Crime & Cybercrime• Crime – Engaging in conduct that has been outlawed by a particular society• Cybercrime – Differ in the tool: guns are change for computers Harm to: Individuals, property, government and morality
CYBER CRIME• Cybercrime is any illegal act committed using a computer network (especially the Internet).• Criminal activities that take place in cyberspace (the Internet).• Computer used to commit a crime – Child porn, threatening email, assuming someone’s identity, sexual harassment, defamation, spam, phishing• Computer as a target of a crime – Viruses, worms, industrial espionage, software piracy, hacking
Classification OF CYBER CRIME• Cybercrime includes a wide variety of crime• Offences under cyber crime: – Offences against the confidentiality integrity and availability of computer data and systems – Content-related offences – Copyright-related offences
National & International Efforts• First Wave (privacy) – Sweden (1973) ; USA (1974); Federal Republic of German (1977); Austria, Denmark, France and Norway (1978), etc.• Second Wave (property) – Italy (1978); UK (1981,1990); USA (1980s); Canada and Denmark (1985), etc.• Third Wave (intellectual property)• Convention on Cybercrime – Ensuring that countries adopt procedural laws. – Harmonizing national cybercrime law.
PROTECT YOUR SYSTEM• Use anti-virus software and firewalls - keep them up to date• Keep your operating system up to date with critical security updates and patches• Dont open emails or attachments from unknown sources• Use hard-to-guess passwords. Don’t use words found in a dictionary. Remember that password cracking tools exist• Back-up your computer data on disks or CDs often
• Dont share access to your computers with strangers• If you have a wi-fi network, password protect it• Disconnect from the Internet when not in use• Reevaluate your security on a regular basis• Make sure your employees and family members know this info too!
• Treat your password like you treat your toothbrush. Never give it to anyone else to use, and change it every few months. THANKS ????