Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

National population policy 2000

Population policy in general refers to policies intended to decrease the birth rate or growth rate.

Statement of goals, objectives and targets are inherent in the population policy.
History
National Population Policy 2000
Objectives
National Socio-Demographic Goals
Conclusion

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to comment

National population policy 2000

  1. 1. National Population Policy 2000 Presented by: Harsh Rastogi, Nursing Tutor, M.S. Institute of Nursing, Lucknow.
  2. 2. Introduction • Population policy in general refers to policies intended to decrease the birth rate or growth rate. • Statement of goals, objectives and targets are inherent in the population policy.
  3. 3. History
  4. 4. History • In April 1976 India formed its first "National Population Policy". • It called for an increase in the legal minimum age of marriage from 15 to 18 for females, and from 18 to 21 years for males. • However, for the most part, the 1976 statement became irrelevant and the policy was modified in 1977.
  5. 5. Cont… • New policy statement reiterated the importance of the small family norm without compulsion and changed the programme title to "family welfare programme". • The National Health Policy approved by the parliament in 1983 had set the long-term demographic goals of achieving a Net Reproductive Rate (NRR) of one by the year 2000 (which was not achieved).
  6. 6. Cont… • "National Population Policy 2000" is the latest in this series. • It reaffirms the commitment of the government towards target free approach in administering family planning services. It gives informed choice to the people to voluntarily avail the reproductive health care services.
  7. 7. NPP 2000
  8. 8. National Population Policy 2000 • The new NPP 2000 is more than just a matter of fertility and mortality rates. • It deals with: 1. Women education 2. Empowering women for improved health and nutrition 3. Child survival and health 4. The unmet needs for family welfare services
  9. 9. Cont… 5. Health care for the under-served population groups like urban slums, tribal community, hill area population and displaced and migrant population 6. Adolescent's health and education 7. Increased participation of men in planned parenthood 8. And collaboration with NGOS.
  10. 10. Objectives
  11. 11. Objectives • The objective of NPP 2000 is to bring the TFR to replacement level by 2010. • The long term objective is to achieve requirements of suitable economic growth, social development and environment protection.
  12. 12. National Socio- Demographic Goals
  13. 13. Goals • The National Socio-Demographic Goals to be achieved by the year 2010 were as follows: i. Address the unmet needs for basic reproductive and child health services, supplies and infrastructure. ii. Make school education upto the age 14 free and compulsory, and reduce drop-outs at primary and secondary school levels to below 20 per cent for both boys and girls.
  14. 14. Cont… iii. Reduce infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births. iv. Reduce maternal mortality ratio to below 100 per 100,000 live births. v. Achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases. vi. Promote delayed marriage for girls, not earlier than age 18 and preferably after 20 years of age.
  15. 15. Cont… vii. Achieve 80 per cent institutional deliveries and 100 per cent deliveries by trained persons. viii.Achieve universal access to information/counselling, and services for fertility regulation and contraception with a wide basket of choices. ix. Achieve 100 per cent registration of births, deaths, marriage and pregnancy.
  16. 16. Cont… x. Contain the spread of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and promote greater integration between the management of reproductive tract infections (RTI) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) and the National AIDS Control Organization. xi. Prevent and control communicable diseases.
  17. 17. Cont… xii. Integrate Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM) in the provision of reproductive and child health services, and in reaching out to households. xiii.Promote vigorously the small family norm to achieve replacement levels of TFR. xiv.Bring about convergence in implementation of related social sector programmes so that family welfare becomes a people centred programme.
  18. 18. Conclusion • If the NPP 2000 was fully implemented, it was anticipated that in the year 2010 the population may be 1107 million instead of 1162 million projected by the Technical Group of Population Projections. • However, the provisional population (1210 million) in 2011 is higher by about 110 million compared to the target set for the year 2010. • Efforts at population stabilization will be effective only if an integrated package of essential services is directed at village and household levels.
  19. 19. Cont… • Inadequacies in the existing health infrastructure have led to a unmet need of 28 per cent of contraception services and obvious gap in coverage and outreach. • The NPP 2000 is to be largely implemented and managed at Panchayat and Nagar Palika levels in coordination with the concerned state/UT administration.
  20. 20. Thank You!

×