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Does Participation in International R&D Networks Enhance Local Dynamism?

This chapter which is in line with the global pipelines-local buzz framework addresses the collaboration
dynamics of ICT researchers from universities of an emerging economy who are mostly benefiting from
national funds and do not have dominating or core roles in international R&D networks. It provides a
novel taxonomy to identify the degree of globalisation versus localisation of ICT scientists in Turkey.

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Does Participation in International R&D Networks Enhance Local Dynamism?

  1. 1. 203 Copyright © 2015, IGI Global. Copying or distributing in print or electronic forms without written permission of IGI Global is prohibited. Chapter 9 DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8598-7.ch009 Does Participation in International R&D Networks Enhance Local Dynamism? ABSTRACT This chapter which is in line with the global pipelines-local buzz framework addresses the collaboration dynamics of ICT researchers from universities of an emerging economy who are mostly benefiting from national funds and do not have dominating or core roles in international R&D networks. It provides a novel taxonomy to identify the degree of globalisation versus localisation of ICT scientists in Turkey. BasedoninternationalandnationalprojectportfoliosofTurkishICTresearcherswhoparticipatedinFP6 and other international projects between 2003 and 2006, four groups (gatekeepers, externally oriented researchers, internally oriented researchers, inactive researchers) were formed in terms of their degree of local or global focus. For the period of 2007–2013, the performance of the same population was traced with respect to its international or national project density, publication output, involvement in decision making processes on academic project funding, and contribution to R&D capacity development in the private sector. Findings show that that most of the researchers who are engaged in international collabo- ration are also locally active and they seem to be the most productive actors within the four groups. The study also implies that having a strong project portfolio at both national and international levels relates to having a work experience abroad after the PhD fulfilment and being at a university with advanced research ecosystem in Turkey. This chapter concludes with key policy recommendations, highlighting the need on moving beyond one-size-fits-all policies which should take in to account the heterogeneity, differentiation on career levels, national priorities and capacity requirements of the research ecosystem. Hüseyin Güler Bahçeşehir University, Turkey Erkan Erdil Middle East Technical University, Turkey
  2. 2. 204 Does Participation in International R&D Networks Enhance Local Dynamism?  INTRODUCTION The particular combination of local buzz and globalpipelinesgeneratesadynamicofknowledge creation within a research ecosystem (Bathelt, 2007).Inlinewiththeglobalpipelines-localbuzz framework this study looks from the perspective of universities at emerging economies which are participating in international R&D networks formed to conduct frontier research in advanced technology fields. It gives clues about research dynamics of emerging economy universities that are mostly benefiting from national funds and do not have dominating or core roles in international R&Dnetworks.Barnard,Cowan&Müller(2012) analyses global pipelines-local buzz at researcher level on scientific publications, this paper in ad- dition to that adds project based analysis to the literature while also other types of contributions to the local system are also has been taken into account. This type of analysis can be considered as a unique approach, because in fields like bio- technology, pharmaceutical and information and communication technology (ICT) collaboration networks are at the core of new knowledge gen- eration where they are dominated mostly by the advanced country organization, that’s why most studiesareaboutdynamicsofdevelopedcountries. Considering the lack of studies about research dynamics of emerging economy universities, it is also aimed to contribute to the debate about the internationalization of R&D by putting emphasis on the local impact of international collaboration and derive practical policy recommendations at micro, meso and macro levels. With this paper we attempt to highlight the significance of local buzz created by Turkish researchers belonging to EU-funded ICT R&D and other TÜBİTAK funded international col- laboration projects. In other words, this paper is about global pipelines’ effects on local buzz. The paper documents the role of globally and locally engaged researchers in the innovation system of an emerging economy. From evolutionary perspective of innovation, research collaboration and external knowledge flows are seen as important catalyzers for acquir- ing new capabilities for innovative organizations which cannot rely only on internal knowledge base (Castellani, Zanfei, & Muendler, 2006). The theoretical framework followed in this study is basedoncontemporarystudiesoninnovationfrom the perspective of evolutionary economics, the core–periphery model of economic development and recent literature on research networks and sociology and organization of science in emerg- ing economies. Following, Krugman’s core–pe- riphery model of economic geography, this study is grounded on local deployment of knowledge gathered from international R&D networks and based on the findings it tries to provide actionable policy recommendations for the countries at the periphery in order to enhance synergies between local buzz and global pipelines. Network literature implicitly treats the re- searchers who are involved in different collabora- tionactionsasgatewaysbetweendifferentprojects. Such researchers may also transmit knowledge gathered from international platforms to the lo- cal level, which can enhance the local buzz. On the other hand, rather than contributing to local knowledge spillovers, these gateways may serve totransferlocaltacitknowledgeintointernational forums, which may have limited or no positive ef- fectsonthelocalcompetitivenesslevel.Asathird option,ratherthanactingasgatewaysbridgingthe local and the global, they may have limited local connections while preferring to interact mostly with global players and transmitting all of their gains from international collaboration projects to other foreign partners. In the light of these statements, the paper is organizedaroundthefollowingresearchquestions: Within the framework of Turkish participation in EU FP6 IST projects and other international collaboration projects does participation in in- ternational R&D networks create local buzz in Turkey? How can the profiles of participant Turk-
  3. 3. 28 more pages are available in the full version of this document, which may be purchased using the "Add to Cart" button on the product's webpage: www.igi-global.com/chapter/does-participation-in-international-rd-networks- enhance-local-dynamism/135849?camid=4v1 This title is available in Advances in Human and Social Aspects of Technology Book Series, InfoSci-Books, Communications, Social Science, and Healthcare, InfoSci-Social Sciences and Online Behavior. Recommend this product to your librarian: www.igi-global.com/e-resources/library-recommendation/?id=93 Related Content Public Access ICT in Philippines IDEACORP, Maria Juanita R. Macapagal and Mina Lyn C. Peralta (2012). Libraries, Telecentres, Cybercafes and Public Access to ICT: International Comparisons (pp. 283-298). www.igi-global.com/chapter/public-access-ict-philippines/55843?camid=4v1a The Culture(s) of Cyberspace Leah P. Macfadyen (2006). Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction (pp. 143-149). www.igi-global.com/chapter/cultures-cyberspace/13113?camid=4v1a A Query-Based Approach for Semi-Automatic Annotation of Web Services Mohammad Mourhaf AL Asswad, Sergio de Cesare and Mark Lycett (2013). Information Systems and Modern Society: Social Change and Global Development (pp. 125-143). www.igi-global.com/chapter/query-based-approach-semi-automatic/73597?camid=4v1a Advise, Acknowledge, Grow and Engage: Design Principles for a Mobile Wellness Application to Support Physical Activity Aino Ahtinen, Minna Isomursu, Shruti Ramiah and Jan Blom (2013). International Journal of Mobile Human Computer Interaction (pp. 20-55). www.igi-global.com/article/advise-acknowledge-grow-and-engage/101442?camid=4v1a

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  • recepuzungil

    Feb. 26, 2016

This chapter which is in line with the global pipelines-local buzz framework addresses the collaboration dynamics of ICT researchers from universities of an emerging economy who are mostly benefiting from national funds and do not have dominating or core roles in international R&D networks. It provides a novel taxonomy to identify the degree of globalisation versus localisation of ICT scientists in Turkey.

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