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Vocal and Instrumental Music - MAPEH 8 (Music 1st Quarter)

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MAPEH 8 - Music 1st Quarter
A. Vocal Music (Male and Female Voice Types)
B. Instrumental Music (Hornbostel-Sachs)

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Vocal and Instrumental Music - MAPEH 8 (Music 1st Quarter)

  1. 1. MUSIC 8 Mr. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School
  2. 2. What is MUSIC ?
  3. 3. MUSIC /myo͞ozik/ Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound and silence.
  4. 4. MUSIC /myo͞ozik/ Music is a vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion.
  5. 5. MUSIC /myo͞ozik/ Music is the written or printed signs representing vocal or instrumental sound.
  6. 6. What is Sound and how is it produced?
  7. 7. Sound is a form of energy. It is caused by the vibration of an object.
  8. 8. When does Sound become MUSIC?
  9. 9. Music is a sound, or series of sounds, that you find pleasurable.
  10. 10. Vocal Music & Instrumental Music Forms of Music
  11. 11. VOCAL MUSIC Vocal Music is a type of music performed by one or more singers, with or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece.
  12. 12. Music without any non-vocal instrumental accompaniment is referred to as a cappella.
  13. 13. Vocal music typically features sung words called lyrics.
  14. 14. A short piece of vocal music with lyrics is broadly termed a song.
  15. 15. INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC An instrumental is a musical composition or recording without lyrics, or singing, although it might include some inarticulate vocal input.
  16. 16. The instrumental music is primarily or exclusively produced by musical instruments.
  17. 17. What is the difference between VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL music?
  18. 18. Vocal music is coming from the voice while instrumental music is coming from the instrument.
  19. 19. Classifications of Voice
  20. 20. Female Voice Type Soprano – is the highest singing voice type Mezzo-soprano – is the middle- range voice type for females Contralto – is the lowest female voice (a.k.a. alto)
  21. 21. Male Voice Type Tenor – is the highest male voice Baritone – is the middle-range voice type for males Bass – is the lowest male voice
  22. 22. Hornbostel - Sachs Instrumental Music
  23. 23. Hornbostel - Sachs is a system of musical instrument classification is devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs
  24. 24. CLASSIFICATIONS Idiophones Membranophones Chordophones Aerophones Electrophones
  25. 25. Idiophone produce a sound by the vibration of the actual instrument itself These instruments can be strucked, rubbed, shaken or plucked. belongs to the percussion family
  26. 26. Idiophones Agung a Tamlang (Philippines) Cajón (Peru) Castanets (Spain)
  27. 27. Idiophones Marimba (Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras) Triangle Xylophone
  28. 28. Membranophone produce sound when a stretched skin (membrane) vibrates Different materials can be used to make membranophones, including wood, metal, or ceramics.
  29. 29. Membranophones Conga Drums (Caribbean) Dabakan (Philippines) Candombe (Uruguay)
  30. 30. Membranophones Janggu (Korea) Kakko (Japan) Kendang (Indonesia)
  31. 31. Chordophone is part of the string instrument family. produces sound by the vibrating of strings To make the sounds: pluck, bow or strike the strings. This is done by a pick, bow or the musician’s hand.
  32. 32. Chordophones Banjo (North America) Kudyapi (Philippines) Harp
  33. 33. Chordophones Lyre (Greece) Mandola (Western Europe) Mandolin (Italy) Ukulele (Hawaii)
  34. 34. Chordophones
  35. 35. Aerophone produces its sound by the vibration of air (wind instrument) The two main families that are aerophones are woodwind and brass instruments.
  36. 36. Aerophone Most woodwinds use the air and reeds to vibrate. Brass use air and the player’s lips to vibrate. Some keyboard instruments also use air as the source of vibration and can be considered aerophones.
  37. 37. Aerophones Accordion (Europe) Bagpipes (Europe) Clarinets (Germany)
  38. 38. Aerophones
  39. 39. Electrophone is the newest category of instruments They have only been around since the 20th century. Electrophones produce an electronic sound. The two main families of electrophones are electronic instruments and amplified acoustical instruments.
  40. 40. Electrophones Drum Machine Electronic Organ Amplified Acoustic Guitar
  41. 41. QUIZ 1ST Quarter MUSIC 8
  42. 42. A. Identification 1-2. Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is ________ and ________. 3. Caused by the vibration of an object
  43. 43. 4. A sound or a series of sounds that someone likes 5-6. Two forms of music 7. Music coming from the voice 8. Music coming from the instrument
  44. 44. 9. Music without any non-vocal instrumental accompaniment 10. A short piece of vocal music with lyrics 11. The highest singing voice for female
  45. 45. 12. The highest male singing voice 13. The middle-range voice type for males 14. The lowest female voice type
  46. 46. 15. System of classifying musical instruments 16. Aerophones produce sound by the vibration of what? 17. Chordophones produce sound by the vibration of what?
  47. 47. 18. Electrophones produce what kind of sounds? 19. Membranophones produce sound by vibrating what? 20. Idiophones use the vibration of what?
  48. 48. B. Classify the musical instruments Choices: A. Aerophone B. Chordophone C. Electrophone D. Idiophone E. Membranophone 1. Flute 2. Conga 3. Castanets 4. Xylophone
  49. 49. B. Classify the musical instruments Choices: A. Aerophone B. Chordophone C. Electrophone D. Idiophone E. Membranophone 5. Amplified Acoustic Guitar 6. Ukulele 7. Accordion
  50. 50. B. Classify the musical instruments Choices: A. Aerophone B. Chordophone C. Electrophone D. Idiophone E. Membranophone 8. Dabakan 9. Kudyapi 10. Electronic Organ
  51. 51. THANK YOU! Mr. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City

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