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THE EMERGING CHURCH 

&

THE ONE PROJECT?

PART 2





“LEONARD SWEET”

1 OF 3



MY	
  STUDY	
  INTO	
  THE	
  EMERGING	
...
Leonard Sweet
2
Very	
  distinguished	
  man.	
  Very	
  
melodious	
  speaking	
  voice.	
  
Sounds	
  very	
  sincere	
 ...
Amazon.com “Biography”

on Leonard Sweet
¨ “Len Sweet was born of a mixed marriage: his mother was
a fiery Pilgrim Holine...
4
Definition	
  of	
  SEMIOTICS:	
  “a	
  general	
  philosophical	
  theory	
  of	
  
signs	
  and	
  symbols.”	
  Leonar...
5
Taken	
  from	
  Leonard	
  Sweet’s	
  own	
  website.	
  
About Leonard Sweet
¨ “… Len’s three-ring mission: a historian of American
culture; a futurist/semiotician who ‘sees thin...
About Leonard Sweet
¨ “In 2006 and 2007, Len was voted by his peers ‘One of the 50 Most
Influential Christians in America...
About Leonard Sweet
¨ “Author of more than two hundred articles, over twelve hundred
published sermons, and dozens of boo...
Leonard Sweet Books
9
Published	
  in	
  1991.	
  “This	
  was	
  Len’s	
  
‘coming	
  out’	
  book	
  as	
  a	
  postmode...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Acknowledgments
¨ “The author’s perennial plight when sitting down to...
11
From	
  the	
  “Acknowledgement”	
  Section	
  of	
  the	
  book	
  Sweet	
  thanks	
  many	
  leading	
  New	
  Agers....
12
95	
  Thesis:	
  In	
  2005,	
  while	
  preparing	
  for	
  a	
  presentation	
  in	
  Germany	
  and	
  following	
  ...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Acknowledgments
¨ “Those who have taught me how to catch the tail
win...
14
Pantheism	
  runs	
  through	
  all	
  of	
  these	
  authors.	
  Look	
  up	
  the	
  word	
  with	
  any	
  of	
  
th...
15
Walter	
  Brueggemann:	
  is	
  an	
  American	
  Protestant	
  Old	
  Testament	
  scholar	
  
and	
  theologian	
  an...
16
Ken	
  Wilber:	
  is	
  an	
  American	
  author	
  who	
  has	
  written	
  about	
  mysticism,	
  
philosophy,	
  eco...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Acknowledgments
¨ “No one has had a bigger role in my learning to dan...
Quantum Spirituality

Acknowledgments: The Cloud of Unknowing
¨ “The Cloud of Unknowing is an anonymous work of Christian...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Mysticism
¨ “Mysticism, once cast to the sidelines of the
Christian t...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Mysticism
¨ “Energy-fire experiences take us into ourselves only
that...
21
Say	
  What?	
  If	
  none	
  of	
  that	
  really	
  made	
  sense	
  to	
  you	
  that’s	
  okay.	
  The	
  entire	
 ...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Pantheism
¨ “New Light embodiment means to be ‘in connection’
and ‘in...
23
	
  “Sallie	
  McFague	
  is	
  an	
  American	
  feminist	
  Christian	
  theologian,	
  best	
  known	
  for	
  her	
...
24
[66]	
  is	
  referencing	
  Matthew	
  Fox,	
  The	
  Cosmic	
  Christ:	
  The	
  Coming	
  of	
  the	
  Cosmic	
  Chr...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Pantheism
¨ “Quantum spirituality bonds us to all creation as well as...
26
“Pantheism	
  is	
  the	
  pagan	
  belief	
  that	
  ‘ALL	
  is	
  God.’	
  Panentheism	
  is	
  its	
  
twin	
  that	...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Ecumenism
¨ “New Light embodiment means to be ‘in connection’ and
‘in...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Ecumenism
¨ “A surprisingly central feature of all the world’s
religi...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Prayer
¨ “7. Stand in front of a picture of a family member
who has d...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Prayer
¨ “8. Hold your Bible and breathe meditatively.
The breathtaki...
Quantum Spirituality

In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Prayer
¨ “9. Keep breathing quietly while holding your Bible.
You hav...
32
An	
  entire	
  book	
  could	
  be	
  written	
  in	
  response	
  to	
  
Quantum	
  Spirituality,	
  and	
  to	
  all...
Quantum Spirituality

Book Review
¨ “The new focus is on unity -- a world-wide oneness
reflected in the growing union bet...
Ellen White & Pantheism
Before	
  moving	
  on	
  to	
  more	
  of	
  Leonard	
  Sweet’s	
  theology	
  we	
  should	
  re...
Ellen White & Pantheism
¨ “Pretenders will arise with theories that have no
foundation in the word of God. We are to hold...
Ellen White & Spiritualism
¨ “The prince of darkness, who has so long bent the powers of
his master-mind to the work of d...
Ellen White & Spiritualism
¨ “But Spiritualism, which numbers its converts by
hundreds of thousands, yea, by millions, wh...
Ellen White & Spiritualism
¨ “It is true that Spiritualism is now changing its form, and,
veiling some of its more object...
Ellen White & Spiritualism
¨ “Satan has long been preparing for his final effort to
deceive the world. …Little by little ...
Ellen White & Spiritualism
¨ “Through the two great errors, the immortality of the soul, and
Sunday sacredness, Satan wil...
Ellen White & Ecumenism
¨ “The line of distinction between professed Christians and
the ungodly is now hardly distinguish...
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02 the emerging church and the one project part 2

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The Emerging Church and The One Project part 2

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02 the emerging church and the one project part 2

  1. 1. THE EMERGING CHURCH 
 &
 THE ONE PROJECT?
 PART 2
 
 
 “LEONARD SWEET”
 1 OF 3
 
 MY  STUDY  INTO  THE  EMERGING  CHURCH  STARTED  WHEN  A  PASTOR  BACK  EAST  ASKED   IF  I  KNEW  ANYTHING  ABOUT  “THE  ONE  PROJECT”.     WHEN  I  BEGAN  TO  STUDY  INTO  THE  HISTORY  OF  THE  PROJECT  AND  THOSE  WHO   STARTED  THE  MOVEMENT,  I  WAS  LEAD  TO  ENQUIRE  ABOUT  THE  EMERGING  CHURCH   AND  ITS  TEACHINGS  AND  HISTORY.  I  FOUND  THAT  IT  DEALS  WITH  MUCH  MORE  THAN   JUST    “SPIRITUAL  FORMATION”  AND  “CENTERING  PRAYER.”  
 
