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12 increasing soil water holding capacity act. 5.1_bielek

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12 increasing soil water holding capacity act. 5.1_bielek

  1. 1. www.gwpcee.org Drought management by agricultural practices and measures increasing soil water holding capacity (Activity 5.1.) by Pavol Bielek (activity leader)
  2. 2. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20152 www.gwpcee.org Activity leader, partners, duration Pavol Bielek : activity leader (Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovakia) Partners : J. Hladík (Research Foresth Institute for Soil and Water Conservation, Praha, Czech Republic), A. Kedziora (Institut of Agricultural and Forest Environment, Poznan, Poland), P.Bielek (Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovakia), R. Mihelic (University of Ljubliana, Ljubliana, Slovenia) Duration : 2013 - 2015 The main challenges. To bring verified ideas for water retention increase by measures of soil using in agriculture as mittigation activity against drought and floods as well. Applicable everywhere in agricultural country. Objectives. From field experiments (in 4 countries) to bring results on soil water holding capacity increase by: (1)subsoiling, (2) organic matter application into the soil, (3) conservation tillage to the deep of 10 cm, (4) composting tillage and (5) no-till farming. Basic information
  3. 3. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20153 www.gwpcee.org 1.Published 2 articles in newspaper (Rolnícke noviny, 2013, 2014 SK) focused on support of soil water holding capacity increase. 2.Organized one day expert meeting on „Water in the country) in Prague (Czech Rep., 2014). 3.Book published on „Compendium to practically oriented soil Science“, (author P.Bielek), Nitra, SK, 244 pp., partly focused on targeted problems. 4. Problems are incorporated into the university study (Nitra, SK – PhD study, student works, lectures). Implementation process
  4. 4. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20154 www.gwpcee.org 1. Theoretical background study focused on soil water holding capacity increase. 2. Design of technology how to increase the soil water holding capacity by specific methods of soil use (in project verified farming systems). 3. Proposals how to extend obtained results in larger territories (best is using of soil information systems to identify needs). 4. Proposals how to organize extention and support systems of implementations on national and international levels (EU). 5. All is presented in national and in joint final reports. Final outputs
  5. 5. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20155 www.gwpcee.org Till now, verified approaches (subsoiling mainly) have been recommended only for use in specific conditions of extremly heavy soils. It was proposed from agricultural plant production point of view (no as water regimes regulations). Also another verified measures have not been tested enough on soil water holding problems. There is new idea to use proposed measures as water management practices by activities of farmers and to support of farmers by sector of agriculture. Added value
  6. 6. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20156 www.gwpcee.org 1. Soil survey data must be collected with respect to proposed technologies. 2. Maps and information systems have to be designed for implementations. 3. Results need to be transfered to agricultural extention services on regional and national levels. 4. Proposed technologies need to be implemented into the water management plans as significant activities of farmers. Lessons learned and transferability
  7. 7. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20157 www.gwpcee.org Existing field experiments can be used for the future by everybody who want to use it (researchers, students, etc.) • Computerized information systems creation for propose of technologies use on country levels. Principles must be generalized on international levels (as continuing of this project). • Handbook on soil water holding capacity increase must be published for general use by decission makers and farmers (as continued activity of this project). • Proposal for policy regulations and subsidiary systems on EU and national levels is necessary to prepare and recommend (as continued activity of this project). Follow up
  8. 8. IDMP CEE Final Workshop; 21-22 April, 2015, Bucharest, RomaniaApril 20158 www.gwpcee.org If you do what you always did, you will get what you always got. Henry Ford We want to thank for GWP Project which enabled a little accept this excellent idea. Participants of the 5.1.Activity

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