M.S. Institute of Nursing,
• Population policy in general refers to policies
intended to decrease the birth rate or
• Statement of goals, objectives and targets
are inherent in the population policy.
• In April 1976 India formed its first
"National Population Policy".
• It called for an increase in the legal
minimum age of marriage from 15 to 18
for females, and from 18 to 21 years for
• However, for the most part, the 1976
statement became irrelevant and the policy
was modified in 1977.
• New policy statement reiterated the
importance of the small family norm
without compulsion and changed the
programme title to "family welfare
• The National Health Policy approved by the
parliament in 1983 had set the long-term
demographic goals of achieving a Net
Reproductive Rate (NRR) of one by the year
2000 (which was not achieved).
• "National Population Policy 2000" is the
latest in this series.
• It reaffirms the commitment of the
government towards target free approach in
administering family planning services. It
gives informed choice to the people to
voluntarily avail the reproductive health care
National Population Policy 2000
• The new NPP 2000 is more than just a
matter of fertility and mortality rates.
• It deals with:
1. Women education
2. Empowering women for improved health
3. Child survival and health
4. The unmet needs for family welfare services
5. Health care for the under-served population
groups like urban slums, tribal community,
hill area population and displaced and
6. Adolescent's health and education
7. Increased participation of men in planned
8. And collaboration with NGOS.
• The objective of NPP 2000 is to bring the
TFR to replacement level by 2010.
• The long term objective is to achieve
requirements of suitable economic growth,
social development and environment
• The National Socio-Demographic Goals to be
achieved by the year 2010 were as follows:
i. Address the unmet needs for basic
reproductive and child health services,
supplies and infrastructure.
ii. Make school education upto the age 14 free
and compulsory, and reduce drop-outs at
primary and secondary school levels to
below 20 per cent for both boys and girls.
iii. Reduce infant mortality rate to below 30
per 1000 live births.
iv. Reduce maternal mortality ratio to below
100 per 100,000 live births.
v. Achieve universal immunization of children
against all vaccine preventable diseases.
vi. Promote delayed marriage for girls, not
earlier than age 18 and preferably after
20 years of age.
vii. Achieve 80 per cent institutional deliveries
and 100 per cent deliveries by trained
viii.Achieve universal access to
information/counselling, and services for
fertility regulation and contraception with
a wide basket of choices.
ix. Achieve 100 per cent registration of births,
deaths, marriage and pregnancy.
x. Contain the spread of Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and
promote greater integration between the
management of reproductive tract
infections (RTI) and sexually transmitted
infections (STI) and the National AIDS
xi. Prevent and control communicable diseases.
xii. Integrate Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM)
in the provision of reproductive and child
health services, and in reaching out to
xiii.Promote vigorously the small family norm
to achieve replacement levels of TFR.
xiv.Bring about convergence in implementation
of related social sector programmes so that
family welfare becomes a people centred
• If the NPP 2000 was fully implemented, it was
anticipated that in the year 2010 the
population may be 1107 million instead of
1162 million projected by the Technical Group
of Population Projections.
• However, the provisional population (1210
million) in 2011 is higher by about 110 million
compared to the target set for the year 2010.
• Efforts at population stabilization will be
effective only if an integrated package of
essential services is directed at village and
• Inadequacies in the existing health
infrastructure have led to a unmet need of
28 per cent of contraception services and
obvious gap in coverage and outreach.
• The NPP 2000 is to be largely implemented
and managed at Panchayat and Nagar
Palika levels in coordination with the
concerned state/UT administration.