 1
  2. 2. Leonard Sweet 2 Very  distinguished  man.  Very   melodious  speaking  voice.   Sounds  very  sincere  and   earnest.  Has  some  legitimate   concerns  about  Christian   churches  failures,  but  doesn't   see  true  cause  nor  true  remedy.   Certainly  doesn't  see  the  three   angels  message  that  God’s  end   time  church  is  to  be  giving/ living  in  this  world.  
  3. 3. Amazon.com “Biography”
 on Leonard Sweet ¨ “Len Sweet was born of a mixed marriage: his mother was a fiery Pilgrim Holiness-ordained preacher from the mountains of West Virginia and his quiet father a Free Methodist lay leader from the Adirondack mountains of upstate New York. After a deconversion at 17, when Len set about less sowing wild oats than planting prairies, he became an atheist intellectual and scholar dedicated to exposing the nincompoopery and poppycockery, if not tomfoolery and skullduggery of all religions. After this seven-year period of liminality, Len came back to the faith of his ancestors, where he has been ever since, exploring the ‘insterstices’ and ‘semiotics’ of religion, culture and history.” ¨ (http://www.amazon.com/Quantum-Spirituality-Postmodern-Leonard-Sweet/dp/ 1882122011 ) 3
  4. 4. 4 Definition  of  SEMIOTICS:  “a  general  philosophical  theory  of   signs  and  symbols.”  Leonard  Sweet  has  been  the  primary   person  to  make  this  word  popular  in  the  Emerging  Church   movement.  He  states  that  he  bases  it  on  Mat  16:3    “He   answered  and  said  unto  them,  When  it  is  evening,  ye  say,  It   will  be  fair  weather:  for  the  sky  is  red.  And  in  the  morning,  It   will  be  foul  weather  to  day:  for  the  sky  is  red  and  lowring.  O  ye   hypocrites,  ye  can  discern  the  face  of  the  sky;  but  can  ye  not   discern  the  signs  of  the  times?”  The  Greek  word  is  “sēmeion”   which  means:  “an  indication,  especially  ceremonially  or   supernaturally:  -­‐  miracle,  sign,  token,  wonder.”  Sweet  seems   to  use  it  as  a  term  that  describes  himself  and  his  cohorts  and   followers,  who  can  see  the  signs  in  different  religions,  cultures   and  histories.  
  5. 5. 5 Taken  from  Leonard  Sweet’s  own  website.  
  6. 6. About Leonard Sweet ¨ “… Len’s three-ring mission: a historian of American culture; a futurist/semiotician who ‘sees things the rest of us do not see, and dreams possibilities that are beyond most of our imagining;’ and a preacher and writer who communicates the gospel powerfully to a postmodem age by bridging the worlds of academe and popular culture.” In  his  own  words.  A  bridge  between  Education  and  culture.  A   big  part  of  Sweet’s  vision  is  passed  on  through  educational   institutions.   6
  7. 7. About Leonard Sweet ¨ “In 2006 and 2007, Len was voted by his peers ‘One of the 50 Most Influential Christians in America’ by Church Report Magazine. Currently the E. Stanley Jones Professor of Evangelism at Drew University, Madison, NJ and a Visiting Distinguished Professor at George Fox University, Portland, Oregon, Len has been Vice President of Academic Affairs and Dean of the Theological School at Drew University for five years.” Drew  began  in  the  early  1867  as  a  United  Methodist  theological  seminary  in   Madison  New  Jersey.  Dr.  James  Strong  (Strong’s  Concordance)  was  published   in  1890,  during  his  tenure  as  Professor  of  exegetical  theology  at  Drew   Theological  Seminary.  Obviously  much  has  changed  since  then.  We  will  look   later  at  his  work  at  George  Fox  University  which  was  founded  by  Quakers  in   1885  and  is  located  in  Newberg  Oregon,  and  has  centers  in  Portland,  Salem   and  Boise  ID.  In  1996,  the  college  merged  with  Western  Evangelical  Seminary   to  form  George  Fox  University.  Notable  graduates  include  Richard  Foster,  and   Dan  Kimball,  both  big  names  in  Emerging  Church  movement. 7
  8. 8. About Leonard Sweet ¨ “Author of more than two hundred articles, over twelve hundred published sermons, and dozens of books, Len is the primary contributor (along with his wife Karen Elizabeth Rennie) to the web-based preaching resource, sermons.com. For nine years he and his wife wrote Homiletics, which became under their watch the premier preaching resource in North America. In 2005 Len introduced the first open-source preaching resource on the Web, wikiletics.com.”(http://www.leonardsweet.com/about.php ) “He  is  the  author  of  more  than  forty  books,  …  and  over  50  prefaces/forewords  to   others'  books.”  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Sweet     It  would  be  an  understatement  to  suggest  that  Leonard  Sweet  is  controversial  even   in  the  Evangelical  world.  Some  claim  the  controversy  derives  from  his  dabbling  with   the  New  Age  and  spiritualistic  Emerging  Church  movement.   With  over  forty  books  written  it  seems  understandable  that  someone  might  take   objection  to  something  he  has  written,  and  perhaps  all  the  concern  is  unjustifiable.   But  one  positive  aspect  of  having  so  many  books  to  pick  from  is  the  fact  that  it  is   not  too  difficult  to  let  Sweet  speak  for  himself,  and  numerous  times  at  that. 8
  9. 9. Leonard Sweet Books 9 Published  in  1991.  “This  was  Len’s   ‘coming  out’  book  as  a  postmodern   disciple  after  his  1987  knockdown,   drag-­‐out  Damascus  Road  encounter   with  God,  who  (as  he  describes  it)   ‘knocked  me  off  my  high  academic   horse  and  said,  ‘Sweet,  are  you  going   to  get  a  mission  for  the  world  you  wish   you  had  or  the  world  that's  actually  out   there.’”    http://disciple21century.com/ECreferencelibrary-­‐Sweeet.htm
