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BOTOLINUM TOXIN<br />Marina Soto Sierra<br />Laude El Altillo<br />
OUTLINE<br /><ul><li>What is it?
 History of the Botulinum Toxin.
 Different uses of “Botox”.
 Facial remodelling with BTX.
 Summary
 Test</li></li></ul><li>What is BTX?<br /><ul><li> it’s a neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium Botulinum.
 it´s popularly known by one of its trade names Botox or Dysport.</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY OF THE BOTULINUM TOXIN<br /><u...
1949- Burgen shows that the BT prevents the nervous impulse from reaching a muscle.
1960- Allan B. Scott, an ophthalmologist in San Francisco, begins to investigate with BT in humans.</li></li></ul><li>HIST...
 2002- FDA approved  its use in glabelar wrinkles (EE.UU.)
2002-death in an illegal clinic in Madrid</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY OF THE BOTULINUM TOXIN<br /><ul><li>2004- doctors are ...
For migraines
Excessive perspiration
Brain & spinal cord disorders
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Botulinum toxin

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Botulinum toxin

  1. 1. BOTOLINUM TOXIN<br />Marina Soto Sierra<br />Laude El Altillo<br />
  2. 2. OUTLINE<br /><ul><li>What is it?
  3. 3. History of the Botulinum Toxin.
  4. 4. Different uses of “Botox”.
  5. 5. Facial remodelling with BTX.
  6. 6. Summary
  7. 7. Test</li></li></ul><li>What is BTX?<br /><ul><li> it’s a neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium Botulinum.
  8. 8. it´s popularly known by one of its trade names Botox or Dysport.</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY OF THE BOTULINUM TOXIN<br /><ul><li>1895- Van Ermengen grows the bacillus from infected human tissues.
  9. 9. 1949- Burgen shows that the BT prevents the nervous impulse from reaching a muscle.
  10. 10. 1960- Allan B. Scott, an ophthalmologist in San Francisco, begins to investigate with BT in humans.</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY OF THE BOTULINUM TOXIN<br /><ul><li>1973-an authorisation from the F.D.A for its being used on humans is obtained.
  11. 11. 2002- FDA approved its use in glabelar wrinkles (EE.UU.)
  12. 12. 2002-death in an illegal clinic in Madrid</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY OF THE BOTULINUM TOXIN<br /><ul><li>2004- doctors are allowed to use the BT in Spain.</li></li></ul><li>Different uses of “Botox”<br /><ul><li>Other uses of Botox besides stopping wrinkles are:
  13. 13. For migraines
  14. 14. Excessive perspiration
  15. 15. Brain & spinal cord disorders
  16. 16. Enlarged prostate & Bladder function.</li></li></ul><li>FACIAL REMODELLING<br /><ul><li>Basically: To eliminate a wrinkle you must paralyse the muscle which causes it.</li></li></ul><li>FACIAL REMODELLING<br />
  17. 17. FACIAL REMODELLING<br /><ul><li>we can treat: </li></ul>Between the eyebrows<br />Forehead<br />Lower lid<br />Crow’s feet<br />Corners of mouth<br />Smokers lines <br />
  18. 18. FACIAL REMODELLING<br /><ul><li>Before-After:</li></li></ul><li>FACIAL REMODELLING<br /><ul><li>Before-After:</li></li></ul><li>SUMMARY<br /><ul><li>The botulinum toxin is produced by the bacteria Clostridium Botulinum.
  19. 19. In 1973 is allowed to be used in humans in EE.UU and in 2004 in Spain.
  20. 20. The BT can treat many things but it’s mainly used for facial remodelling.</li></li></ul><li>TEST<br /><ul><li>Doctors are allowed to use BT in Spain since:</li></ul>1973<br />2004<br />2009<br /><ul><li>BT is frequently used in your ears.</li></ul>True<br />False<br />
  21. 21. Thank you for your time!<br />

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