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Sir Mehtab Ahmad
Muhammad Azaz 1811
Faisal Nadeem 1814
Fahad Idrees 1815
Hafiz umair 1817
Ghulam Dastgeer 1819
Ahmad Latafat 1827
Department of Geography
GC university Faisalabad
Origin of compact city
Definition of compact city
Need of compact city
Compact city model
General characteristics of compact city
Positive impacts of compact cites
Negative impacts of compact cites
Cities following the compact city model
Urban sprawl characteristics
The term compact city was 1st coined in 1973 by George
Dantzig and Thomas L. satty
Two mathematician whose vision was largely driven by a
desire to see more efficient use of resources.
Compact cities were created by the idea of sustainable
urban planning in the European countries in late 1990,s.
The concept of compact city is based on sustainability, a
term used by a club of Rome in 1972.
Easy to move and access
Compact and polycentric diversity
The compact city or city of short distance is and
urban planning and urban design concept, which
promotes relatively high residential density with
mix land use.
I. Efficient transport system and
II. Urban layout
Encourages walking and cycling, low energy
consumption and reduce pollution.
Social interaction and eye on the street
Form of space
High dense settlements
Less dependence of
Clear boundary from
Form of Function
Self-sufficiency of daily life
Urban infrastructure especially sewerage and water
Multi nodal transportation
High degree of accessibility local/regional.
High degree of street connectivity including side
walk and bicycle lanes.
POSITIVE IMPACTS OF
Less energy consumption
Less GHG (green house gases)
Preservation of land for
agriculture and water
Efficient use of energy.
Low electricity demand.
Low travel cost
Higher mobility and higher
More cost effective public
services provision e.g. road
Maximize impact of public
More frequent exchange of
ideas which leads towards the
innovation and wealth
Lack of affordable housing’
Poor access to green spaces’
increased crime level
Higher death rate due to respiratory
4 million population
City of Toyama
0.4 million population
2.3 million people
7th largest city in Brazil
The smiling city
Urban sprawl means the spread of urban
areas into rural areas such as farmland,
forests and coastal lands that lie on the
outer edges of cities.
Urban sprawl is the unchecked spreading
of a city or its suburbs.
It often involves the construction of
residential and commercial buildings in
rural areas or otherwise undeveloped land
at the outskirts of a city.
Low residential density
(1 house= 1 family)
Lack of public transportation
Unlimited outward extension of
All transportation dominate by
privately owned motor vehicles
Economic Impacts of Urban
Urban Sprawl is not always checked
and systematic. This isn’t very helpful
for the economy.
The auto dependent development
causes a lot of disadvantages including
inefficient street layouts, car
Increased Infrastructure costs
Living in larger, more spread out
spaces generally makes public
services more expensive.
Taxes are risen (bad for the people
good for the government).
Urban sprawl can cause
Increased Pollution and
reliance on fossil fuel
More carbon emission
adds up in the atmosphere.
Urban sprawl may be
partly responsible for the
decline in social capital in
the United States
By doing this, the city can manage its expenses
can also be more efficient during keeping track
There will be good population control and more
room for open space and agriculture, which
every city requires.
Not every city has to limit its urban
sprawl. Natural will do it by own.
1. "What Is Urban Sprawl?" WiseGEEK: Clear Answers
for Common Questions. Web. 20 Jan. 2011.
2. "Metro: Urban Growth Boundary." Metro: Welcome
to Metro. Web. 24 Jan. 2011. <http://www.metro-
3. "Urban Sprawl: the Big Picture." NASA Science. Web.
25 Jan. 2011. <http://science.nasa.gov/science-
4. Sprawl Guide: Problems with Sprawl (Environmental
Impacts)." Planning Commissioners Journal. Web. 26