  10. 10. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Acknowledgments ¨ “The author’s perennial plight when sitting down to write a book was first announced in Hebrews 11:8: ‘and he [Abraham] went out, not knowing whither he went.’ Even though I had no idea where I was headed when setting out on my quest of the quantum, I did have some notion of who to take with me. Certain extraordinary people….” ¨ “But some of those who led [me] into new light are: ... Matthew Fox, … Richard J. Mouw, … Rowan Williams.” ¨ “Those who have taught me how to stump around postmodern environs are psychologists James Ashbrook, …” (Quantum Spirituality, pp. viii-ix) 10
  11. 11. 11 From  the  “Acknowledgement”  Section  of  the  book  Sweet  thanks  many  leading  New  Agers.   Matthew  Fox:  is  an  American  priest  and  theologian.[1]  Formerly  a  member  of  the  Dominican   Order  within  the  Roman  Catholic  Church,  he  is  now  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  Church.  Fox  was   an  early  and  influential  exponent  of  a  movement  that  came  to  be  known  as  Creation  Spirituality.   The  movement  draws  inspiration  from  the  mystical  philosophies  of  such  medieval  Catholic   visionaries  as  Hildegard  of  Bingen,  Thomas  Aquinas,  Saint  Francis  of  Assisi,  Julian  of  Norwich,   Dante  Alighieri,  Meister  Eckhart  and  Nicholas  of  Cusa,  as  well  as  the  wisdom  traditions  of   Christian  scriptures.  Creation  Spirituality  is  also  strongly  aligned  with  ecological  and   environmental  movements  of  the  late  20th  century  and  embraces  numerous  spiritual  traditions   around  the  world,  including  Buddhism,  Judaism,  Sufism,  and  Native  American  spirituality,  with  a   focus  on  "deep  ecumenism".  …  Fox’s  book  The  Coming  of  the  Cosmic  Christ:  The  Healing  of   Mother  Earth  and  the  Birth  of  a  Global  Renaissance  delves  more  into  these  issues.   More  Books:  One  River,  Many  Wells:  Wisdom  Springing  from  Global  Faith;  His  book  on  the   mysticism  of  Thomas  Aquinas  translates  many  of  his  works  that  have  never  before  been   translated  into  English.   Worship:  Fox's  "Techno  Cosmic  Masses"  (more  recently  just  called  "Cosmic  Masses")  are  events   that  attempt  to  combine  the  religious  ritual  of  the  Eucharist  with  dance  and  multimedia  material,   deejays,  video  jockeys  and  rap  music.  They  evoke  and  connect  spiritual  rituals  and  the  ecstatic   energy  of  Techno  music  and  rave  parties.  They  developed  from  a  group  called  the  Nine  O'Clock   Service  in  Sheffield,  England  in  the  late  1980s  and  early  1990s  and  was  brought  to  the  United   States  and  further  developed  by  Fox  in  the  mid  1990s.
  12. 12. 12 95  Thesis:  In  2005,  while  preparing  for  a  presentation  in  Germany  and  following  the   naming  of  Cardinal  Ratzinger  as  Pope  Benedict  XVI,  Fox  created  95  theses  that  he  then   translated  into  German.  On  the  weekend  of  Pentecost,  arrangements  were  made  for  him   to  nail  these  to  the  door  of  the  Wittenberg  church  where  Martin  Luther  nailed  the  original   95  Theses  in  the  16th  century,  the  act  credited  as  the  beginning  of  the  Protestant   Reformation.[1][16]  The  action  fueled  the  creation  of  a  lively  blog  involving  tens  of   thousands  of  Germans.  In  his  theses,  Fox  called  for  a  new  reformation  in  Western   Christianity.  In  his  supporting  book,  A  New  Reformation,  Fox  argued  that  two  Christianities   already  exist  and  it  is  time  for  a  new  reformation  to  acknowledge  that  fact  and  move  the   Western  spiritual  tradition  into  new  directions.  Fox  is  also  supportive  of  homosexuality.     Richard  J.  Mouw:  is  an  American  theologian  and  philosopher.  He  is  currently  President  at   Fuller  Theological  Seminary,  where  he  also  holds  the  post  of  Professor  of  Christian   Philosophy.  Dialogue  with  Catholics:  In  2009,  he  signed  a  public  statement  encouraging  all   Christians  to  "read,  wrestle  with,  and  respond  to  Caritas  in  Veritate",  the  social  encyclical   by  Pope  Benedict  XVI.   Rowan  Williams:  Rowan  Williams  is  an  Anglican  bishop,  poet  and  theologian.  He  was  the   104th  and  current  Archbishop  of  Canterbury.    He  is  anti-­‐creationist,  pro-­‐evolutionist,  pro-­‐ homosexuality.  He  has  written  on  Saint  Teresa  of  Avila,  a  Spanish  Roman  Catholic  mystic.   He  is  active  in  the  ecumenical  movement  and  seeking  reunion  of  the  Church  of  England   and  Rome.    
  13. 13. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Acknowledgments ¨ “Those who have taught me how to catch the tail winds of energies whooshing from new spiritual jet streams are entrepreneurs and business leaders … missionary theologians and journalists ….” ¨ Others that Leonard Sweet thanks include: Morton Kelsey, M. Scott Peck, Walter Brueggemann, Ken Wilber, Thomas Berry and other New Agers. (Quantum Spirituality, pp. viii-ix) 13
