = 102 Rupees) per capita : - $4,000 (2004 est.) composition by sector : - <ul><li>agriculture: 19.1% </li></ul><ul><li>industry: 26.2% </li></ul><ul><li>services: 54.7% </li></ul>
  27. 59. Economy: Agriculture Sri Lanka is one of the largest Tea Producer in the World - Ceylon Tea has achieved a reputation as being the best tea in the world. Other agricultural exports include spices, rubber, coconuts, foliage plants & flowers.
  28. 65. Economy: Industries Sri Lanka supplies 1.2% of US Garment needs and Apparel Industry accounts for 71% of Sri Lanka’s Industrial Exports Sri Lanka is a Leading exporter of high-grade graphite & rich in Mineral deposits such as Illemanite, Rutile & Apatite. Sri Lankan Ceramics are some of the finest in the world. Large deposits of precious stones can be found in and around Ratnapura, the city of gems.
  29. 66. Economy: Tourism Sri Lanka is a tropical gateway for thousands of visitors all around the World Every year more than 0.5 million tourists visit Sri Lanka
  30. 67. Economy: Tourism
  31. 71. <ul><li>National Parks </li></ul>Economy: Tourism
  32. 72. Economy: Tourism
  33. 73. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka Sacred City of Anuradhapura – 1 st Capitol (4 th Century BC) Jetavana Dagoba, Sandakada Pahana, Samadhi Buddha Statue, Ruwanweliseya, Jaya Sri Maha Bodhiya
  34. 74. Ancient city of Polonnaruwa - 2 nd capital (1017 - 1284 AD) Buddha Statues, Watadage and guardstones UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka
  36. 77. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka World famous for its unique landscaping and Frescoes Rock, Steps, Entrance & Frescoes
  37. 81. THANK YOU ! ...