A Presentation By
- Bapi Biswas
“Floored” By Wood!
Wooden flooring is any kind of product that is made of
wood (timber) to use for flooring, either structural and
aesthetic. Wood has become a very common choice to
manufacture flooring material which comes in a variety
of styles, cuts, colors, sizes and species. Bamboo
flooring is often considered as the wooden flooring
although it is made of grass rather than timber.
LAMINATE WODDEN FLOORING
Laminated wooden flooring is a kind of wooden
flooring manufactured by fusing multi-layer synthetic
flooring products together with a lamination process.
Laminate flooring transcribes wood, stone or tile with
a photographic applique layer under a clear
protective layer. The inner layer basically composed
of melamine resin and fiber board materials.
Laminated flooring has become very popular mainly
because it is strong, durable, it can resist burns,
scratches and chipping and it is easy to install and
maintain than the other traditional flooring materials.
ENGINEERED WODDEN FLOORING
Engineered wood flooring is a kind of flooring
material made of two or more layers of wood in the
form of a plank. The top layer is the wood that is
visible and the flooring is installed and is adhered to
the core. It has become a very common type of
wooden flooring around the globe. Each floor board
consist of three or four layers of wood, fixed together
with adhesive or other methods of fixation at the right
angle to create a plank around 40mm thick. It is more
attractive than laminated floor and cheaper than solid
planks. It is also more stable.
SOLID WODDEN FLOORING
Solid wooden flooring is a kind of wooden flooring
made of planks milled from a single piece of timber
typically 18mm to 20mm thick and air dried before
sawing. It can be cut according to the desired look
size in three ways: flat-sawn, quarter-swan, and rift-
swan. Solid woods are mostly manufactured with a
tongue-and-groove for installation. Solid engineered
flooring has gained popularity across the world. Solid
wood floors have a thicker wear surface and it can be
sanded and finished more times than an engineered
wood floor or laminated wood floor.
There are three types of wooden flooring and each kind of flooring has several branches. These are listed
Laminated wooden flooring
• Distressed/Hand scraped
• Embossed in Registration
Engineered wooden flooring
• Strip flooring
• Plank flooring
• Parquet flooring
Solid wooden flooring
• Strip flooring
• Plank flooring
• Parquet flooring
Laminated Wooden Flooring Engineered Wooden Flooring Solid Wooden Flooring
Prices start at 250 rupees
per sq m, but the cheapest
kinds are smooth and
appear relatively unrealistic.
Prices ranges from about
1600 rupees per sq m, to
more than 14200 rupees
per sq m for expensive
Price starts at 120 rupees
per square feet depends on
the kind of woods.
Tongue and groove
Click or wood lock systems
Floor connection systems
Glue down method
TONGUE AND GROOVE
One side and one end of the plank have a groove the other
side and end have a tongue. The tongue and groove fit roughly
together thus joining or aligning the planks and are not visible.
Tongue and groove flooring can be installed by glue down,
floating or nail down.
CLICK OR WOOD LOCK SYSTEMS
There are a number of patented click system that now exist
this click systems are either unilin or fiboloc. A click floor is
similar to tongue and groove but instead or fitting directly
into the groove, the board must be angled or tapped into
the curved or barbed tongue fit into the modified groove.
No adhesive is used when install a click floor, making
board replacement easier. This system not only exist for
engineered wood floors.
FLOOR CONNECTION SYSTEMS
There are a wide range of connection systems as most of
them are mill-specific manufacturing techniques. The
general principal is to how grooves all for sides of the plank
with a separate, unconnected, piece that is inserted into
the grooves of two planks to join them. The piece used for
the connection can be made from wood rubber or plastic.
GLUE DOWN SYSTEMS
Wooden flooring can be installed utilizing the glue down method.
This is an especially popular method for solid parquet flooring
installation on concentrate sub floors. Additionally, engineered
wood flooring may use the glue down method as well. A layer of
mastic is placed ion to the subfloor using a trowel similar to those
used in laying ceramic tile. The wood pieces are laid on top of
them. Glue and hammered into place using a rubber mallet.
A floating installation is where the flooring is laid down in glue
less manner on top of a layer of underlay. The individual planks
are locked together using a wood lock system, and they are not
glued nailed down to the sub floor. By doing this floor is floating
above the underlay, and can be laid on top of existing tile or
marble, without the risk of damaging the subfloor.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
Good quality wooden floors lasts for decades.
Wood floors are easier to clean than carpets.
Wood flooring is more hygienic and eco friendly .
Wooden floors doesn’t create and spread odours.
Easy to install.
It is very attractive.
Wooden flooring cranks up the value of your house
several notches if you ever plan to sell it.
Wooden flooring is very easy to maintain.
Wooden flooring is extremely versatile and you can do
anything you want with it.
Wooden flooring is cheaper than carpet.
Wooden flooring needs frequent cleaning.
Wooden floors become pretty cold during cold season.
Wooden floors are not friendly to pets and children.
Wooden floor is easily swollen by moisture and damage
can be prepared.
If the surface is damaged it is hard to fix.
Some kinds of wooden floors are sold in damp
conditions and shrinks in dry once.
WOODEN Vs. VINYL FLOORING
Wooden flooring less expensive
Installation of wooden flooring is harder than Vinyl
Wooden flooring has more of a sturdy grip which makes
it suitable for high traffic area as its top layer is scratch
Wooden flooring is not friendly to the pets and children
Wooden floorings comes in lesser designs than the Vinyl
Vinyl flooring is costlier than the Wooden flooring
Installation procedure is much easier than the Wooden
Vinyl flooring has soft feel to it. It is not suitable for high
Vinyl flooring is the best option for you if you have old
members, children or pets at your home because it
comes with a slip-resistance covering to keep them
Vinyl is highly resilient, that means it can be used to
simulate a variety of designs and colours