  14. 14. 14 Pantheism  runs  through  all  of  these  authors.  Look  up  the  word  with  any  of   these  names.   Morton  Kelsey:  author  of  over  30  books,  and  Episcopal  priest,  pro-­‐ homosexuality,  charismatic  Christian,  is  into  new  forms  of  worship  and   meditation:  Dreams:  A  Way  to  Listen  to  God;  Healing  and  Christianity;  The   Other  Side  of  Silence:  Meditation  for  the  Twenty-­‐first  Century;  Companions   On  The  Inner  Way:  The  Art  of  Spiritual  Guidance;  Adventure  Inward;   Transcend:  A  Guide  to  the  Spiritual  Quest;    Dreamquest:  Native  American   Myth  and  the  Recovery  of  Soul.  Draws  on  the  works  of  Ignatius  Loyola  and   contemplative  prayer  practices.     M.  Scott  Peck:      Christian/New  Age  thought.  Wrote  the  book  The  Road    Less   Traveled,  sold  10  million  copies.  "All  of  us  who  postulate  a  loving  God  and   really  think  about  it  eventually  come  to  a  single  terrifying  idea:  God  wants  us   to  become  Himself  (or  Herself  or  Itself).  We  are  growing  toward  godhood.   God  is  the  goal  of  evolution."  [page  270]  “To  put  it  plainly,  our  unconscious   is  God.  God  within  us.  We  were  part  of  God  all  the  time.  God  has  been  with   us  all  along,  is  now,  and  always  will  be.“  [p.  281]
  15. 15. 15 Walter  Brueggemann:  is  an  American  Protestant  Old  Testament  scholar   and  theologian  and  an  important  figure  in  Progressive  Christianity.   Brueggemann  is  widely  considered  one  of  the  most  influential  Old   Testament  scholars  of  the  last  several  decades.  Brueggemann  is  an   advocate  and  practitioner  of  rhetorical  criticism.  He  has  written  more   than  58  books,  hundreds  of  articles,  and  several  commentaries  on   books  of  the  Bible.  Dr.  Brueggemann  is  known  throughout  the  world  for   his  method  of  combining  literary  and  sociological  modes  when  reading   Bible.  An  ordained  minister  in  the  United  Church  of  Christ,  Dr.   Brueggemann  currently  resides  in  Cincinnati,  Ohio  (2008).  United   church  of  Christ  is  more  liberal  in  views  of  ecumenism,  equal  rights,  etc.  
  16. 16. 16 Ken  Wilber:  is  an  American  author  who  has  written  about  mysticism,   philosophy,  ecology,  and  developmental  psychology.  His  work  formulates  what   he  calls  Integral  Theory.  Very  much  into  spiritualism/New  Age  thought,  lived  in   Boulder  CO  while  writing  some  of  his  books,  he  is  into  Buddhist  meditation.   Books  include:    The  Spectrum  of  Consciousness;  Sex,  Ecology,  Spirituality;  Up   from  Eden:  A  Transpersonal  View  of  Human  Evolution;  Spiritual  Choices:  The   Problem  of  Recognizing  Authentic  Paths  to  Inner  Transformation;   Transformations  of  Consciousness:  Conventional  and  Contemplative  Perspectives   on  Development  .   Thomas  Berry:  was  a  Catholic  priest  of  the  Passionist  order,  cultural  historian   and  ecotheologian  (although  cosmologist  and  geologian  —  or  “Earth  scholar”  —   were  his  preferred  descriptors).  Among  advocates  of  deep  ecology  and   "ecospirituality"  he  is  famous  for  proposing  that  a  deep  understanding  of  the   history  and  functioning  of  the  evolving  universe  is  a  necessary  inspiration  and   guide  for  our  own  effective  functioning  as  individuals  and  as  a  species.  Books   include:  Buddhism  (1968)  The  Religions  of  India  (1972)  The  Dream  of  the  Earth   (1988)  Befriending  the  Earth  (with  Thomas  Clarke,  1991).  
  17. 17. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Acknowledgments ¨ “No one has had a bigger role in my learning to dance to a new rhythm than conservationist/gardener Marie Aull. … Marie will not agree with everything in this book. But her presence can be felt throughout its pages, most of which were written hiding upstairs in her ‘prophet’s chamber.’ To her I dedicate this book.” ¨ “Finally I trust that the Spirit that led the author of The Cloud of Unknowing … is present in this book’s dancing, everywhere and always.” (Quantum Spirituality, p. ix) Maria  Aull  was  a  wealthy  widow  who  was  an  environmentalist/conservationist  and   donated  a  large  amount  of  her  estate  (money  and  land)  near  Dayton,  Ohio,  to  the   National  Audubon  Society  to  be  used  for  an  environmental  education  program  to   promote  the  protection  of  birds,  wildlife  and  the  habitats  on  which  they  depend.  She   lived  to  105,  seems  to  have  been  a  lovely  person  with  a  love  for  nature  and  desire  to   share  that  love  with  others.  Sweet  however,  used  these  gardens  as  a  site  for  his  book   writing  where  he  developed  his  ‘one  with  the  earth’  ideas.     Explanation  for  the  Cloud  of  Unknowing  on  next  slide. 17
  18. 18. Quantum Spirituality
 Acknowledgments: The Cloud of Unknowing ¨ “The Cloud of Unknowing is an anonymous work of Christian mysticism written in Middle English in the latter half of the 14th century. The text is a spiritual guide on contemplative prayer in the late Middle Ages. The underlying message of this work proposes that the only way to truly ‘know’ God is to abandon all preconceived notions and beliefs or ‘knowledge’ about God and be courageous enough to surrender your mind and ego to the realm of ‘unknowingness,’ at which point, you begin to glimpse the true nature of God.” ¨ “In a follow-up to The Cloud, called The Book of Privy Counseling, the author characterizes the practice of contemplative unknowing as worshiping God with one's ‘substance,’ coming to rest in a ‘naked blind feeling of being,’ and ultimately finding thereby that God is one's being.” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cloud_of_Unknowing) (End  of  Acknowledgement  states  very  clearly  the  mystical,  contemplative  connection  to  which   Sweet  hopes  the  same  spirit  guided  him).    We  have  not  even  made  it  into  the  main  text  of  the   book  and  it  should  be  clear  that  “Quantum  Spirituality”  is  a  new  age/spiritualistic  emerging   church  book.   18
