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By. Hae Na Lee
WHAT IS FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION?• Separating solutions       • Fractionating Column• Different boiling points   • Physical...
HISTORY OF FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION                       • Specifically Unknown                       • Greek Alchemist (M...
HISTORY OF FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION           • Oldest Record of the Process ( 3600             B.C)           • 48cm high ...
HOW DOES IT WORK?                                           5. ‘Distillate’ is 4. The vapours                            r...
WHAT ARE THE PRODUCTS USED FOR?                             Separating                             Crude Oil              ...
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION TOWER
FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION• Cost : 1 million RMB – 10 million RMB(depends on the size)• Cost to run: Depends on the capacity ...
WHAT ARE HYDROCARBONS?• Organic Chemical Compound• Hydrogen and Carbon• Different Properties ( Solid, Liquid, Gas)        ...
HYDROCARBONS CHAIN - CRUDE OIL
WHAT RESEARCH IS CURRENTLY BEING DONEON FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION?
INTERESTING FACTS• The distillation process at an oil refinery consumes 2  barrels of oil in energy for every 100 barrels ...
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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Fractional distillation

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This is the powerpoint about Fractional Distillation that I made for grade 8 science class

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Fractional distillation

  1. 1. By. Hae Na Lee
  2. 2. WHAT IS FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION?• Separating solutions • Fractionating Column• Different boiling points • Physical Properties
  3. 3. HISTORY OF FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION • Specifically Unknown • Greek Alchemist (Middle Ages) • Change ordinary metals into gold • Separating Mixtures of Fatty acids • Columns Tubes• Han Dynasty• Made out of Bronze• Chemical Experiments
  4. 4. HISTORY OF FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION • Oldest Record of the Process ( 3600 B.C) • 48cm high 5cm in large 2 liters • Steam • Developments in 16th century
  5. 5. HOW DOES IT WORK? 5. ‘Distillate’ is 4. The vapours received in a condenses in a receiving flask. column called Condenser 3. The vapours rise to fractional distillation column1. Heat the mixtures with 2. The mixture different boiling starts to boil and points.(High pressure) forming vapour
  6. 6. WHAT ARE THE PRODUCTS USED FOR? Separating Crude Oil Separating Chemicals in the labAlcoholic Drinks – Spirits Creating Perfume
  7. 7. ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
  8. 8. FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION TOWER
  9. 9. FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION• Cost : 1 million RMB – 10 million RMB(depends on the size)• Cost to run: Depends on the capacity and types of oil• Areas : America / Russia / Middle East• Employees : 4-5 people in Europe / 10-30 people in China
  10. 10. WHAT ARE HYDROCARBONS?• Organic Chemical Compound• Hydrogen and Carbon• Different Properties ( Solid, Liquid, Gas) • More than 100,000 hydrocarbons • Many different uses • Crude Oil
  11. 11. HYDROCARBONS CHAIN - CRUDE OIL
  12. 12. WHAT RESEARCH IS CURRENTLY BEING DONEON FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION?
  13. 13. INTERESTING FACTS• The distillation process at an oil refinery consumes 2 barrels of oil in energy for every 100 barrels of refined oil• Widely use in Make-Up• It is also used in create natural food flavourings
  14. 14. BIBLIOGRAPHY

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