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Savova Canuel & Crichton - Mobile technology and information literacy instruction: the McGill Library experience


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Savova Canuel & Crichton - Mobile technology and information literacy instruction: the McGill Library experience

  1. 1. LILAC 2012Mobile technology andinformation literacy instruction:The McGill Library experience Maria Savova, Claremont Colleges Library Robin Canuel, McGill University Library Chad Crichton, University of Toronto Libraries
  2. 2. By the end of this presentation 1) Have a greater appreciation of the value of mobile technology in a library context 2) Learn how mobile technology can impact the ways librarians and library clients interact with library resources and services 3) Be familiar with some of the challenges libraries and library clients face when using electronic content on mobile devices 4) Learn ways to integrate mobile technology into your information literacy instruction workshops 5) Be familiar with some new ways of searching for information using mobile devices
  3. 3. E-reader and Tablet Ownershipin USAPew Research Center:•Tablet and e-book reader ownershipnearly doubled from 10% to 19%between mid-December 2011 and earlyJanuary 2012•The number of Americans owning atleast one of these digital reading devicesjumped from 18% to 29% in the sameperiod (Rainie, 2012)
  4. 4. iPod 62% Smartphone 55% iPad 8%Dahlstrom, Eden, Tom de Boor, Peter Grunwald, and Martha Vockley, with a foreword by Diana Oblinger. The ECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and InformationTechnology, 2011 (Research Report). Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research, October 2011, available from:
  5. 5. ECAR Recommendations Integrate technology into courses Professional development for instructors Leverage technologies that students value Nail the basicsECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology
  6. 6. Mobile Technology for Loan• E-reader loan• iPad loan pilot project
  7. 7. Mobile Learning“Any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed,predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takesadvantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies.” O’Malley, C., Vavoula, G., Glew, J. P., Taylor, J., Sharples, M., & Lefrere, P. (2003)“...meeting learning objectives in ways that transcend geographicallimitations and pursuing the use of technologies that best facilitate thisaim.” Savova & Garsia (2012)|mt:2|
  8. 8. Developing a Mobile TechnologyWorkshop• Connectivity• Accessing e-Content• E-Formats• Digital Rights Management (DRM)• Managing Content• New Ways of Searching for Information
  9. 9. The McGill Library WorkshopMcGill Library from the palm of your hand•Students (part of library orientation program)•Librarians•Faculty•Library Science masters students•Information and Library Technologies students•Health care professionals
  10. 10. Connectivity • Internet capable 2G/3G/4G data plans vs. Wi-Fi only Smartphones Kindle DX Tablets iPod Touch Some e-readers • Not Internet capable Sony Reader Kobo B&N Nook Cybook iLiad Libre
  11. 11. Connectivity• Institutional Wireless Network• Virtual Private Network (VPN)• EZ Proxy
  12. 12. McGill e-Library• 831,708 eBooks• 1,000,000 eTheses• 752 eAudiobooks• 76,008 eJournals• 873 databases• 2,119 eNewspapers• 11,014 eRecorded music• 1,969 eScores• 1,006 eVideos
  13. 13. E-Content Questions• Downloadable or online only?• Compatible with which operating systems?• Compatible with mobile devices? Which ones?• What electronic format?• What is the quality of the reading experience on a small screen?• What are the DRM limitations?
  14. 14. Accessing Content View onlineDirect download – view offline Download and transfer – view offline
  15. 15. Using Library Electronic ContentOffline Challenges: • Shortcomings of current catalogues  Can it be downloaded?  Availability of e-content • Electronic formats • DRM
  16. 16. • SCREENSHOT
  17. 17. Electronic Formats – Online Onlyvs. Downloadable VS.
  18. 18. PDF on a Small Screen
  19. 19. What Does “Reflowable” Text Mean?
  20. 20. Reflowable e-Book Formats EPUB – format standard for digital publishing Compatible with almost every device but the Amazon Kindle AZW Kindle Format Compatible with the Amazon Kindle (device and reading apps) MobiPocket Reader Format - universal eBook Reader for PDAs Compatible with most smartphones and some e-readers
  21. 21. Converting PDFs into e-ReaderFriendly Formats Application on Science Direct Free ebook management software
  22. 22. DRM - Digital Rights Management|
  23. 23. DRM is Controversial Protection against copyright infringement and digital piracy Restricts the owner rights of a buyer of legally purchased e-book Creates additional technological challenges to borrowing of e-books Time-limited license makes e-book lending possible
  24. 24. Ways in Which DRM RestrictsUser Access• Number of simultaneous users• Duration of access• Printing and copying capabilities• Number of views• Extent of content• Type and number of devices allowed to display the work
  25. 25. DRM-free vs. Free
  26. 26. Accessing Library ElectronicContent Directly on a Mobile Device • Through the mobile or full library web sites • Using library apps: EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Springer, etc.
  27. 27. • SCREENSHOT
  28. 28. Managing Electronic Content• E-book reading apps (BlueFire Reader, iBooks, Stanza)• PDF apps (PDF-notes, PDFReader, PerfectReader, BlueFire Reader)• Vendor-specific apps (OverDrive Media Console, iBooks, Kindle, Kobo)
  29. 29. Android Tablet File Structure
  30. 30. New Ways of Searching forInformation• Voice Search• Visual Search• Context-specific search results• Barcode & QR Codes Scanning• Augmented Reality
  31. 31. Other Audio Apps
  32. 32. Google Goggles
  33. 33. Image Search Photo credit: Klaus Fiedler
  34. 34. Location Aware Search Results
  35. 35. QR Codes• Links to electronic resources• Instructional videos• Useful websites for further information• Contact details• Storing information for future reference
  36. 36. Augmented Reality Video
  37. 37. Augmented Reality Video
  38. 38. Conclusions• In the future, we’ll all simply be moving from screen to screen to screen in our ever more constant digital interactions• Technological advances are fundamentally changing the way that library users interact with digital information• Librarians must leverage their role as teachers in order to help ensure their continued relevance given these advancements• Workshops such as those held at McGill will soon no longer be seen as covering a specialized topic, but will simply be a typical component of traditional information literacy instruction