  19. 19. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Mysticism ¨ “Mysticism, once cast to the sidelines of the Christian tradition, is now situated in postmodernist culture near the center. ... In the words of one of the greatest theologians of the twentieth century, Jesuit philosopher of religion/ dogmatist Karl Rahner, ‘The Christian of tomorrow will be a mystic, one who has experienced something, or he will be nothing.’” (Quantum Spirituality, p. 11). Now  we  will  look  more  specifically  at  Sweet’s  own  words  form  the   book  “Quantum  Spirituality”.  Sweet  also  quotes  often  from   Catholic  mystics  for  support  of  his  ideas:   19
  20. 20. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Mysticism ¨ “Energy-fire experiences take us into ourselves only that we might reach outside of ourselves. Metanoia is a de-centering experience of connected-ness and community. It is not an exercise in reciting what Jesus has done for me lately. Energy-fire ecstasy, more a buzz than a binge, takes us out of ourselves, literally. That is the meaning of the word ‘ecstatic.’” (Quantum Spirituality, p. 94) 20
  21. 21. 21 Say  What?  If  none  of  that  really  made  sense  to  you  that’s  okay.  The  entire  book  is  filled  with  similar  “philosophy.”   EGW  said  we  should  not  present  arguments  of  Pantheism  to  expose  it  or  try  to  inter  into  conflict  with  them   [Kellogg],  but  she  did  say  there  was  a  time  to  meet  and  expose  it,  and  she  did  give  short  statements  to  describe   their  teachings  in  GC.  Thus  we  will  mention  only  briefly  Sweet’s  specific  pantheistic  statements  in  the  following   two  slides.   “I  am  warned  that  the  less  our  ministers  handle  the  subject  of  pantheism,  the  less  they  will  help  Satan  to  present   his  theories  to  the  people.  Let  the  truth  for  this  time  be  kept  before  them.  Never,  never  repeat  the  spiritualistic   sentiments,  the  strange,  misleading  theories,  which  have  for  years  been  coming  in.  …  Let  the  repetition  of  Satan's   falsehoods  be  kept  out  of  our  papers.”  (Counsel  to  Editors  and  Writers,  p.  93)   “I  am  instructed  to  say  to  you  that  it  is  not  best  to  dwell  upon  the  spiritualistic  sentiments,  the  strange,  misleading   theories,  which  have  for  years  been  coming  in  among  us.       It  is  not  best  to  preach  on  the  subject  of  Pantheism  or  to  read  quotations  from  authors  who  write  on  this  subject,   and  the  specious,  deceptive  errors  that  lead  to  it.  The  statements  made  in  Testimonies,  volume  8,  are  sufficient  to   warn  our  people  to  avoid  these  errors.  These  statements  will  do  more  to  enlighten  minds  than  all  the  explanations   or  theories  that  our  ministers  and  teachers  may  put  forth  concerning  these  matters.       If  you  try  to  handle  these  subjects,  you  will  be  led  to  repeat  the  sophistries  of  Satan,  and  thus  you  will  help  Satan  to   present  his  false  theories  to  the  people.”  (Evangelism,  p.  63)[Specific  context  was  in  regard  to  Kellogg  crisis]   GC  and  example  of  how  to  cover  the  topic  without  giving  voice  to  Satan  by  dwelling  on  it.     “Spiritualism  teaches  ‘that  man  is  the  creature  of  progression;  that  it  is  his  destiny  from  his  birth  to  progress,  even   to  eternity,  toward  the  Godhead,’  And  again:  ‘Each  mind  will  judge  itself  and  not  another.’  ‘The  judgment  will  be   right,  because  it  is  the  judgment  of  self.  .  .  .  The  throne  is  within  you.’  Said  a  Spiritualistic  teacher,  as  the  ‘spiritual   consciousness’  awoke  within  him,  ‘My  fellow-­‐men,  all  were  unfallen  demigods.’  And  another  declares,  ‘Any  just  and   perfect  being  is  Christ.’  (Great  Controversy,  1888  ed.,  p.  554)
  22. 22. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Pantheism ¨ “New Light embodiment means to be ‘in connection’ and ‘information’ with all of creation. New Light communities extend the sense of connectionalism to creation and see themselves as members of an ecological community encompassing the whole of creation. … Theologian/feminist critic Sallie McFague has argued persuasively for seeing Earth, in a very real sense, as much as a part of the body of Christ as humans. …65” ¨ “The world of nature has an identity and purpose apart from human benefit. But we constitute together a cosmic body of Christ. 66” (Quantum Spirituality, p. 124) 22
  23. 23. 23  “Sallie  McFague  is  an  American  feminist  Christian  theologian,  best  known  for  her   analysis  of  how  metaphor  lies  at  the  heart  of  how  we  may  speak  about  God.  She  has   applied  this  approach  in  particular  to  ecological  issues,  writing  extensively  on  care  for   the  earth  as  if  it  were  God’s  ‘body’.”            “McFague’s  panentheistic  theology  stresses  God  as  highly  involved  in  the  world  …   This  is  not  the  omnipotent,  omniscient  and  immutable  God  of  classical  theism  and  neo-­‐ orthodoxy:  for  McFague,  God  is  not  transcendent  in  any  sense  that  we  can  know.  This   has  led  some  critics  to  ask  whether  McFague’s  theology  leaves  us  with  anything  that   may  properly  be  called  God  at  all.  …  A  theology  where  God  as  creator  does  not  stand   ‘over  against’  the  creation  tends  to  shift  the  focus  away  from  God  as  personal.  …  God  as   Spirit  is  not  primarily  the  initiator  of  creation,  but  ‘the  empowering,  continuing  breath  of   life’.  …  And  because  the  world  is  God’s  body,  evil  occurs  in  and  to  God  as  well  as  to  us   and  the  rest  of  creation.[22]   Correspondingly,  the  notion  of  the  individual  in  need  of  God’s  salvation  is  anachronistic   in  a  world  ‘from’  which  that  individual  no  longer  need  to  be  saved,  but  rather  ‘in’  which   he  or  she  need  to  learn  how  to  live  interrelatedly  and  interdependently.”            “McFague  remarks,  ‘theology  is  mostly  fiction’,[3]  but  a  multiplicity  of  images,  or   metaphors,  can  and  should  enhance  and  enrich  our  models  of  God.  Most  importantly,   new  metaphors  can  help  give  substance  to  new  ways  of  conceiving  God  appropriately   ‘for  our  time’,[4]  and  more  adequate  models  for  the  ethically  urgent  tasks  humankind   faces,  principally  the  task  of  caring  for  an  ecologically  fragile  planet.”     (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sallie_McFague)
