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The Rise of Filipino Nationalism

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Presentation Made By: Bianca Villanueva AB1C
Sources: Various

(A Philippine History Project || Ms. Mirafe Varela))

Published in: Education
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The Rise of Filipino Nationalism

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION ? NATIONALISM … Nationalism is a belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation. In the history of Philippines, the birth of nationalism went rather slowly due to topography, language problems and colonial policy. Nationalism is not a product of a sudden outburst of sentiment. It is brought about by certain factors that gradually develop. It is like a seed nourished by common ideals and aspiration for national unity.
  2. 2. NATIONALISM Nationalism is a belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation. It involves national identity. Nationalism is the feeling of oneness among the people of a certain country.
  3. 3. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  4. 4. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Transformed Philippines as the center for world trade Provincial ports were opened to foreign merchants -- rice, sugar, abaca, tobacco and indigo Broke her dependency on the treasury of Mexico The economy of the Philippines rose rapidly and its local industries developed
  5. 5. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Modernization of the country -- 1839 : Mail service -- 1852 : 1st paper money (Philippine bank) -- 1880 : Hotel de Oriente (Binondo) -- 1846 : 1st newspaper Rise of the middle class -- intelligentsia or ilustrado -- comprised of the Spanish and Chinese mestizos
  6. 6. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce
  7. 7. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  8. 8. Influx of Liberal Ideas Due, primarily, to the opening of Philippines to world trade The possibility of applying Western thoughts as a means to solve existing problems in the country Also caused by the opening of the Suez Canal -- November 17, 1869
  9. 9. Influx of Liberal Ideas The intellectuals of the country gained access to western political thought from the books and newspapers brought by foreign travelers -- Ideologies of the French and American Revolution -- Voltaire, Rousseau, Locke, Montesquieu, Jefferson
  10. 10. Influx of Liberal Ideas “But there is only one thing which gathers people into seditious commotion, and that is oppression.” “When the people fear the government, there is tyranny. When the government fears the people, there is liberty.” “Society is the union of men and not the men themselves.” “In general, the art of government consists of taking as much money as possible from one class of citizens to give to another.” “Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.”
  11. 11. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  12. 12. Secularization Movement Regular Priests and Secular Priests -- Regular priests belonged to religious orders. Their main task was to spread Christianity. -- Secular priests were trained to run the parishes and were under the supervision of the bishops. Conflict began when the bishops insisted on visiting the parishes that were being run by regular priests
  13. 13. Secularization Movement Secular priests must fill in the vacancy left by the regular clergy The increase of number in Christian converts proved to be too much compared to the number of clerics Due to lack of personnel, the various religious orders opened membership to young native Filipinos -- 1698: Francisco Baluyut – 1st indio priest
  14. 14. Secularization Movement Conflict mounted between the Spanish friars and Filipino Priests -- Father Pedro Pelaez - defended the rights of the Filipino clergy
  15. 15. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  16. 16. Liberal Regime of De La Torre He was welcomed by both Filipinos and Spaniards -- June 23, 1869 A liberal Spaniard who practiced liberal and democratic principles He abolished flogging, relaxed media censorship, and began limited secularization of education
  17. 17. Liberal Regime of De La Torre Developed a close relationship with the ilustrados The peaceful settlement of agrarian unrest in Cavite -- Guisas de la Torre (Guardia Civil) - police force headed by Camerino, the leader of the revolt
  18. 18. Liberal Regime of De La Torre Alpargatas - the Spanish national footwear for peasants
  19. 19. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  20. 20. Cavite Mutiny The liberal government established by Gov. – Gen. Carlos Maria de la Torre ended -- General Rafael Izquierdo - marked the end of liberal policies 200 Filipino Soldiers (Cavite arsenal) -- abolition of exemption from polo y servicio and payment of annual tribute -- January 20, 1872 - the mutiny broke out under the leadership of Sergeant La Madrid -- January 27, 1872 - 41 mutineers were executed including Camerino
  21. 21. Cavite Mutiny Boasted that he ruled with a crucifix in one hand and a sword in the other
  22. 22. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  23. 23. GOMBURZA Execution Father Mariano Gomez Father Jose Burgos Father Jacinto Zamora
  24. 24. GOMBURZA Execution February 17, 1872 -- executed by the Spanish colonizers on charges of subversion
  25. 25. GOMBURZA Execution February 17, 1872 -- executed by the Spanish colonizers on charges of subversion Refers to an attempt to transform the established social order and its structures
  26. 26. GOMBURZA Execution -- is a weapon, most often referring to a handheld ligature of chain, rope, scarf, wire or fishing line used to strangle a person Garrote
  27. 27. GOMBURZA Execution Questioned Spanish authorities and demanded reforms Their deaths awakened strong feelings of anger and resentment among the Filipinos -- Propaganda Movement -- It was organized and participated by the illustrados
  28. 28. GOMBURZA Execution Propaganda Movement -- Equality of Filipinos and Spaniards. -- Recognition of the Philippines as province of Spain. -- Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes -- Secularization of Philippine parishes. -- Human rights Graciano Lopez– Jaena Jose Rizal
  29. 29. GOMBURZA Execution Propaganda Movement -- La Liga Filipina -- La Solidaridad La Liga Filipina had no intention of rising up in arms against the government but the Spaniards still felt threatened The Propaganda Movement put up its own newspaper, called La Solidaridad.
  30. 30. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  31. 31. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution
  32. 32. Opening of Philippines to World Commerce Influx of Liberal Ideas Secularization Movement Liberal Regime of De La Torre Cavite Mutiny GOMBURZA Execution

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