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English idioms


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English idioms

  1. 1. IDIOMS By: miss-Samah Ismail
  2. 2. What is an idiom?
  3. 3. words, phrases, or expressions that are not interpreted logically or literally Idioms
  4. 4. <ul><li>Idioms are phrases which people use in everyday language which do not make sense literally but we understand what they mean </li></ul>
  5. 5. It’s Raining Cats and Dogs!!!! <ul><li>It’s raining cats and dogs means: </li></ul><ul><li>Cats and dogs are falling from the sky. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s raining very hard. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not raining much at all. </li></ul><ul><li>The weather is horrible. </li></ul>a. c. d. b.
  6. 6. SORRY, Try Again!
  7. 7. CORRECT!
  8. 8. <ul><li>For example : It’s raining cats and dogs. It’s literal meaning suggests that cats and dogs are falling from the sky. We interpret it to mean that it is raining hard. </li></ul>An idiom is an expression that has a meaning apart from the meanings its individual words.
  9. 9. Skeletons in Your Closet <ul><li>Skeletons in your closet means: </li></ul><ul><li>Your closet is full of skeletons. </li></ul><ul><li>You are hiding something in your closet. </li></ul><ul><li>You have secrets or something that you don’t want anyone to know. </li></ul><ul><li>You are not afraid of anything. </li></ul>a. b. c. d.
  10. 10. CORRECT!
  11. 11. Sorry, Try Again!
  12. 12. What does this mean really?
  13. 13. Shake a Leg!! <ul><li>Shake a leg means: </li></ul><ul><li>A dance move used in the Shag. </li></ul><ul><li>Shake your leg to get a bug off of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Hurry up! </li></ul><ul><li>You are doing the Hokey Pokey. </li></ul>a . b. d . c .
  14. 14. CORRECT!
  15. 15. Sorry, Try Again!
  16. 16. Other Examples
  17. 17. To break the ice is to be the first one to say or do something, with the expectation that others will then follow. Can you think about Another idiom that means something similar
  18. 18. The Answer is to&quot;get the ball rolling
  19. 19. Common Idioms and their meanings: <ul><li>Teasing you </li></ul><ul><li>Pulling your leg </li></ul><ul><li>Very happy or excited </li></ul><ul><li>On cloud nine </li></ul><ul><li>Old or too old to do something </li></ul><ul><li>Over the hill </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient; wait a minute </li></ul><ul><li>Hold your horses </li></ul><ul><li>Describes a person who is angry and defensive or who is always ready to argue or fight </li></ul><ul><li>To have a chip on your shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>To be the first to say or do something hoping that others will join you </li></ul><ul><li>To break the ice </li></ul>
  20. 20. Food for thought These idioms are all about food. Can you explain what they really mean? <ul><li>Taking two bits of the cherry </li></ul><ul><li>Selling like hot cakes </li></ul><ul><li>Playing gooseberry </li></ul><ul><li>Going bananas </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>to take another try. </li></ul><ul><li>ex: the girl failed her test, at least she get another bit of the cherry next year! </li></ul>Taking two bits of the cherry
  22. 22. <ul><li>to sell quickly, to sell rapidly. </li></ul><ul><li>You are a good seller. </li></ul><ul><li>Hot cakes are delicious </li></ul>Selling like hot cakes
  23. 23. CORRECT!
  24. 24. Feel like a fish out of water Be like a fish out of water
  25. 25. CORRECT!
  26. 26. <ul><li>Feel uncomfortable because you are in an unfamiliar situation. </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel like a fish out of water , you feel awkward or uncomfortable because you are in an unusual or unfamiliar situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>I don't like going to the big parties they have. I always feel like a fish out of water there. </li></ul>Meaning:
  27. 27. And this?
  28. 28. hang something on someone to blame something on someone;
  29. 29. And what about this one?
  30. 30. to cause someone to lose interest or sympathy . Her offensive remarks really turned me off.
  31. 31. Let’s see, if you understand the peculiar meaning of some common idioms!
  32. 32. The meaning of the idiom go to pieces is: <ul><li>to experience an emotional or mental breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>to severely criticize someone </li></ul><ul><li>exert oneself to the fullest extent </li></ul><ul><li>to be overly shy or bashful; to be insincere </li></ul>
  33. 33. Now read the sentences and try to guess the meaning of the underlined idioms: <ul><li>1. Hey! Don't put words in my mouth! I didn't say that. Don't tell me what to say. Don't misquote me. Don't be sad </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>2. You look down in the mouth today. What's wrong? 1* You should smile. 2* You look ugly. 3* You look sad. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Animal Crackers <ul><li>It’s raining ____ and dogs! </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve got a ____ in my throat </li></ul><ul><li>Those are just ______tears </li></ul><ul><li>He’s taken the lion share </li></ul><ul><li>I can smell a ___ </li></ul>
  36. 36. Lots of idioms are about numbers. See if you can fill in the missing numbers in these says. What do they mean? <ul><li>Dressed up to the ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Talking ___ to the dozen </li></ul><ul><li>One in a ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Playing ______ fiddle </li></ul><ul><li>In _______ heaven </li></ul>Numbers up
  37. 37. Additional References About Idioms: <ul><li> has fun idiom games. </li></ul><ul><li> has an a to z list of idioms with categories and quizzes. </li></ul><ul><li> is a site about a software program you can buy about idioms. </li></ul><ul><li> is another idioms review site . </li></ul><ul><li> has practice quizzes. </li></ul><ul><li> tells where specific idioms originated. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Thank you & Good bye By: miss-Samah Ismail