  24. 24. 24 [66]  is  referencing  Matthew  Fox,  The  Cosmic  Christ:  The  Coming  of  the  Cosmic  Christ:  The   Healing  of  Mother  Earth  and  the  Birth  of  a  Global  Renaissance  (San  Francisco:  Harper  and   Row,  1988).“Former  Dominican  priest  and  author  of  The  Coming  of  the  Cosmic  Christ;   developed  Creation  Spirituality;  believes  that  God  and  Christ  are  in  all  things.  He  is   president  of  the  University  of  Creation  Spirituality.”  (http://www.lighthousetrailsresearch.com/matthewfox.htm)   Pantheism  is  a  word  derived  from  the  Greek  (pan)  meaning  "all"  and  the  Greek  (theos)   meaning  "God".  It  is  the  view  that  everything  is  part  of  an  all-­‐encompassing  immanent  God,[1]   or  that  the  Universe  (or  Nature)  and  God  (or  divinity)  are  identica.  “God  is  everything  and   everything  is  God.”     Panentheism  (from  Greek  πᾶν  (pân)  "all";  ἐν  (en)  "in";  and  θεός  (theós)  "God";  "all-­‐in-­‐ God“  [or  God  in  all])  is  a  belief  system  which  posits  that  the  divine  (be  it  a  monotheistic  God,   polytheistic  gods,  or  an  eternal  cosmic  animating  force),  interpenetrates  every  part  of  nature   and  timelessly  extends  beyond  it.  Panentheism  differentiates  itself  from  pantheism,  which   holds  that  the  divine  is  synonymous  with  the  universe.[1]   In  panentheism,  the  universe  in  the  first  formulation  is  practically  the  whole  itself.  In  the   second  formulation,  the  universe  and  the  divine  are  not  ontologically  equivalent.  In   panentheism,  God  is  viewed  as  the  eternal  animating  force  behind  the  universe.  Some   versions  suggest  that  the  universe  is  nothing  more  than  the  manifest  part  of  God.  In  some   forms  of  panentheism,  the  cosmos  exists  within  God,  who  in  turn  "pervades"  or  is  "in"  the   cosmos.  While  pantheism  asserts  that  'All  is  God',  panentheism  goes  further  to  claim  that   God  is  greater  than  the  universe.  In  addition,  some  forms  indicate  that  the  universe  is   contained  within  God.[1]  Much  Hindu  thought  is  highly  characterized  by  panentheism  and   pantheism.
  25. 25. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Pantheism ¨ “Quantum spirituality bonds us to all creation as well as to other members of the human family. New Light pastors are what Arthur Peacocke calls ‘priests of creation’70--earth ministers who can relate the realm of nature to God, who can help nurture a brother-sister relationship with the living organism called Planet Earth. This entails a radical doctrine of embodiment of God in the very substance of creation. ¨ The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1974) identifies the difference between pantheism and panentheism: [defined in notes]… New Light spirituality does more than settle for the created order, as many forms of New Age pantheism do. But a spirituality that is not in some way entheistic (whether pan- or trans-), that does not extend to the spirit-matter of the cosmos, is not Christian.” (Quantum Spirituality, p. 125) 25
  26. 26. 26 “Pantheism  is  the  pagan  belief  that  ‘ALL  is  God.’  Panentheism  is  its   twin  that  says,  ‘God  is  In  everyone  and  everything.’  The  Quakers—like   the  Hindus,  Buddhists,  and  New  Agers—are  panentheists.”  (Howard   Peth,  The  Dangers  of  Contemplative  Prayer,  p.  50)   [Pantheism  is  “the  belief  or  theory  that  God  and  the  universe  are   identical”;  panentheism  is  “the  belief  that  the  Being  of  God  includes   and  penetrates  the  whole  universe,  so  that  every  part  of  it  exists  in   Him,  but.  .  .  that  His  Being  is  more  than,  and  is  not  exhausted  by,  the   Universe.”77]    The  Oxford  Dictionary  of  the  Christian  Church  (1974)   Transentheistic:  “Transtheistic  is  a  term  coined  by  philosopher  Paul   Tillich  or  Indologist  Heinrich  Zimmer,  referring  to  a  system  of  thought   or  religious  philosophy  which  is  neither  theistic,  nor  atheistic,[1]  but  is   beyond  them.”  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transtheism)
  27. 27. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Ecumenism ¨ “New Light embodiment means to be ‘in connection’ and ‘information’ with other faiths. To be in-formation means to know each other’s songs almost as well as one knows them oneself, and to enlarge the community to include those whose conceptions of God differ from ours in form. To be in connection means to be able to sing, not only selected stanzas, but all the verses. …” ¨ “One can be a faithful disciple of Jesus Christ without denying the flickers of the sacred in followers of Yahweh, or Kali, or Krishna. A globalization of evangelism ‘in connection’ with others, and a globally ‘in-formed’ gospel, is capable of talking across the fence with Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Muslim--people from other so called ‘new’ religious traditions (‘new’ only to us)--without assumption of superiority and power.” (Quantum Spirituality, pp. 130-131) 27
  28. 28. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Ecumenism ¨ “A surprisingly central feature of all the world’s religions is the language of light in communicating the divine and symbolizing the union of the human with the divine: Muhammed’s light-filled cave, Moses’ burning bush, Paul’s blinding light, Fox’s ‘inner light,’ Krishna’s Lord of Light, Bohme’s light- filled cobbler shop, Plotinus’ fire experiences, … and so on” (Quantum Spirituality, p. 235). Is  all  light  the  same?      2  Cor.  11:13  -­‐15  “For  such  are  false  apostles,  deceitful   workers,  transforming  themselves  into  the  apostles  of  Christ.     And  no  marvel;  for  Satan  himself  is  transformed  into  an  angel  of  light.  Therefore   it  is  no  great  thing  if  his  ministers  also  be  transformed  as  the  ministers  of   righteousness;  whose  end  shall  be  according  to  their  works.” 28
  29. 29. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Prayer ¨ “7. Stand in front of a picture of a family member who has died. Recall joyful memories of them and laugh. With the breath you took for that laugh, your loved one literally became a part of you. In every breath there are more than a million atoms breathed personally at one time or another by every breathing earthling that has ever lived.” Perhaps  one  of  the  more  revealing  sections  of  this  book  is  where   Sweet  offers  10  recommendations  for  breathing  exercises:  “The  literal   translation  of  aerobics  is  ‘with  air.’  These  ten  deep  breathing  exercises   sample  some  of  the  aerobic  principles  able  to  improve  the  physical   fitness  of  postmoderns.” 29
  30. 30. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Prayer ¨ “8. Hold your Bible and breathe meditatively. The breathtaking, nay, breath-giving truth of aliveness is more than Methuselean in its span: Part of your body right now was once actually, literally part of the body of Abraham, Sarah, Noah, Esther, David, Abigail, Moses, Ruth, Matthew, Mary, Luke, Martha, John, Priscilla, Paul... and Jesus.” 30
  31. 31. Quantum Spirituality
 In Leonard Sweet’s own words: Prayer ¨ “9. Keep breathing quietly while holding your Bible. You have within you not just the powers of goodness resident in the great spiritual leaders like Moses, Jesus, Muhammed, Lao Tzu. You also have within you the forces of evil and destruction. … Resident in each breath you take is the body of angels like Joan of Arc and devils like Gilles de Rais, Genghis Khan, Judas Iscariot, Herod, Hitler, Stalin and all the other destructive spirits throughout history.” (Quantum Spirituality, p. 300) 31
  32. 32. 32 An  entire  book  could  be  written  in  response  to   Quantum  Spirituality,  and  to  all  of  Sweet’s  books  for   that  matter,  but  that  is  far  beyond  the  scope  of  this   presentation.  Many  other  Evangelicals  have   responded  to  Sweet’s  concepts  over  the  years,  raising   a  warning  call  to  the  ever  growing  ecumenical,   spiritualistic,  Emerging  Church  movement  he  is   involved  in.  Where  are  Adventists  today?    But  some   might  say  that  Sweet  wrote  Quantum  Spirituality  at   the  beginning  of  his  ministry  years  ago,  and  that  he   has  substantially  changed  over  the  years  refuting   some  of  his  earlier  questionable  concepts.  Not  true  as   we  shall  see.  
  33. 33. Quantum Spirituality
 Book Review ¨ “The new focus is on unity -- a world-wide oneness reflected in the growing union between the East and West. Leonard Sweet's book, Quantum Spirituality, sheds some revealing light of the envisioned global ‘church’ for the 21st century. In his view, the offense of the cross has been replaced with a passion for interfaith peace and possibility-thinking. To illustrate this point, Dr. Sweet points to Thomas Merton, the popular Catholic author who popularized mysticism and died in Asia searching the depths of Tibetan Buddhism.” ¨ (Berit Kjos, The Emerging Global Church) http://www.lighthousetrailsresearch.com/leonardsweet.htm Female  author,  with  Lutheran  upbringing,    written  a  lot  on  trends  in   world  religion  and  the  move  toward  One  World  government.     33
  34. 34. Ellen White & Pantheism Before  moving  on  to  more  of  Leonard  Sweet’s  theology  we  should  remind   ourselves  of  God’s  warnings  to  us  as  a  people.    What  does  Ellen  White  through  the   Testimony  of  Jesus  have  to  say  about  our  times?    Just  because  someone  quotes   scripture  does  not  prove  it  right.  Satan  quoted  scripture  to  Christ.   ¨ “The warnings of the word of God regarding the perils surrounding the Christian church belong to us today. As in the days of the apostles men tried by tradition and philosophy to destroy faith in the Scriptures, so today, by the pleasing sentiments of higher criticism, evolution, spiritualism, theosophy, and pantheism, the enemy of righteousness is seeking to lead souls into forbidden paths. To many the Bible is as a lamp without oil, because they have turned their minds into channels of speculative belief that bring misunderstanding and confusion. The work of higher criticism, in dissecting, conjecturing, reconstructing, is destroying faith in the Bible as a divine revelation. …” ¨ “The follower of Christ will meet with the ‘enticing words’ against which the apostle warned the Colossian believers. He will meet with spiritualistic interpretations of the Scriptures, but he is not to accept them. His voice is to be heard in clear affirmation of the eternal truths of the Scriptures.” (Acts of the Apostles, pp. 474-475) 34
  35. 35. Ellen White & Pantheism ¨ “Pretenders will arise with theories that have no foundation in the word of God. We are to hold aloft the banner bearing the inscription, ‘The commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.’ We are to hold the beginning of our confidence firm unto the end. Let no one attempt to dilute truth with a mixture of sophistry. Let no one attempt to tear down the foundation of our faith, or to spoil the pattern by bringing into the web threads of human devising. Not one thread of pantheism is to be drawn into the web. Sensuality, ruinous to soul and body, is always the result of drawing these threads into the web.” ¨ (Medical Ministry, p. 97-98) 35
  36. 36. Ellen White & Spiritualism ¨ “The prince of darkness, who has so long bent the powers of his master-mind to the work of deception, skillfully adapts his temptations to men of all classes and conditions. To persons of culture and refinement he presents Spiritualism in its more refined and intellectual aspects, and thus succeeds in drawing many into his snare. The wisdom which Spiritualism imparts is that described by the apostle James, which “descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.” [James 3:15.] … He appeals to the reason by the presentation of elevating themes, he delights the fancy with enrapturing scenes, and he enlists the affections by his eloquent portrayals of love and charity. He excites the imagination to lofty flights, leading men to take so great pride in their own wisdom that in their hearts they despise the Eternal One.” (Great Controversy, 1888 ed. pp. 553-554) 36
  37. 37. Ellen White & Spiritualism ¨ “But Spiritualism, which numbers its converts by hundreds of thousands, yea, by millions, which has made its way into scientific circles, which has invaded churches, and has found favor in legislative bodies, and even in the courts of kings—this mammoth deception is but a revival, in a new disguise, of the witchcraft condemned and prohibited of old.” ¨ “If there were no other evidence of the real character of Spiritualism, it should be enough for the Christian that the spirits make no difference between righteousness and sin, between the noblest and purest of the apostles of Christ and the most corrupt of the servants of Satan.” (Great Controversy, 1888 ed. pp. 556-557) 37
  38. 38. Ellen White & Spiritualism ¨ “It is true that Spiritualism is now changing its form, and, veiling some of its more objectionable features, is assuming a Christian guise. …” ¨ “Even in its present form, so far from being more worthy of toleration than formerly, it is really a more dangerous, because a more subtle deception. While it formerly denounced Christ and the Bible, it now professes to accept both. But the Bible is interpreted in a manner that is pleasing to the unrenewed heart, while its solemn and vital truths are made of no effect. Love is dwelt upon as the chief attribute of God, but it is degraded to a weak sentimentalism making little distinction between good and evil. God's justice, his denunciations of sin, the requirements of his holy law, are all kept out of sight. … Christ is as verily denied as before; but Satan has so blinded the eyes of the people that the deception is not discerned.” (Great Controversy, 1888 ed. p. 558) 38
  39. 39. Ellen White & Spiritualism ¨ “Satan has long been preparing for his final effort to deceive the world. …Little by little he has prepared the way for his master-piece of deception in the development of Spiritualism. He has not yet reached the full accomplishment of his designs [1888]; but it will be reached in the last remnant of time. Says the prophet: ‘I saw three unclean spirits like frogs; . . . they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.’ [Revelation 16:13, 14.] Except those who are kept by the power of God, through faith in his Word, the whole world will be swept into the ranks of this delusion.” (Great Controversy, 1888 ed. pp. 561-562) 39
  40. 40. Ellen White & Spiritualism ¨ “Through the two great errors, the immortality of the soul, and Sunday sacredness, Satan will bring the people under his deceptions. While the former lays the foundation of Spiritualism, the latter creates a bond of sympathy with Rome. The Protestants of the United States will be foremost in stretching their hands across the gulf to grasp the hand of Spiritualism; they will reach over the abyss to clasp hands with the Roman power; and under the influence of this threefold union, this country will follow in the steps of Rome in trampling on the rights of conscience.” ¨ “As Spiritualism more closely imitates the nominal Christianity of the day, it has greater power to deceive and ensnare. Satan himself is converted, after the modern order of things. He will appear in the character of an angel of light. Through the agency of Spiritualism, miracles will be wrought, the sick will be healed, and many undeniable wonders will be performed. And as the spirits will profess faith in the Bible, and manifest respect for the institutions of the church, their work will be accepted as a manifestation of divine power.” (Great Controversy, 1888 ed. p. 588) 40
  41. 41. Ellen White & Ecumenism ¨ “The line of distinction between professed Christians and the ungodly is now hardly distinguishable. Church- members love what the world loves, and are ready to join with them; and Satan determines to unite them in one body, and thus strengthen his cause by sweeping all into the ranks of Spiritualism. Papists, who boast of miracles as a certain sign of the true church, will be readily deceived by this wonder-working power; and Protestants, having cast away the shield of truth, will also be deluded. Papists, Protestants, and worldlings will alike accept the form of godliness without the power, and they will see in this union a grand movement for the conversion of the world, and the ushering in of the long-expected millennium.”(Great Controversy, 1888 ed. p. 588) An  ecumenical  movement.   41

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